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Autonomy, Rationality, and Contemporary Bioethics

Autonomy, Rationality, and Contemporary Bioethics

Author: Jonathan Pugh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198858584

Category: Law

Page: 298

View: 500

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Personal autonomy is often lauded as a key value in contemporary Western bioethics, and the claim that there is an important relationship between autonomy and rationality is often treated as an uncontroversial claim in this sphere. Yet, there is also considerable disagreement about how we should cash out the relationship between rationality and autonomy. In particular, it is unclear whether a rationalist view of autonomy can be compatible with legal judgments that enshrine a patient's right to refuse medical treatment, regardless of whether ". . . the reasons for making the choice are rational, irrational, unknown or even non-existent". In this book, I bring recent philosophical work on the nature of rationality to bear on the question of how we should understand autonomy in contemporary bioethics. In doing so, I develop a new framework for thinking about the concept, one that is grounded in an understanding of the different roles that rational beliefs and rational desires have to play in personal autonomy. Furthermore, the account outlined here allows for a deeper understanding of different form of controlling influence, and the relationship between our freedom to act, and our capacity to decide autonomously. I contrast my rationalist with other prominent accounts of autonomy in bioethics, and outline the revisionary implications it has for various practical questions in bioethics in which autonomy is a salient concern, including questions about the nature of informed consent and decision-making capacity.

Medical Law and Ethics

Medical Law and Ethics

Author: Jonathan Herring

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192856562

Category: Medical ethics

Page: 729

View: 976

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Medical Law and Ethics covers the core legal principles, key cases, and statutes that govern medical law alongside the key ethical debates and dilemmas that exist in the field. Carefully constructed features highlight these debates, drawing out the European angles, religious beliefs, and feminist perspectives which influence legal regulations. Other features such as 'a shock to the system', 'public opinion' and 'reality check' introduce further socio-legal discussion and contribute to the lively and engaging manner in which the subject is approached. Digital formats and resources The ninth edition is available for students and institutions to purchase in a variety of formats, and is supported by online resources. · The e-book offers a mobile experience and convenient access along with functionality tools, navigation features and links that offer extra learning support: www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/ebooks · The online resources include: complete bibliography and list of further reading; links to key cases; a video from the author which introduces the book; links to key sites with information on medical law and ethics; and answer guidance to one question per chapter.

The Ethics of Human Enhancement

The Ethics of Human Enhancement

Author: Steve Clarke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191070976

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 173

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We humans can enhance some of our mental and physical abilities above the normal upper limits for our species with the use of particular drug therapies and medical procedures. We will be able to enhance many more of our abilities in more ways in the near future. Some commentators have welcomed the prospect of wide use of human enhancement technologies, while others have viewed it with alarm, and have made clear that they find human enhancement morally objectionable. The Ethics of Human Enhancement examines whether the reactions can be supported by articulated philosophical reasoning, or perhaps explained in terms of psychological influences on moral reasoning. An international team of ethicists refresh the debate with new ideas and arguments, making connections with scientific research and with related issues in moral philosophy.

Non-Invasive Monitoring of Elderly Persons

Non-Invasive Monitoring of Elderly Persons

Author: Jakub Wagner

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030960094

Category: Biomedical engineering

Page: 312

View: 332

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This book covers the results of a study concerning systems for healthcare-oriented monitoring of elderly persons. It is focused on the methods for processing data from impulse-radar sensors and depth sensors, aimed at localisation of monitored persons and estimation of selected quantities informative from the healthcare point of view. It includes mathematical descriptions of the considered methods, as well as the corresponding algorithms and the results of their testing in a real-world context. Moreover, it explains the motivations for developing healthcare-oriented monitoring systems and specifies the real-world needs which may be addressed by such systems. The healthcare systems, all over the world, are confronted with challenges implied by the ageing of population and the lack of adequate recruitment of healthcare professionals. Those challenges can be met by developing new technologies aimed at improving the quality of life of elderly people and at increasing the efficiency of public health management. Monitoring systems may contribute to this strategy by providing information on the evolving health status of independently-living elderly persons, enabling healthcare personnel to quickly react to dangerous events. Although these facts are generally acknowledged, such systems are not yet being commonly used in healthcare facilities and households. This may be explained by the difficulties related to the development of technological solutions which can be both acceptable for monitored persons and capable of providing healthcare personnel with useful information. The impulse-radar sensors and depth sensors, considered in this book, have a potential for overcoming those difficulties since they are not cumbersome for the monitored persons -- if compared to wearable sensors -- and do not violate the monitored person's privacy -- if compared to video cameras. Since for safety reasons the level of power, emitted by the radar sensors, must be ultra-low, the task of detection and processing of signals is a research challenge which requires more sophisticated methods than those developed for other radar applications. This book contains descriptions of new Bayesian methods, applicable for the localisation of persons by means of impulse-radar sensors, and an exhaustive review of previously published ones. Furthermore, the methods for denoising, regularised numerical differentiation and fusion of data from impulse-radar sensors and depth sensors are systematically reviewed in this book. On top of that, the results of experiments aimed at comparing the performance of various data-processing methods, which may serve as guidelines for related future projects, are presented.

Coercive Brain-Reading in Criminal Justice

Coercive Brain-Reading in Criminal Justice

Author: Sjors Ligthart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009252430

Category: Law

Page: 309

View: 123

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This book examines the legal boundaries of non-consensual brain-reading in criminal justice. Focusing on human rights such as privacy and freedom of thought and expression, the book informs lawyers and ethicists debating the legal implications of emerging neurotechnology and advises policymakers and judges in specifying the law to neurotechnology.

Nutrition and the Cancer Patient

Nutrition and the Cancer Patient

Author: Egidio Del Fabbro

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199550197

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 535

View: 920

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This comprehensive reference book provides both background information and practical, clinical advice on all areas of nutrition for the cancer patient at all stages of their disease trajectory.

Heidegger's Metaphysical Abyss

Heidegger's Metaphysical Abyss

Author: Elizabeth Cykowski

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198865407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 207

View: 245

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Beth Cykowski offers a fresh reading of Heidegger's discussions of animality, arguing that they point beyond received dualisms back to a more essential way of philosophising about life and the relationship to it of the human. His exploration of animality raises deep questions about the status of the human within nature.

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Author: Tom L. Beauchamp

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015014480605

Category: Bioéthique

Page: 655

View: 952

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Now in its third edition, this extensive anthology continues to feature a wide range of contemporary ethical and social issues in the biomedical field. Contrasting views of all major bioethical subjects are presented in an easy to read format by medical, ethical and legal experts.

(Re)interpretations

(Re)interpretations

Author: Lisa Dresdner

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub

ISBN: UOM:39015079338060

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 593

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Patriarchal institutions govern all aspects of womenâ (TM)s lives: their minds, their bodies, and their souls. Additionally, they govern the ways in which women are perceived by others and the ways in which women perceive themselves. (Re) Interpretations: The Shapes of Justice in Womenâ (TM)s Experience, is a collection of essays on language, religion, war, sex trafficking, and medicineâ "the patriarchal structures that form the basis of western society and, thus, are in many ways inherently unjust. The essays illustrate the multitude of ways that women have found to work within and without these structures to create justice. Traditional theories of justice cast it as a cardinal virtue, unbiased and impartial. The essays in this book, however, remove justice from the abstract and return it to the specific: most of the essays use personal narratives to highlight the connections all people share. The women discussed here are challenging the authority of existing patriarchal narratives by telling their versions, and, thus, calling attention to and challenging their own political and social realities. Reflecting a focus on global connectedness and interdisciplinarity, the writers of these essays aim not only to raise questions, but also to show ways in which women are creating new pathways for themselves. Only by exploring solutions will women reclaim justice. From L.A. to Zimbwabe, women have stories to tell about their experiences of justice in the inherently patriarchal institutions of Language, Religion, War, Sex Trafficking, and Medicine. This relevant and thought-provoking collection captures the trials that women across the world face and the hope they create through their courageous actions. Through both personal narrative and factual overview, these essays emphasize that as people committed to justice, women must not simply raise the questions, but they must also explore solutions in order to reclaim justice for themselves, their daughters, their sisters, and their mothers. Contributors: Yifat Bitton, Stephany Ryan Cate, Jo Scott-Coe, Susan Dewey, Carmela Epright, Carmen Faymonville, Adam Gaynor, Pauline Greenhill, Denise Handlarski, Alison Jobe, Marc J.W. de Jong, Jodie M. Lawston, Jody Lisberger, Kristy Maher, Susan Maloney, Mickias Musiyiwa, Ruben Murillo, Annemarie Profanter, Natalie Wilson, and J. Carter Wood.

Feminist Bioethics

Feminist Bioethics

Author: Jackie Leach Scully

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076002862857

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 330

View: 175

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The essays collected here explore the relation of feminist bioethics to mainstream bioethical thought and practice. From publisher description.