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An Interpretation of Karol Wojtyla's Phenomenology in His Philosophical Anthropology and Ethics

An Interpretation of Karol Wojtyla's Phenomenology in His Philosophical Anthropology and Ethics

Author: Peter Emmanuel A. Mara

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:989427713

Category:

Page: 242

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This study delves on the latently infused system and method of phenomenology in the entire philosophy of Karol Wojtyla, specifically attuned to his Philosophical Anthropology and Ethics. Generally, this study aims to answer the problem : what are the phenomenological elements and principles that Wojtyla appropriated in his Ethics and Philosophical Anthropology. The researcher uses exposition, pure textual interpretation and analysis of Wojtyla's writings. In Wojtyla's discussion of his Philosophical Anthropology, hismain concern is to come up with a distinct understanding of the human person as revealed by deliberate human action. For him, human action reveals the person. The human person is able to affirm his personhood in the dynamic experience of his actions. Human action brings forth the full understanding of oneself for it posits further ones own consciousness, subjectivity, efficacy, self-determination, self-fulfillment, transcendence, self-integration, and participation. Although a new discourse, this study attempts to set forth the ethical thoughts of Wojtyla, which rests primarily on his assessment on the emerging issues and problems on ethics during his time, e.g. the roles of reason and will, experience, act, morality, etc. For Wojtyla, ethics needs a reasessment as a scientific discipline. It needs to regain its credibility by setting forth a homogenous point of departure, which is experience (of morality). Positing this experiential point of departure in ethics prevents a relativistic and sporadic approach of inquiry. Thus, the heterogeneity in ethics brought about by the empirical-inductive science such as psychology and sociology is put to an end. From these anthropological and ethical thoughts of Wojtyla, this study proceeds further by elucidating the phenomenological concepts and elements that constitute the core of his philosophy. This study finds the use of phenomenology at the centerfold of Wojtyla's philosophical itinerary. Phenomenology is used by Wojtyla to enable the human being to be immersed in his inward character and discover various aspects that are only possible if they are lived in experience, which are thereby geared towards the further revelation of the reality of the human person. The following phenomenological principles are : consciousness, lived-experience, human subjectivity, efficacy, self-determination, slef-fulfillment, transcendence, participation and morality. This study finds the philosophy of Wojtyla embodying a critique of the traditional and contemporary thought. It bespeaks of the usage and limitations of both metaphysics and phenomenology. On the one hand, there are domains of human reality where phenomenology can function and certain portions where it cannot be applied; on the other hand, the same goes with metaphysics, which is traditionally conceived as the all-encompassing discipline. For Wojtyla, there is not one method in philosophy that has the monopoly as far as the human being is concerned. Metaphysics and phenomenology should help each other in coming up with an integral view of the human being.

A Rereading of Aristotle's Phronesis in en 11400a25-1140b30 Through the Lens of Karol Wojtyla's Philosophical Anthropology

A Rereading of Aristotle's Phronesis in en 11400a25-1140b30 Through the Lens of Karol Wojtyla's Philosophical Anthropology

Author: Bai Jianmin

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:989471973

Category:

Page: 127

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Philosophy is realistic and essential. In studying all being as real and pursuing truth in its sublime vocation, philosophy always reflects on the reality and relates to it from the viewpoint of the human existence and meaning. Thus philosophy is always relational and humanistic. Indeed, knowledge concerning the human person and his existence as the most interesting and the most profound of all the topics of all times. In the philosophy of Karol Wojtyla, the theme of human person is an ever recurring theme and richly absorbing topic. As a personalistic philosopher, Wojtyla's main contributions to philosophy are his writings on philosophical anthropology and ethics, products of harmonious combination of Aristotelian- thomistic thought and realistic phenomenology. For Wojtyla, there is close correlation between person and action, between philosophical anthropology and ethics. On the other hand an action not only primarily presupposses the person but the action itself contains moral value as its essential character, goodness or badness. On the otherhand, "action constitute the specific moment whereby the person is revealed. Action gives the best insight into the inhherent essence of the person and allows us to understand the person more fully." Our knowledge of a person is fundamentally the basis of the actions of the person. For Aristotle as well as for Wojtyla, ethics aims not at the knowledge per se, but always concerns itself with man and his human activity on account of knowledge. At the same time a person is known also through his action. In Nicomachean Ethics, human practical reason or prudence is guide in desiring, deliberating and acting in particular circumstances. Thus the virtue of phronesis, as a human act, occupies an essentially an important place in Aristotle's ethics. Phronoses is the link which dynamically connect the mind and action, which enables theoretical principles to be applied in concrete situations. Moreover, phronesis, also integrates, directs and perfects other virtues. In this sense, Aristotle asserts that one cannot be fully good without phronesis, or prudent without virtue of character. The aim of this study is to reread Aristotle's phronesis through the lense of Wojtyla's philosophical anthropology. Though the influence of Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition is tremendous, Wojtyla develops more fully the existensial and concrete dynamism of human subjectivity through the interpretation of lived experience and phenomenology, which according to Wojtyla, is insufficiently treated in traditional Aristotelian anthropology. Thus this thesis would be primariy anthropological but endowed with ethical implications, through a reinterpretation and analysis of the Aristotelian virtue of phronesis. In the other words the saying of Wojtyla that "Action reveals the person" and "Actions have moral value" are employed to understand the dynamic unity of the human person. Although fully human activity appears only at a certain stage of human development, I shall be considering the normally developed human person in this study. Moreover the study also hopes to reflect and unravel the relevance and importance of the Aristotelian phronesis in today's world.

At the Center of the Human Drama

At the Center of the Human Drama

Author: Kenneth L. Schmitz

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 0813207800

Category: Philosophy

Page: 170

View: 357

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Arguably one of the most influential men in the world today, Pope John Paul II presents a somewhat enigmatic figure because there are few works available that examine his philosophical thought. That gap is filled by this truly seminal and engaging study, in which Kenneth L. Schmitz examines the writings of Karol Wojtyla, from his early dramas to his later theological works. Wojtyla's primary philosophical interest lies in the field of ethics, but Schmitz also points out that Wojtyla's interest is worked out in the context of an understanding of the nature and destiny of human beings. Relying upon many translations (some not available in English) of Wojtyla's work, Schmitz locates Wojtyla's philosophy of human nature in the broad tradition of Christian personalism. More importantly, perhaps, Schmitz shows that Wojtyla relied upon phenomenological methodology to explore the inner region of human experience while endorsing the general lines of traditional metaphysics as represented in the work of the great philosophers of the Middle Ages. Finding that a coherent philosophical view is present throughout much of Wojtyla's work, Schmitz also discovers that Wojtyla's sensitivity to both modern and ancient thought and culture was already vividly present in his work as a young student in Cracow. As Pope John Paul II continues to make his mark in the history of the Roman Catholic Church and of the world, this book will prove invaluable to philosophers, theologians, and the educated reader who wishes learn more about his thought.

Persons and Liberal Democracy

Persons and Liberal Democracy

Author: Edward Barrett

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781461634003

Category: Philosophy

Page: 158

View: 925

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Moving from an historical analysis of the Catholic Church's gradual endorsement of liberal democracy to an explication of the ethical and political thought of Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II, Persons and Liberal Democracy concisely explains the relatively recent shift in the Church's political theory and, in the process, defends what could be deemed a non-statist form of welfare liberalism. This book offers a systematic account of John Paul's philosophical and theological ethics and their relationship to the key elements of his political thought and then brings this thought into conversation with some important strands of Christian and secular political theory deliberating the nature and legitimacy of liberalism.

Karol Wojtyla's Personalist Philosophy

Karol Wojtyla's Personalist Philosophy

Author: Miguel Acosta

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 9780813228570

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

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This work provides a clear guide to Karol Wojtyla's principal philosophical work, Person and Act, rigorously analyzing the meaning that the author intended in his exposition. An important feature of the work is that the authors rely on the original Polish text, Osoba i czyn, as well as the best translations into Italian and Spanish, rather than on a flawed and sometimes misleading English edition of the work.

The Vision of John Paul II

The Vision of John Paul II

Author: Gerard Mannion

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 081465309X

Category: Religion

Page: 287

View: 791

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The Vision of John Paul II assesses the writings, work, and ecclesial Vision of this long-serving pontiff. Moving beyond the scope of so many other books on John Paul II, this volume seeks to fill a gap by focusing on his lasting influence on pressing issues facing the church today: social justice, women's roles, collegiality, ecumenism, and interreligious dialogue. Readers will appreciate the contributions of internationally known and respected scholars: ' Michael Walsh ' Ronald Modras ' Paul McPartlan ' Gerard Mannion ' Judith Merkle ' Jim Voiss ' Charles E. Curran ' Mario I. Aguilar ' Susan Rakoczy ' Paul Lakeland ' Gemma Simmonds ' Raymond G. Helmick ' Peter Phan This accessibly written volume allows readers to engage with a variety of viewpoints and to understand the ways in which the legacy of John Paul II continues to impact today's church. Gerard Mannion serves as chair of the Ecclesiological Investigations International Research Network and is presently a Visiting Senior Fellow of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium. The founding director of the Centre for the Study of Contemporary Ecclesiology, he is also cochair of the Ecclesiology Program Group of the American Academy of Religion. His most recent publications include Ecclesiology and Postmodernity: Questions for the Church in Our Time (Liturgical Press, 2007) and The Routledge Companion to the Christian Church (2007, ed. with Lewis Mudge).

Edith Stein and the Body-soul-spirit at the Center of Holistic Formation

Edith Stein and the Body-soul-spirit at the Center of Holistic Formation

Author: Marian Maskulak

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 0820495395

Category: Religion

Page: 229

View: 400

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With a particular emphasis on the soul, this book explores Edith Stein's holistic conception of the human being's body-soul-spirit unity, which forms the foundation of her Christian anthropology and her view of human formation. Characterized by an unremitting attention to interconnections, Stein emerges as a forerunner of contemporary holistic approaches. Edith Stein and the Body-Soul-Spirit at the Center of Holistic Formation demonstrates the breadth and relevance of Stein's work by engaging her thought with the anthropological views of fellow phenomenologist John Paul II, Wilkie Au's perspectives on holistic spirituality and formation, and several nonreductionist, neuroscientific viewpoints of the human being. This book also makes available to the English reader a significant amount of material from Stein's untranslated works. Anyone interested in theological anthropology, holistic spirituality, human formation, the body-mind question, or Edith Stein studies will benefit from the wealth of material presented in this single book.

The Encyclicals of John Paul II

The Encyclicals of John Paul II

Author: Richard A. Spinello

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442219410

Category: Electronic books

Page: 266

View: 975

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This is the first book to focus in depth on Pope John Paul II s fourteen encyclicals, through which he communicated many of the key themes of his papacy. The first part of the book provides helpful background information on the pope s life and teachings, while the second part of the book comprehensively discusses the encyclicals."

Karol Wojtyla

Karol Wojtyla

Author: Rocco Buttiglione

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802838480

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 944

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Written by one of Pope John Paul II's closest friends and counselors, this intellectual biography is the standard work for all who want to understand John Paul's philosopical mind .

The Legacy of John Paul II

The Legacy of John Paul II

Author: Tim Perry

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 9780830825950

Category: Religion

Page: 327

View: 631

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- Redemptoris missio, into all the world / Terrance L. Tiessen.