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A Virtue-Based Defense of Perinatal Hospice

A Virtue-Based Defense of Perinatal Hospice

Author: Aaron D. Cobb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351244459

Category: Medical

Page: 200

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Perinatal hospice is a novel form of care for an unborn child who has been diagnosed with a significantly life-limiting condition. In this book, Aaron D. Cobb develops a virtue-based defense of the value of perinatal hospice. He characterizes its promotion and provision as a common project of individuals, local communities, and institutions working together to provide exemplary care. Engaging with important themes from the work of Alasdair MacIntyre and Robert Adams, he shows how perinatal hospice manifests virtues crucial to meeting the needs of families in these difficult circumstances. As a work of applied virtue ethics, this book has important normative, social, and political implications for the creation and development of structured programs of care. It grounds the view that communities ought (i) to devote resources to ensure that these programs are widely available and (ii) to develop social structures that promote awareness of and accessibility to these forms of care. A Virtue-Based Defense of Perinatal Hospice will be of interest to philosophers working in bioethics and applied virtue ethics, as well as scholars in the fields of neonatology, nursing, palliative and hospice care, and counseling who are interested in the study of perinatal hospice.

The Moral Psychology of Compassion

The Moral Psychology of Compassion

Author: Justin Caouette

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781786604200

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 707

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Compassion is widely regarded as an important moral emotion – a fitting response to various cases of suffering and misfortune. Yet contemporary theorists have rarely given it sustained attention. This volume aims to fill this gap by offering answers to a number of questions surrounding this emotion.

Agency, Pregnancy and Persons

Agency, Pregnancy and Persons

Author: Nicholas Colgrove

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000622904

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 529

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This book provides extensive and critical engagement with some of the most recent and compelling arguments favoring abortion choice. It features original essays from leading and emerging philosophers, bioethicists and medical professionals that present philosophically sophisticated and novel arguments against abortion choice. The chapters in this book are divided into three thematic sections. The first set of essays focuses primarily on unborn human individuals—zygotes, embryos and fetuses. In these chapters it is argued, for example, that human organisms begin to exist at conception and that zygotes, embryos and fetuses are persons. These chapters also explore questions about whether or not zygotes, embryos and fetuses are part of their mothers’ bodies. The second set of essays focuses primarily on elective abortion and the debates surrounding it. These chapters consider whether or not opponents of abortion are commonly hypocritical, how opponents of abortion should think about adoption, how emerging technologies may affect the current debate and whether or not those participating in the debate should rely on analogies to support their case. Finally, the third set of essays shifts focus from the legal and moral status of elective abortion to its place in medical practice. In these chapters it is argued that elective abortion embodies a kind of ableism, and that elective abortion is medically unnecessary, harmful to women’s mental health and that telemedicine abortion poses significant risks to women’s health. Agency, Pregnancy and Persons offers an up-to-date examination of unborn human beings, the debates surrounding elective abortion and the place of elective abortion within medical practice. It will be of interest to medical professionals and those who work in philosophy, bioethics and medical ethics alike.

The Limits of Parental Authority

The Limits of Parental Authority

Author: Johan C. Bester

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000530681

Category: Philosophy

Page: 210

View: 745

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This book offers a novel theory of childhood well-being as a social good. It re-examines our fundamental assumptions about parenting, parental authority, and a liberal society’s role in the raising of children. The author defends the idea that the good of a child is inexorably linked to the good of society. He identifies and critiques the problematic assumption that parenting is an extension of individual liberty and shows how we run into problems in medical decision-making for children because of this assumption. He develops an objective conception of what is good for a child in a liberal society, drawing on the assumptions of liberty, and from here constructs a set of things that society and its members owe children. There are ways in which society should support and intervene in parental decisions to guarantee a child’s well-being. Ultimately, raising children is a social activity that requires input from society. The author then applies this theory of childhood well-being to develop a framework for medical decision-making for children. He also uses practical examples, such as vaccinations, parental leave, and healthcare access, to demonstrate the implications of his theory for public policy. The Limits of Parental Authority: Childhood Wellbeing as a Social Good will be of interest to practitioners, scholars, and advanced students working in bioethics, political philosophy, and public health policy.

Bloody Bioethics

Bloody Bioethics

Author: James Stacey Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000553864

Category: Philosophy

Page: 204

View: 269

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This is the first book to argue in favor of paying people for their blood plasma. It does not merely argue that offering compensation to plasma donors is morally permissible. It argues that prohibiting donor compensation is morally wrong—and that it is morally wrong for all of the reasons that are offered against allowing donor compensation. Opponents of donor compensation claim that it will reduce the amount and quality of plasma obtained, exploit and coerce donors, and undermine social cohesion. James Stacey Taylor argues that empirical evidence demonstrates that compensating plasma donors greatly increases the amount of plasma obtained with no adverse effects on the quality of the pharmaceutical products that are manufactured from it. Prohibiting compensation thus harms patients by reducing their access to the medicines they need. He also argues that it is the prohibition of compensation—not its offer—that exploits donors, fails to respect the moral need to secure a person’s authoritative consent to her treatment, and prevents donors from giving their informed consent to donate. Prohibiting compensation thus not only harms patients but also wrongs donors. Bloody Bioethics will appeal to researchers, advanced students, and medical professionals interested in bioethics, moral philosophy, and the moral limits of markets.

A New Theory of Conscientious Objection in Medicine

A New Theory of Conscientious Objection in Medicine

Author: Robert F. Card

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000066951

Category: Philosophy

Page: 268

View: 382

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This book argues that a conscientiously objecting medical professional should receive an exemption only if the grounds of an objector’s refusal are reasonable. It defends a detailed, contextual account of public reasonability suited for healthcare, which builds from the overarching concept of Rawlsian public reason. The author analyzes the main competing positions and maintains that these other views fail precisely due to their systematic inattention to the grounding reasons behind a conscientious objection; he argues that any such view is plausible to the extent that it mimics the ‘reason-giving requirement’ for conscience objections defended in this work. Only reasonable objections can defeat the prior professional obligation to assign primacy to patient well-being, therefore one who refuses a patient’s request for a legally available, medically indicated, and safe service must be able to explain the grounds of their objection in terms understandable to other citizens within the public institutional structure of medicine. The book further offers a novel policy proposal to deploy the Reasonability View: establishing conscientious objector status in medicine. It concludes that the Reasonability View is a viable and attractive position in this debate. A New Theory of Conscientious Objection in Medicine: Justification and Reasonability will be of interest to researchers and advanced students working in bioethics, medical ethics, and philosophy of medicine, as well as thinkers interested in the intersections between law, medical humanities, and philosophy.

Nietzsches Wissenschaftsphilosophie

Nietzsches Wissenschaftsphilosophie

Author: Helmut Heit

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3112204387

Category: Philosophy

Page: 551

View: 713

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Nietzsche s philosophical analysis of our culture has had more consequences than most others. In these writings Nietzsche focused his attention particularly on the validity and effect of scientific endeavour. Science in its classical sense encompassing natural and social sciences, philosophy and the arts is seen as a cultural discipline central to modern human life, but one that is problematic and has far-reaching consequences. This volume is the first to bring together Nietzsche scholars and philosophers of science from all over the world to focus upon the problem of science."

Mensch und Tier in der Antike

Mensch und Tier in der Antike

Author: Annetta Alexandridis

Publisher: Reichert Verlag

ISBN: UOM:39015079267541

Category: History

Page: 596

View: 983

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English summary: These conference proceedings explore the encounter of human and animal nature from a philological, historical and archaeological perspective in areas such as the body, myth, religion and cult, politics and philosophy. Ancient texts and images present a broad variety of approaches to the question of how, if at all, to define the boundaries between both species. At the same time it becomes evident, how strongly the conception of both humans and animals were shaped by anthropomorphism, so that a distinction between both is in the end impossible. German description: Dieser Kongressband untersucht aus philologischer, historischer und archaologischer Perspektive verschiedene Bereiche der Antike, in denen Mensch und Tier, oder auch menschliche und tierische Naturen, aufeinandertreffen. Antike Texte und Bilder aus Religion und Kult, Mythos, Politik und Philosophie zeigen ein weites Spektrum an Moglichkeiten, wie die Grenzen zwischen Mensch und Tier gezogen oder aber auch aufgelost werden konnen. Die Vorstellungen, die sich in Sprache, Texten und Bildern manifestierten, sind allerdings so stark von Anthropomorphismus gepragt, dass eine konzeptionelle Trennung von Mensch und Tier kaum moglich ist.