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Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology, Second Edition

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology, Second Edition

Author: Tapio O. Salmi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351778084

Category: Science

Page: 628

View: 648

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The role of the chemical reactor is crucial for the industrial conversion of raw materials into products and numerous factors must be considered when selecting an appropriate and efficient chemical reactor. Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology defines the qualitative aspects that affect the selection of an industrial chemical reactor and couples various reactor models to case-specific kinetic expressions for chemical processes. Thoroughly revised and updated, this much-anticipated Second Edition addresses the rapid academic and industrial development of chemical reaction engineering. Offering a systematic development of the chemical reaction engineering concept, this volume explores: essential stoichiometric, kinetic, and thermodynamic terms needed in the analysis of chemical reactors homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors reactor optimization aspects residence time distributions and non-ideal flow conditions in industrial reactors solutions of algebraic and ordinary differential equation systems gas- and liquid-phase diffusion coefficients and gas-film coefficients correlations for gas-liquid systems solubilities of gases in liquids guidelines for laboratory reactors and the estimation of kinetic parameters The authors pay special attention to the exact formulations and derivations of mass energy balances and their numerical solutions. Richly illustrated and containing exercises and solutions covering a number of processes, from oil refining to the development of specialty and fine chemicals, the text provides a clear understanding of chemical reactor analysis and design.

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology, Second Edition

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology, Second Edition

Author: Tapio O. Salmi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351778091

Category: Science

Page: 628

View: 978

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The role of the chemical reactor is crucial for the industrial conversion of raw materials into products and numerous factors must be considered when selecting an appropriate and efficient chemical reactor. Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology defines the qualitative aspects that affect the selection of an industrial chemical reactor and couples various reactor models to case-specific kinetic expressions for chemical processes. Thoroughly revised and updated, this much-anticipated Second Edition addresses the rapid academic and industrial development of chemical reaction engineering. Offering a systematic development of the chemical reaction engineering concept, this volume explores: essential stoichiometric, kinetic, and thermodynamic terms needed in the analysis of chemical reactors homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors reactor optimization aspects residence time distributions and non-ideal flow conditions in industrial reactors solutions of algebraic and ordinary differential equation systems gas- and liquid-phase diffusion coefficients and gas-film coefficients correlations for gas-liquid systems solubilities of gases in liquids guidelines for laboratory reactors and the estimation of kinetic parameters The authors pay special attention to the exact formulations and derivations of mass energy balances and their numerical solutions. Richly illustrated and containing exercises and solutions covering a number of processes, from oil refining to the development of specialty and fine chemicals, the text provides a clear understanding of chemical reactor analysis and design.

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology

Author: Tapio O. Salmi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420092691

Category: Science

Page: 644

View: 298

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The role of the chemical reactor is crucial for the industrial conversion of raw materials into products and numerous factors must be considered when selecting an appropriate and efficient chemical reactor. Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology defines the qualitative aspects that affect the selection of an industrial chemical reactor and couples various reactor models to case-specific kinetic expressions for chemical processes. Offering a systematic development of the chemical reaction engineering concept, this volume explores: Essential stoichiometric, kinetic, and thermodynamic terms needed in the analysis of chemical reactors Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors Residence time distributions and non-ideal flow conditions in industrial reactors Solutions of algebraic and ordinary differential equation systems Gas- and liquid-phase diffusion coefficients and gas-film coefficients Correlations for gas-liquid systems Solubilities of gases in liquids Guidelines for laboratory reactors and the estimation of kinetic parameters The authors pay special attention to the exact formulations and derivations of mass energy balances and their numerical solutions. Richly illustrated and containing exercises and solutions covering a number of processes, from oil refining to the development of specialty and fine chemicals, the text provides a clear understanding of chemical reactor analysis and design.

Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis, Second Edition

Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis, Second Edition

Author: R.E. Hayes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439867006

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 772

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Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis, Second Edition introduces the basic concepts of chemical reactor analysis and design, an important foundation for understanding chemical reactors, which play a central role in most industrial chemical plants. The scope of the second edition has been significantly enhanced and the content reorganized for improved pedagogical value, containing sufficient material to be used as a text for an undergraduate level two-term course. This edition also contains five new chapters on catalytic reaction engineering. Written so that newcomers to the field can easily progress through the topics, this text provides sufficient knowledge for readers to perform most of the common reaction engineering calculations required for a typical practicing engineer. The authors introduce kinetics, reactor types, and commonly used terms in the first chapter. Subsequent chapters cover a review of chemical engineering thermodynamics, mole balances in ideal reactors for three common reactor types, energy balances in ideal reactors, and chemical reaction kinetics. The text also presents an introduction to nonideal reactors, and explores kinetics and reactors in catalytic systems. The book assumes that readers have some knowledge of thermodynamics, numerical methods, heat transfer, and fluid flow. The authors include an appendix for numerical methods, which are essential to solving most realistic problems in chemical reaction engineering. They also provide numerous worked examples and additional problems in each chapter. Given the significant number of chemical engineers involved in chemical process plant operation at some point in their careers, this book offers essential training for interpreting chemical reactor performance and improving reactor operation. What’s New in This Edition: Five new chapters on catalytic reaction engineering, including various catalytic reactions and kinetics, transport processes, and experimental methods Expanded coverage of adsorption Additional worked problems Reorganized material

Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics and Reactor Design

Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics and Reactor Design

Author: Charles G. Hill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118797839

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 983

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The Second Edition features new problems that engage readers in contemporary reactor design Highly praised by instructors, students, and chemical engineers, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Reactor Design has been extensively revised and updated in this Second Edition. The text continues to offer a solid background in chemical reaction kinetics as well as in material and energy balances, preparing readers with the foundation necessary for success in the design of chemical reactors. Moreover, it reflects not only the basic engineering science, but also the mathematical tools used by today’s engineers to solve problems associated with the design of chemical reactors. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Reactor Design enables readers to progressively build their knowledge and skills by applying the laws of conservation of mass and energy to increasingly more difficult challenges in reactor design. The first one-third of the text emphasizes general principles of chemical reaction kinetics, setting the stage for the subsequent treatment of reactors intended to carry out homogeneous reactions, heterogeneous catalytic reactions, and biochemical transformations. Topics include: Thermodynamics of chemical reactions Determination of reaction rate expressions Elements of heterogeneous catalysis Basic concepts in reactor design and ideal reactor models Temperature and energy effects in chemical reactors Basic and applied aspects of biochemical transformations and bioreactors About 70% of the problems in this Second Edition are new. These problems, frequently based on articles culled from the research literature, help readers develop a solid understanding of the material. Many of these new problems also offer readers opportunities to use current software applications such as Mathcad and MATLAB®. By enabling readers to progressively build and apply their knowledge, the Second Edition of Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Reactor Design remains a premier text for students in chemical engineering and a valuable resource for practicing engineers.

Chemical Reactor Modeling

Chemical Reactor Modeling

Author: Hugo A. Jakobsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319050915

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1535

View: 878

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Chemical Reactor Modeling closes the gap between Chemical Reaction Engineering and Fluid Mechanics. The second edition consists of two volumes: Volume 1: Fundamentals. Volume 2: Chemical Engineering Applications In volume 1 most of the fundamental theory is presented. A few numerical model simulation application examples are given to elucidate the link between theory and applications. In volume 2 the chemical reactor equipment to be modeled are described. Several engineering models are introduced and discussed. A survey of the frequently used numerical methods, algorithms and schemes is provided. A few practical engineering applications of the modeling tools are presented and discussed. The working principles of several experimental techniques employed in order to get data for model validation are outlined. The monograph is based on lectures regularly taught in the fourth and fifth years graduate courses in transport phenomena and chemical reactor modeling and in a post graduate course in modern reactor modeling at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Trondheim, Norway. The objective of the book is to present the fundamentals of the single-fluid and multi-fluid models for the analysis of single and multiphase reactive flows in chemical reactors with a chemical reactor engineering rather than mathematical bias. Organized into 13 chapters, it combines theoretical aspects and practical applications and covers some of the recent research in several areas of chemical reactor engineering. This book contains a survey of the modern literature in the field of chemical reactor modeling.

Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering

Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering

Author: H. Scott Fogler

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780132317177

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 792

View: 638

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Learn Chemical Reaction Engineering through Reasoning, Not Memorization Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering is a complete yet concise, modern introduction to chemical reaction engineering for undergraduate students. While the classic Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Fourth Edition, is still available, H. Scott Fogler distilled that larger text into this volume of essential topics for undergraduate students. Fogler’s unique way of presenting the material helps students gain a deep, intuitive understanding of the field’s essentials through reasoning, not memorization. He especially focuses on important new energy and safety issues, ranging from solar and biomass applications to the avoidance of runaway reactions. Thoroughly classroom tested, this text reflects feedback from hundreds of students at the University of Michigan and other leading universities. It also provides new resources to help students discover how reactors behave in diverse situations. Coverage includes Crucial safety topics, including ammonium nitrate CSTR explosions, nitroaniline and T2 Laboratories batch reactor runaways, and SAChE/CCPS resources Greater emphasis on safety: following the recommendations of the Chemical Safety Board (CSB) 2 case studies from plant explosions and two homework problems which discuss another explosion. Solar energy conversions: chemical, thermal, and catalytic water spilling Algae production for biomass Mole balances: batch, continuous-flow, and industrial reactors Conversion and reactor sizing: design equations, reactors in series, and more Rate laws and stoichiometry Isothermal reactor design: conversion and molar flow rates Collection and analysis of rate data Multiple reactions: parallel, series, and complex reactions; membrane reactors; and more Reaction mechanisms, pathways, bioreactions, and bioreactors Catalysis and catalytic reactors Nonisothermal reactor design: steady-state energy balance and adiabatic PFR applications Steady-state nonisothermal reactor design: flow reactors with heat exchange

Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum

Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum

Author: Jorge Ancheyta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439880463

Category: Science

Page: 561

View: 887

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The worldwide petroleum industry is facing a dilemma: the production level of heavy petroleum is higher than that of light petroleum. Heavy crude oils possess high amounts of impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, metals, and asphaltenes), as well as a high yield of residue with consequent low production of valuable distillates (gasoline and diesel). These characteristics, in turn, are responsible for the low price of heavy petroleum. Additionally, existing refineries are designed to process light crude oil, and heavy oil cannot be refined to 100 percent. One solution to this problem is the installation of plants for heavy oil upgrading before sending this raw material to a refinery. Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum gives an up-to-date treatment of modeling of reactors employed in the main processes for heavy petroleum upgrading. The book includes fundamental aspects such as thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, chemistry, and process variables. Process schemes for each process are discussed in detail. The author thoroughly describes the development of correlations, reactor models, and kinetic models with the aid of experimental data collected from different reaction scales. The validation of modeling results is performed by comparison with experimental and commercial data taken from the literature or generated in various laboratory scale reactors. Organized into three sections, this book deals with general aspects of properties and upgrading of heavy oils, describes the modeling of non-catalytic processes, as well as the modeling of catalytic processes. Each chapter provides detailed experimental data, explanations of how to determine model parameters, and comparisons with reactor model predictions for different situations, so that readers can adapt their own computer programs. The book includes rigorous treatment of the different topics as well as the step-by-step description of model formulation and application. It is not only an indispensable reference for professionals working in the development of reactor models for the petroleum industry, but also a textbook for full courses in chemical reaction engineering. The author would like to express his sincere appreciation to the Marcos Moshinsky Foundation for the financial support provided by means of a Cátedra de Investigación.

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, Third Edition

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, Third Edition

Author: Joel L. Plawsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466555334

Category: Science

Page: 840

View: 435

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The third edition of Transport Phenomena Fundamentals continues with its streamlined approach to the subject of transport phenomena, based on a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport using a balance equation approach. The new edition makes more use of modern tools for working problems, such as COMSOL®, Maple®, and MATLAB®. It introduces new problems at the end of each chapter and sorts them by topic for ease of use. It also presents new concepts to expand the utility of the text beyond chemical engineering. The text is divided into two parts, which can be used for teaching a two-term course. Part I covers the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport—momentum, energy, mass, and charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting that term's effects on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. Chapters familiarize students with modeling and developing mathematical expressions based on the analysis of a control volume, the derivation of the governing differential equations, and the solution to those equations with appropriate boundary conditions. Part II builds on the diffusive transport balance equation by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial, rather than ordinary, differential equations. The text describes paring down the microscopic equations to simplify the models and solve problems, and it introduces macroscopic versions of the balance equations for when the microscopic approach fails or is too cumbersome. The text discusses the momentum, Bournoulli, energy, and species continuity equations, including a brief description of how these equations are applied to heat exchangers, continuous contactors, and chemical reactors. The book also introduces the three fundamental transport coefficients: the friction factor, the heat transfer coefficient, and the mass transfer coefficient in the context of boundary layer theory. The final chapter covers the basics of radiative heat transfer, including concepts such as blackbodies, graybodies, radiation shields, and enclosures. The third edition incorporates many changes to the material and includes updated discussions and examples and more than 70 new homework problems.

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions

Author: Lanny D. Schmidt

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195169255

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 618

View: 627

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The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2e, focuses on the analysis of chemical reactors while simultaneously providing a description of industrial chemical processes and the strategies by which they operate. This concise and up-to-date text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in chemical reactor engineering and kinetics. In addition to the analysis of simple chemical reactors, it considers more complex situations such as multistage reactors and reactorseparation systems. Energy management and the role of mass transfer in chemical reactors are also integrated into the text. Numerical methods are used throughout to consider more complex problems. Worked examples are given throughout the text, and over 300 homework problems are included. Both the examples and problems cover real-world chemistry and kinetics. The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2e, covers the fundamentals of describing and designing chemical processes, considering reactor type, product selectivity and yield, heat management, and mass transfer, and it also focuses explicitly on developing ideas necessary to design a chemical reactor for any application, including chemical production, materials processing and environmental modeling. The text is part of the Topics in Chemical Engineering series and is suitable for upper-level undergraduate core courses in Chemical Reactor Engineering, Chemical Reactor Design, Kinetics and/or Chemical Reaction Engineering. Text is short and focuses explicitly on the development of the ideas necessary to design a chemical reactor for any applicationNumerical methods are used throughout the text to consider more complex problemsWorked examples are given throughout the text, and over 300 homework problems are includedCorrections to previous edition are incorporatedNew features include:2 new chapters (chapter 12 Biological Reactions and chapter 13 Environmental Reactions)New problems added at the end of most chaptersNew sections added in chapters 4 and 9New figures in chapter 12All equations are numbered throughout the bookIncreased focus on Biological and Environmental applications of chemical engineeringTeaches students how to understand, design, and manage chemical reactions to obtain a desired result or productAncillary material:Solutions Manual (019516153X)

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Author: Octave Levenspiel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105022126002

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 208

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Chemical reaction engineering is concerned with the exploitation of chemical reactions on a commercial scale. It's goal is the successful design and operation of chemical reactors. This text emphasizes qualitative arguments, simple design methods, graphical procedures, and frequent comparison of capabilities of the major reactor types. Simple ideas are treated first, and are then extended to the more complex.

Chemical Technology

Chemical Technology

Author: Andreas Jess

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527344215

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 906

View: 726

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A fully updated edition of a popular textbook covering the four disciplines of chemical technology?featuring new developments in the field Clear and thorough throughout, this textbook covers the major sub-disciplines of modern chemical technology?chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering, and general chemical technology?alongside raw materials, energy sources and detailed descriptions of 24 important industrial processes and products. It brings information on energy and raw material consumption and production data of chemicals up to date and offers not just improved and extended chapters, but completely new ones as well. This new edition of Chemical Technology: From Principles to Products features a new chapter illustrating the global economic map and its development from the 15th century until today, and another on energy consumption in human history. Chemical key technologies for a future sustainable energy system such as power-to-X and hydrogen storage are now also examined. Chapters on inorganic products, material reserves, and water consumption and resources have been extended, while another presents environmental aspects of plastic pollution and handling of plastic waste. The book also adds four important processes to its pages: production of titanium dioxide, silicon, production and chemical recycling of polytetrafluoroethylene, and fermentative synthesis of amino acids. -Provides comprehensive coverage of chemical technology?from the fundamentals to 24 of the most important processes -Intertwines the four disciplines of chemical technology: chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology -Fully updated with new content on: power-to-X and hydrogen storage; inorganic products, including metals, glass, and ceramics; water consumption and pollution; and additional industrial processes -Written by authors with extensive experience in teaching the topic and helping students understand the complex concepts Chemical Technology: From Principles to Products, Second Edition is an ideal textbook for advanced students of chemical technology and will appeal to anyone in chemical engineering.