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Consciousness Explained Scientifically by Substance Dualism

Consciousness Explained Scientifically by Substance Dualism

Author: Sanjeev Kumar Jain

Publisher: White Falcon Publishing

ISBN: 9789389932225

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 226

View: 770

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‘How the consciousness comes into existence?’ is the second top unanswered mystery in science. The top unanswered mystery is ‘what is the universe made of?’ Physicalism or materialism finds itself quite inadequate to explain mental qualities and free will in terms of excitation of neurons and their modular connections. Untangling the mystery of consciousness has been esteemed as the proudest achievement of humankind. Consciousness is left as the last frontier in science whose explanation may perhaps require the conceptualisation of soul and god; otherwise, any divine soul or god is denied in existence, as it does not fit into the known science. This book explains consciousness by conceiving a scientific soul that leads to a plausible explanation for all aspects of consciousness and also leads to God. This book describes and explains consciousness comprehensively. Its offshoot also leads us a possible explanation for near-death-experiences, the origin of life and parapsychology. This book will lead you to know your thyself. It will awaken your spirit of inquiry for such questions as ‘who am I’ and ‘who is God’ while providing some answers also.

Consciousness and the Existence of God

Consciousness and the Existence of God

Author: J.P. Moreland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135896799

Category: Philosophy

Page: 255

View: 637

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In Consciousness and the Existence of God , JP Morelandargues that the existence of finite, irreducible consciousness (or its regular, law-like correlation with physical states) provides evidence for the existence of God. Considering Searle's contingent correlation, O'Connor's emergent necessitation, and Nagel's mysterian "naturalism," Moreland concludes that these versions of naturalism should be rejected in favor of what he calls"the Argument from Consciousness."

The Mechanisms, Metaphysics, and History of Consciousness in the World

The Mechanisms, Metaphysics, and History of Consciousness in the World

Author: Michael Remler

Publisher: First Edition Design Pub.

ISBN: 9781506908908

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 560

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What is a Human Being? When we think of ourselves, we think primarily of our subjective sense of self, our Consciousness, and how does it relate to our Body? Are Mind and Body one and the same thing, Monism, or two separate things, Dualism. This is the "Mind-Body Problem." It is the scientific question of how Consciousness is manifest in the structure of Brain. It is the moral questions regarding abortion and end of life. The answers require an explanation in terms of physics, metaphysics, and history. It is the discussion inside those explanatory fields that has built the gulf between popular intuitive Dualism and the expert Monism. This work presents a clear scientific Dualist model, Mind and Body, as two separate things to answer the question, 'What is a Human Being?'

The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity

The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity

Author: J. B. Stump

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118256527

Category: Philosophy

Page: 664

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A cutting-edge survey of contemporary thought at the intersection of science and Christianity. Provides a cutting-edge survey of the central ideas at play at the intersection of science and Christianity through 54 original articles by world-leading scholars and rising stars in the discipline Focuses on Christianity's interaction with Science to offer a fine-grained analysis of issues such as multiverse theories in cosmology, convergence in evolution, Intelligent Design, natural theology, human consciousness, artificial intelligence, free will, miracles, and the Trinity, amongst many others Addresses major historical developments in the relationship between science and Christianity, including Christian patristics, the scientific revolution, the reception of Darwin, and twentieth century fundamentalism Divided into 9 Parts: Historical Episodes; Methodology; Natural Theology; Cosmology & Physics; Evolution; The Human Sciences; Christian Bioethics; Metaphysical Implications; The Mind; Theology; and Significant Figures of the 20th Century Includes diverse perspectives and broadens the conversation from the Anglocentric tradition

The Science of Consciousness

The Science of Consciousness

Author: Max Velmans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134835416

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 978

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Psychology students are fascinated by consciousness but often find the topic puzzling. This is probably because there are different ways within the discipline to approach it. In The Science of Consciousness, top researchers from each of the three main areas of study introduce their angle and lead the student through the basic debates and research to date, ending with suggestions for further reading. Max Velmans has structured this collection especially for use as a base for a course of lectures or seminars on consciousness. The Science of Consciousness will rapidly become known as the best student text in this field for undergraduates, graduates and lecturers.

Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation

Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation

Author: Dennis Dieks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400711808

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 303

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This volume, the second in the Springer series Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective, contains selected papers from the workshops organised by the ESF Research Networking Programme PSE (The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective) in 2009. Five general topics are addressed: 1. Formal Methods in the Philosophy of Science; 2. Philosophy of the Natural and Life Sciences; 3. Philosophy of the Cultural and Social Sciences; 4. Philosophy of the Physical Sciences; 5. History of the Philosophy of Science. This volume is accordingly divided in five sections, each section containing papers coming from the meetings focussing on one of these five themes. However, these sections are not completely independent and detached from each other. For example, an important connecting thread running through a substantial number of papers in this volume is the concept of probability: probability plays a central role in present-day discussions in formal epistemology, in the philosophy of the physical sciences, and in general methodological debates---it is central in discussions concerning explanation, prediction and confirmation. The volume thus also attempts to represent the intellectual exchange between the various fields in the philosophy of science that was central in the ESF workshops.

The Science of Consciousness

The Science of Consciousness

Author: Trevor A. Harley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009038294

Category: Psychology

Page:

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Consciousness concerns awareness and how we experience the world. How does awareness, a feature of the mental world, arise from the physical brain? Is a dog conscious, or a jellyfish, and what explains the difference? How is consciousness related to psychological processes such as perception and cognition? The Science of Consciousness covers the psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience of consciousness. Written for introductory courses in psychology and philosophy, this text examines consciousness with a special emphasis on current neuroscience research as well as comparisons of normal and damaged brains. The full range of normal and altered states of consciousness, including sleep and dreams, hypnotic and meditative states, anesthesia, and drug-induced states, as well as parapsychological phenomena and their importance for the science of consciousness is covered, as well as the 'higher' states and how we can attain them. Throughout the text attempts to relate consciousness to the brain.

Science and Spirituality

Science and Spirituality

Author: Kayume Baksh

Publisher: Austin Macauley Publishers

ISBN: 9781645362791

Category: Philosophy

Page: 268

View: 620

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This book provides a fascinating, well-researched, and thorough discussion of the connections between science and spirituality, including religion. It is eye-opening and allows readers to truly redefine how they look at these disciplines while providing, at the same time, a vibrant perspective for those embarking on such an exercise for the first time. Science investigates the physical world, where space, time, and matter comprise the main aspects of its empirical approach, that is, of physically proving all that there is around us. Spirituality goes beyond the physical. Here, physical quantities become non-existent and so our connections are perceived through seemingly nonrational (but hardly irrational) unscientific means. Religion is rendered useless as a way of explaining how the universe works. Quantum mechanics, an integral part of modern physics, is helping to bring about a closer convergence by showing remarkable similarities between advanced scientific observations and what has been taught for centuries in the wisdom traditions, known as spirituality. This insightful information continues to amaze us like none before. We, therefore, now have the right combination and evidence to show why the gap between science and spirituality must be bridged so that we can finally embrace the answers to mysterious questions about the universe and life. This thought-provoking book provides the details you need. We stand on the verge of heralding a new paradigm or, rather, a metaparadigm – the mother of all paradigms – one that unfolds a new vision of reality that includes consciousness for the first time, not excludes it – as science still does. Whether you belong to a religion or not, are a spiritualist, an atheist, an agnostic, or just curious about the universe and life, this book is for you.

Meditation, Buddhism, and Science

Meditation, Buddhism, and Science

Author: David L. McMahan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190495794

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 273

View: 452

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Introduction: From colonialism to brainscans : modern transformations of Buddhist meditation / David L. McMahan and Erik Braun -- How meditation works : theorizing the role of cultural context in Buddhist contemplative practices / David L. McMahan -- Looping effects and the cognitive science of mindfulness meditation / Evan Thompson -- Buddhism, happiness, and the science of meditation / William Edelglass -- Reflections on Indian Buddhist thought and the scientific study of meditation, or: why scientists should talk more with their monks / William S. Waldron -- 'Mind the gap' : appearance and reality in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy / Joanna Cook -- 'Wherever you go, there you ... aren't?' non-self, spirits, and the concept of the person in Thai Buddhist mindfulness / Julia Cassaniti -- 'Mindfulness makes you a way better lover' : mindful sex and the adaption of Buddhism to new cultural desires / Jeff Wilson -- Mindful but not religious : meditation and enchantment in the work of Jon Kabat-Zinn / Erik Braun -- Is mindfulness Buddhist? (and why it matters) / Robert H. Sharf

Humanizing Psychiatry

Humanizing Psychiatry

Author: Niall McLaren

Publisher: Future Psychiatry Press

ISBN: 9781615990115

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 729

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Modern psychiatry has no formal model of mental disorder to guide its daily practice, teaching and research. McLaren offers a rational model of mental disorder within the framework of a molecular resolution of the mind-body problem. This model will have revolutionary consequences for psychiatry--and the mentally afflicted.

Cognitive Science

Cognitive Science

Author: Jay Friedenberg

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781544380179

Category: Psychology

Page: 568

View: 750

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Cognitive Science provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the study of the mind. The authors examine the mind from the perspective of different fields, including philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, networks, evolution, emotional and social cognition, linguistics, artificial intelligence, robotics, and the new framework of embodied cognition. Each chapter focuses on a particular disciplinary approach and explores methodologies, theories, and empirical findings. Substantially updated with new and expanded content, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest research in this rapidly evolving field.

The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism

The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism

Author: Jonathan J. Loose

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119375296

Category: Philosophy

Page: 528

View: 203

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A groundbreaking collection of contemporary essays from leading international scholars that provides a balanced and expert account of the resurgent debate about substance dualism and its physicalist alternatives. Substance dualism has for some time been dismissed as an archaic and defeated position in philosophy of mind, but in recent years, the topic has experienced a resurgence of scholarly interest and has been restored to contemporary prominence by a growing minority of philosophers prepared to interrogate the core principles upon which past objections and misunderstandings rest. As the first book of its kind to bring together a collection of contemporary writing from top proponents and critics in a pro-contra format, The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism captures this ongoing dialogue and sets the stage for rigorous and lively discourse around dualist and physicalist accounts of human persons in philosophy. Chapters explore emergent, Thomistic, Cartesian, and other forms of substance dualism—broadly conceived—in dialogue with leading varieties of physicalism, including animalism, non-reductive physicalism, and constitution theory. Loose, Menuge, and Moreland pair essays from dualist advocates with astute criticism from physicalist opponents and vice versa, highlighting points of contrast for readers in thematic sections while showcasing today’s leading minds engaged in direct debate. Taken together, essays provide nuanced paths of introduction for students, and capture the imagination of professional philosophers looking to expand their understanding of the subject. Skillfully curated and in touch with contemporary science as well as analytic theology, The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism strikes a measured balanced between advocacy and criticism, and is a first-rate resource for researchers, scholars, and students of philosophy, theology, and neuroscience.