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Benchmarking the Competitiveness of the United States in Mechanical Engineering Basic Research

Benchmarking the Competitiveness of the United States in Mechanical Engineering Basic Research

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309114264

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 119

View: 759

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Mechanical engineering is critical to the design, manufacture, and operation of small and large mechanical systems throughout the U.S. economy. This book highlights the main findings of a benchmarking exercise to rate the standing of U.S. mechanical engineering basic research relative to other regions or countries. The book includes key factors that influence U.S. performance in mechanical engineering research, and near- and longer-term projections of research leadership. U.S. leadership in mechanical engineering basic research overall will continue to be strong. Contributions of U.S. mechanical engineers to journal articles will increase, but so will the contributions from other growing economies such as China and India. At the same time, the supply of U.S. mechanical engineers is in jeopardy, because of declines in the number of U.S. citizens obtaining advanced degrees and uncertain prospects for continuing to attract foreign students. U.S. funding of mechanical engineering basic research and infrastructure will remain level, with strong leadership in emerging areas.

International Benchmarking of U.S. Chemical Engineering Research Competitiveness

International Benchmarking of U.S. Chemical Engineering Research Competitiveness

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309105378

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 530

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More than $400 billion worth of products rely on innovations in chemistry. Chemical engineering, as an academic discipline and profession, has enabled this achievement. In response to growing concerns about the future of the discipline, International Benchmarking of U.S. Chemical Engineering Research Competitiveness gauges the standing of the U.S. chemical engineering enterprise in the world. This in-depth benchmarking analysis is based on measures including numbers of published papers, citations, trends in degrees conferred, patent productivity, and awards. The book concludes that the United States is presently, and is expected to remain, among the world's leaders in all subareas of chemical engineering research. However, U.S. leadership in some classical and emerging subareas will be strongly challenged. This critical analysis will be of interest to practicing chemical engineers, professors and students in the discipline, economists, policy makers, major research university administrators, and executives in industries dependent upon innovations in chemistry.

An Introduction to Mechanical Engineering, SI Edition

An Introduction to Mechanical Engineering, SI Edition

Author: Jonathan Wickert

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781285401706

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 425

View: 349

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AN INTRODUCTION TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING introduces students to the ever-emerging field of mechanical engineering, giving an appreciation for how engineers design the hardware that builds and improves societies all around the world. Intended for students in their first or second year of a typical college or university program in mechanical engineering or a closely related field, the text balances the treatments of technical problem-solving skills, design, engineering analysis, and modern technology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Mechanical Engineering

An Introduction to Mechanical Engineering

Author: Jonathan Wickert

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781133709473

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 425

View: 471

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AN INTRODUCTION TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING introduces students to the ever-emerging field of mechanical engineering, giving an appreciation for how engineers design the hardware that builds and improves societies all around the world. Intended for students in their first or second year of a typical college or university program in mechanical engineering or a closely related field, the text balances the treatments of technical problem-solving skills, design, engineering analysis, and modern technology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Mechanical Engineering, Enhanced Edition

An Introduction to Mechanical Engineering, Enhanced Edition

Author: Jonathan Wickert

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780357382509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 99

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Discover today's fascinating, challenging, and constantly changing field of mechanical engineering with Wickert/Lewis' ENHANCED EDITION OF AN INTRODUCTION TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, 4th Edition. This engaging book helps you master technical problem-solving skills as you gain a balanced understanding of the latest design, engineering analysis, and advancements in engineering-related technology. The authors use their expertise to present engineering as a visual and graphical activity. Nearly 300 photographs and illustrations give you an exciting glimpse into what you will study in later courses and practice in your career. Meaningful content, interspersed with numerous real-world applications and interesting examples, helps you develop the solid foundation in mechanical engineering that you need for future success. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Review of NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program

Review of NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309119436

Category: Science

Page: 74

View: 545

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To meet the objectives of the Vision for Space Exploration (VSE), NASA must develop a wide array of enabling technologies. For this purpose, NASA established the Exploration Technology Development Program (ETDP). Currently, ETDP has 22 projects underway. In the report accompanying the House-passed version of the FY2007 appropriations bill, the agency was directed to request from the NRC an independent assessment of the ETDP. This interim report provides an assessment of each of the 22 projects including a quality rating, an analysis of how effectively the research is being carried out, and the degree to which the research is aligned with the VSE. To the extent possible, the identification and discussion of various cross-cutting issues are also presented. Those issues will be explored and discussed in more detail in the final report.

A Constrained Space Exploration Technology Program

A Constrained Space Exploration Technology Program

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309125833

Category: Science

Page: 154

View: 950

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In January 2004, President George W. Bush announced the Vision for Space Exploration (VSE), which instructed NASA to "Extend human presence across the solar system, starting with a human return to the Moon by the year 2020, in preparation for human exploration of Mars and other destinations," among other objectives. As acknowledged in the VSE, significant technology development will be necessary to accomplish the goals it articulates. NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program (ETDP) is designed to support, develop, and ultimately provide the necessary technologies to meet the goals of the VSE. This book, a review of the ETDP, is broadly supportive of the intent and goals of the VSE, and finds the ETDP is making progress towards the stated goals of technology development. However, the ETDP is operating within significant constraints which limit its ability to successfully accomplish those goals-the still dynamic nature of the Constellation Program requirements, the constraints imposed by a limited budget, the aggressive time scale of early technology deliverables, and the desire to fully employ the NASA workforce.

Review and Assessment of Developmental Issues Concerning the Metal Parts Treater Design for the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant

Review and Assessment of Developmental Issues Concerning the Metal Parts Treater Design for the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309115155

Category: Political Science

Page: 62

View: 815

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The United States is in the process of destroying its chemical weapons stockpile. In 1996, Congress mandated that DOD demonstrate and select alternative methods to incineration at the Blue Grass and Pueblo sites. The Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (ACWA) program was setup to oversee the development of these methods, and pilot plants were established at both sites. One of the new technologies being developed at the Blue Grass pilot plant are metal parts treaters (MPTs) to be used for the empty metal munitions cases. During recent testing, some issues arose with the MPTs that caused the ACWA to request a review by the NRC to investigate and determine their causes. This book presents a discussion of the MPT system; an assessment of the MPT testing activities; an analysis of thermal testing, modeling, and predicted throughput of the MPT; and an examination of the applicability of munitions treatment units under development at Pueblo for the Blue Grass pilot plant.

Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 1998

Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 1998

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264163447

Category:

Page: 296

View: 831

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Presents a discussion of recent trends and prospects in science, technology and industry, based on comparative indicators, such as output, investment and productivity, research and development (R&D), patent activity and innovation and knowledge flows.

Experiments in International Benchmarking of U.S. Research Fields

Experiments in International Benchmarking of U.S. Research Fields

Author: National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309172187

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 887

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How can the federal government gauge the overall health of scientific research--as a whole and in its parts--and determine whether national funding adequately supports national research objectives? It is feasible to monitor US performance with field-by-field peer assessments. This might be done through the establishment of independent panels consisting of researchers who work in a field, individuals who work in closely related fields, and research "users" who follow the field closely. Some of these individuals should be outstanding foreign scientists in the field being examined. This technique of comparative international assessments is also known as international benchmarking. Experiments in International Benchmarking of U.S. Research Fields evaluates the feasibility and utility of the benchmarking technique. In order to do this, the report internationally benchmarks three fields: mathematics, immunology, and materials science and engineering, then summarizes the results of these experiments.

The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research

The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309105330

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 868

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Chemistry plays a key role in conquering diseases, solving energy problems, addressing environmental problems, providing the discoveries that lead to new industries, and developing new materials and technologies for national defense and homeland security. However, the field is currently facing a crucial time of change and is struggling to position itself to meet the needs of the future as it expands beyond its traditional core toward areas related to biology, materials science, and nanotechnology. At the request of the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Research Council conducted an in-depth benchmarking analysis to gauge the current standing of the U.S. chemistry field in the world. The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges highlights the main findings of the benchmarking exercise.

Transport Benchmarking Methodologies, Applications and Data Needs

Transport Benchmarking Methodologies, Applications and Data Needs

Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264187832

Category:

Page: 208

View: 298

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This conference proceedings defines transport benchmarking, analyzes its usefulness to policy makers and discusses what lessons can be drawn at the national and international level for policy makers.