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Autonomy and Regulation

Autonomy and Regulation

Author: Tom Christensen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781956227

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 829

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This book focuses on regulatory reforms and the autonomization and agencification of public sector organizations across Europe, Canada, New Zealand and Australia. The central argument of the book is that regulation and agencification occur and perform in tandem. Comparative analysis on the processes, effects and implications of regulatory reform and the establishment of semi-independent agencies are undertaken, and the practice of trade-offs between political control and agency autonomy is explored. The contributors also discuss the challenges of fragmentation, coordination, 'joined-up' government and other government initiatives in the aftermath of the New Public Management movement and its focus on agencification. Finally, the complexity of deregulation/re-regulation, new emergent forms of regulation, control and auditing as well as reassertion of the centre are examined. Until now, there has been little attempt to link the study on regulation and regulatory reforms with that of autonomous central agencies. In this book the two fields are brought together. Autonomy and Regulation will find its audience amongst scholars and researchers working in the areas of political science, public administration and public management, organization theory, institutional analyses and comparative administration. It will also appeal to scholars and those directly involved in public sector and regulatory reforms including politicians and managers.

Autonomy in the Law

Autonomy in the Law

Author: Mortimer Sellers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402064896

Category: Law

Page: 184

View: 443

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By juxtaposing European and American concepts of autonomy in the law as they are applied to families, capital punishment and criminal trials, authors reveal the common values that justify all legal systems. This book sheds new light on the fundamental purpose of law by examining how European and American lawyers, judges, and citizens actually apply and should apply legal autonomy to litigation, legislation, and the law itself.

Personal Autonomy, the Private Sphere and Criminal Law

Personal Autonomy, the Private Sphere and Criminal Law

Author: Peter Alldridge

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 9781901362824

Category: Law

Page: 301

View: 528

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This study compares legal cultures and underlying assumptions about privacy, personal autonomy, and justifications for state intervention in individual behavior through criminal law, focusing primarily on England, Wales, and continental Europe. In theory , at least, Europeans increasingly share a common culture of basic individual rights and of standards against which to measure the legitimacy of state interference with them, as expressed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. At the same time, the development of a supra-national economic and social order is pushing national criminal justice systems further toward a shared instrumentalist perception of criminal law. Distributed by ISBS. c. Book News Inc.

Struggling for Autonomy in Language Education

Struggling for Autonomy in Language Education

Author: Flávia Vieira

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3631580398

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 784

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Pedagogy for autonomy is a continuous struggle for transformative and empowering education. That struggle entails reflecting on what fosters or hinders teacher and learner development, acting towards challenging and reshaping oppressive forces and circumstances, and being willing to deal with complexity, uncertainty and risk-taking, without losing one's hopes and ideals. Our main purpose is to present and discuss ways in which critical reflecting, acting, and being emerge in contexts of teaching and/or teacher education, not as realisations of a grand theory of pedagogy for autonomy, but rather as local, idiosyncratic struggles to grasp and enhance the meanings that autonomy may (not) take in diverse educational settings. Although from different angles, the chapters highlight the central role of teacher and learner development as interrelated aspects of pedagogy for autonomy in language education.

Autonomy

Autonomy

Author: Paula Banerjee

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781843317432

Category: Philosophy

Page: 297

View: 945

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A critical attempt to understand autonomy from both historical and analytical perspectives.

Relational Autonomy

Relational Autonomy

Author: Catriona Mackenzie

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195123333

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 100

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These essays explore the social and relational dimensions of individual autonomy. Rejecting the feminist charge that autonomy is inherently masculinist, the contributors draw on feminist critiques of autonomy to challenge philosophical debates about agency, identity, and moral responsibility.

Autonomy Oriented Computing

Autonomy Oriented Computing

Author: Jiming Liu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402081224

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 384

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Autonomy Oriented Computing is a comprehensive reference for scientists, engineers, and other professionals concerned with this promising development in computer science. It can also be used as a text in graduate/undergraduate programs in a broad range of computer-related disciplines, including Robotics and Automation, Amorphous Computing, Image Processing, Programming Paradigms, Computational Biology, etc. Part One describes the basic concepts and characteristics of an AOC system and enumerates the critical design and engineering issues faced in AOC system development. Part Two gives detailed analyses of methodologies and case studies to evaluate AOC used in problem solving and complex system modeling. The final chapter outlines possibilities for future research and development. Numerous illustrative examples, experimental case studies, and exercises at the end of each chapter of Autonomy Oriented Computing help particularize and consolidate the methodologies and theories presented.

Kant on Moral Autonomy

Kant on Moral Autonomy

Author: Oliver Sensen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139851381

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 641

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The concept of autonomy is one of Kant's central legacies for contemporary moral thought. We often invoke autonomy as both a moral ideal and a human right, especially a right to determine oneself independently of foreign determinants; indeed, to violate a person's autonomy is considered to be a serious moral offence. Yet while contemporary philosophy claims Kant as the originator of its notion of autonomy, Kant's own conception of the term seems to differ in important respects from our present-day interpretation. Kant on Moral Autonomy brings together a distinguished group of scholars who explore the following questions: what is Kant's conception of autonomy? What is its history and its influence on contemporary conceptions? And what is its moral significance? Their essays will be of interest both to scholars and students working on Kantian moral philosophy and to anyone interested in the subject of autonomy.

Autonomy, Rationality, and Contemporary Bioethics

Autonomy, Rationality, and Contemporary Bioethics

Author: Jonathan Pugh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191899393

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 285

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This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. Personal autonomy is often lauded as a key value in contemporary Western bioethics. Though the claim that there is an important relationship between autonomy and rationality is often treated as uncontroversial in this sphere, there is also considerable disagreement about how we should cash out the relationship. In particular, it is unclear whether a rationalist view of autonomy can be compatible with legal judgments that enshrine a patient's right to refuse medical treatment, regardless of whether the reasons underpinning the choice are known and rational, or indeed whether they even exist. Jonathan Pugh brings recent philosophical work on the nature of rationality to bear on the question of how we should understand personal autonomy in contemporary bioethics. In doing so, he develops a new framework for thinking about the concept of autonomy, one that is grounded in an understanding of the different roles that rational beliefs and rational desires have to play in it. Pugh's account allows for a deeper understanding of d the relationship between our freedom to act and our capacity to decide autonomously. His rationalist perspective is contrasted with other prominent accounts of autonomy in bioethics, and the revisionary implications it has for practical questions in biomedicine are also outlined.

Teaching and Researching: Autonomy in Language Learning

Teaching and Researching: Autonomy in Language Learning

Author: Phil Benson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317862857

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 653

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Autonomy has become a keyword of language policy in education systems around the world, as the importance of independent learning and new technologies has grown. Now in a fully revised and updated second edition, Teaching and Researching Autonomy provides an accessible and comprehensive critical account of the theory and practice of autonomy. Examining the history of the concept, it addresses important questions of how we can identify autonomy in language learning behaviours and how we can evaluate the wide variety of educational practices that have been designed to foster autonomy in learning. Topics new to this edition include: - Autonomy and new technologies - Teacher autonomy - The sociocultural implications of autonomy With over three hundred new references and five new case studies of research on autonomy providing practical advice on research methods and topics in the field, Teaching and Researching Autonomy will be an essential introduction for teachers and students to a subject at the cutting edge of language teaching and research.