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Tanzania

Tanzania

Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821345850

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 450

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"Huge sums have been spent on water and sanitation services in Tanzania, but much of that investment is standing idle in the country, producing little or no water for the intended beneficiaries. A major question is whether any of the investment can be salvaged to reduce the burden of water gathering on the population." - From 'Tanzania: Social Sector Review' Tanzania's social indicators remain among the poorest in the world. This report describes the trends in the social sectors and analyzes the factors that influence these trends. These trends include the performance of the economy, government social sector spending and policy, household behavior and incomes, and demographic trends. Findings from the surveys and case studies are synthesized to provide a comprehensive picture of the demand for and supply of education, health, water and sanitation, nutrition, and family planning services. The report discusses the situation and trends in the social sector and identifies ways that the government, the private sector, and households can use their respective resources most effectively.

Diploma Teacher Education in Tanzania

Diploma Teacher Education in Tanzania

Author: Pius Peter Mgeni

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3844393668

Category:

Page: 120

View: 927

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This study investigated the views of key stakeholders in education on the shift from academic subject content to pedagogy in diploma teacher education in Tanzania. A sample of 125 respondents including: diploma college tutors, trainee teachers, university scholars at the faculty of education in the University of Dar-es-Salaam, secondary school teachers and officials at the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training and Tanzania Institute of Education provided the requisite information. Data were obtained through questionnaires that used closed and open-ended questions, semi-structured interviews and documentary review. With an exception of the officials at the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, the findings indicated that majority of the respondents were explicit in expressing doubts on the new teacher education curriculum which deprive trainee teachers from academic subject matter content stressing that knowing precedes doing. Based on the findings of this study, the researcher recommends for the balanced provision of both academic subject matter content and pedagogy for building a balanced teacher education programme.

Handbook of Early Childhood Teacher Education

Handbook of Early Childhood Teacher Education

Author: Leslie J. Couse

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317816294

Category: Education

Page: 430

View: 570

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This handbook synthesizes both contemporary research and best practices in early childhood teacher education, a unique segment of teacher education defined by its focus on child development, the role of the family, and support for all learners. The first volume of its kind, the Handbook of Early Childhood Teacher Education provides comprehensive coverage on key topics in the field, including the history of early childhood teacher education programs, models for preparing early childhood educators, pedagogical approaches to supporting diverse learners, and contemporary influences on this quickly expanding area of study. Appropriate for early childhood teacher educators as well as both pre- and in-service teachers working with children from birth through 8, this handbook articulates the unique features of early childhood teacher education, highlighting the strengths and limitations of current practice as based in empirical research. It concludes by charting future directions for research with an aim to improve the preparation of early childhood educators.

English as a Language of Teaching and Learning for Community Secondary Schools in Tanzania

English as a Language of Teaching and Learning for Community Secondary Schools in Tanzania

Author: Elia Shabani Mligo

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498244541

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 170

View: 136

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This book examines the challenges posed by English, a foreign language, as a language of teaching and learning for community secondary schools in Tanzania in terms of academic performance. The book probes the necessity for having two languages of instruction in the Tanzanian educational system. While Kiswahili, the native language, is predominantly understood by the majority of people, the discussion in this book indicates that most students in community secondary schools in Tanzania are incompetent in understanding, writing, listening, reading, and speaking English, a language they use in learning and doing their examinations, especially in the early stages of their secondary studies. The incompetence in the above-mentioned skills is mostly caused by their inability to cope with the abrupt transition in the languages of instruction from their pre-primary and primary school study [Kiswahili] to secondary school study [English]. Moreover, most teachers are unable to use the English language as a means to impart knowledge or facilitate learning to their students, leading them to code-switching and code-mixing. This book poses a challenge to countries whose students pass through a transition from one language of instruction to another in their educational systems, helping them to make appropriate decisions in regard to the appropriate language of teaching and learning.

Encyclopedia of Special Education

Encyclopedia of Special Education

Author: Emeritus Professor of Educational Psychology Cecil R Reynolds, PhD

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471677987

Category: Education

Page: 2168

View: 807

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Offers a thoroughly revised, comprehensive A to Z compilation of authoritative information on the education of those with special needs.

International Education

International Education

Author: Daniel Ness

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317467519

Category: Political Science

Page: 879

View: 519

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This encyclopedia is the most current and exhaustive reference available on international education. It provides thorough, up-to-date coverage of key topics, concepts, and issues, as well as in-depth studies of approximately 180 national educational systems throughout the world. Articles examine education broadly and at all levels--from primary grades through higher education, formal to informal education, country studies to global organizations.

Education, Gender and Development

Education, Gender and Development

Author: Mari-Anne Okkolin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317203582

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 471

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This compelling book takes a novel approach to the complexities of girls’ and women’s education in the global South. To unravel the critical issues and processes behind educational advancement and to identify the factors that support the construction of educational well-being and agency from gender perspective, the book narrates the stories of women who have successfully built their educational careers to higher education. The book creatively applies the human development and capabilities approach to analyze and assess educational advancement and development. Mari-Anne Okkolin offers a fresh voice to the field of education, gender and development. The book draws on rich, in-depth evidence from Tanzanian women who have reached higher education, placing them amongst the very small percentage of women in the Tanzanian and sub-Saharan contexts. The book explores the women’s school experiences, everyday life practices and familial arrangements, and the values, expectations and assumptions associated with education and the schooling of girls and women. Due to the multi-disciplinary nature of the book, it will be of great interest to multiple academic audiences: post-graduates, researchers and academics. It is of particular relevance for all those interested in education, sociology, development studies, gender/women’s studies, and qualitative research methodology. The book will appeal especially to scholars working with the capabilities approach. It will also be of value beyond academia, for education practitioners in planning and implementing education and equality policies internationally.

Deaf Education Beyond the Western World

Deaf Education Beyond the Western World

Author: Harry Knoors

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190880521

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 359

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If teachers want to educate deaf learners effectively, they have to apply evidence-informed methods and didactics with the needs of individual deaf students in mind. Education in general -- and education for deaf learners in particular -- is situated in broader societal contexts, where what works within the Western world may be quite different from what works beyond the Western world. By exploring practice-based and research-based evidence about deaf education in countries that largely have been left out of the international discussion thus far, this volume encourages more researchers in more countries to continue investigating the learning environment of deaf learners, based on the premise of leaving no one behind. Featuring chapters centering on 19 countries, from Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe, the volume offers a picture of deaf education from the perspectives of local scholars and teachers who demonstrate best practices and challenges within their respective regional contexts. This volume addresses the notion of learning through the exchange of knowledge; outlines the commonalities and differences between practices and policies in educating deaf and hard-of-hearing learners; and looks ahead to the prospects for the future development of deaf education research in the context of recently adopted international legal frameworks. Stimulating academic exchange regionally and globally among scholars and teachers who are fascinated by and invested in deaf education, this volume strengthens the foundation for further improvement of education for deaf children all around the world.

Where are the Gaps?

Where are the Gaps?

Author: Iffat Farah

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

ISBN: 1849290016

Category: Social Science

Page: 101

View: 490

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Examines how the curriculum and practices in teacher training programs address issues of HIV and gender equality in three East African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Global Perspectives on Inclusive Teacher Education

Global Perspectives on Inclusive Teacher Education

Author: Rice, Bethany M.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522577041

Category: Education

Page: 340

View: 220

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Inclusive teacher preparation varies greatly in format and practice, yet programs grapple with the same underlying challenges: which practices work and where do they work. As children with disabilities are increasingly being included in schools, it is essential that guidance is put into place on how best to adapt inclusive practices into the classroom and create new practices based on the cultural context. Global Perspectives on Inclusive Teacher Education summarizes existing research on inclusive practices globally while presenting emerging research and opportunities for cementing change in inclusive teacher education locally, including examples of how inclusive practices are integrated in and adapted to diverse cultural contexts. Covering topics that include critical pedagogy, religious schooling, and teacher education, this publication is designed for curriculum developers, instructional designers, administrators, higher education faculty, educators, policymakers, and students.