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Exchanging Autonomy

Exchanging Autonomy

Author: Marco Senatore

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781499026375

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 420

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This book has already been published in Italy by the university press Aracne (http: //www.aracneeditrice.it/aracneweb/index.php/pubblicazione.html?item=9788854857957). Its twofold purpose is to define some dimensions of individual autonomy (in particular, existential, functional and relational autonomy) and promote their dissemination within society, mainly through the introduction of some legal and economic tools. Starting from references to authors such as Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, John Rawls, Theodor W. Adorno, Jürgen Habermas and Amartya Sen, this book highlights the key role of individual autonomy for rediscovering a sense of community and dealing with social challenges. This implies analysing the difference between the currently widespread individualism (as the free choice of means) and individuality (which focuses on the determination of personal objectives). The book also illustrates the contribution that inner motivations, on which autonomy is grounded, can make to tackling several important issues of our time, such as pollution, the growing sway of finance over the economy, the unbalanced distribution of income and the choke-hold of lobbyists on politics. This could mainly take place through transactions involving the exchange not only of actions (as in our daily life) but also of inner motivations (values and metavalues). Although the positive effects of autonomy are primarily of an economic nature, the author has followed an essentially interdisciplinary approach, based on the assumption that the fragmentation of knowledge prevents us from fully grasping the potential of individuals and from questioning the cultural and social mechanisms that hinder its development.

Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics

Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics

Author: Michael Hülsmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642194696

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 338

View: 935

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Many new technologies – like RFID, GPS, and sensor networks – that dominate innovative developments in logistics are based on the idea of autonomous cooperation and control. This self-organisational concept describes „...processes of decentralized decision-making in heterarchical structures. It presumes interacting elements in non-deterministic systems, which possess the capability and possibility to render decisions. The objective of autonomous cooperation and control is the achievement of increased robustness and positive emergence of the total system due to distributed and flexible coping with dynamics and complexity“ (Hülsmann & Windt, 2007). In order to underlie these technology-driven developments with a fundamental theoretical foundation this edited volume asks for contributions and limitations of applying the principles of autonomous cooperation and control to logistics processes and systems. It intends to identify, describe, and explain – in the context of production and distribution logistics – the effects on performance and robustness, the enablers and impediments for the feasibility, the essential cause-effect-relations, etc. of concepts, methods, technologies, and routines of autonomous cooperation and control in logistics. Therefore, the analyses collected in this edited volume aim to develop a framework for finding the optimal degree as well as the upper and lower boundaries of autonomous cooperation and control of logistics processes from the different perspectives of production technology, electronics and communication engineering, informatics and mathematics, as well as management sciences and economics.

Autonomous and Autonomic Systems: With Applications to NASA Intelligent Spacecraft Operations and Exploration Systems

Autonomous and Autonomic Systems: With Applications to NASA Intelligent Spacecraft Operations and Exploration Systems

Author: Walt Truszkowski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846282330

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 289

View: 531

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In the early 1990s, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center started researching and developing autonomous and autonomic ground and spacecraft control systems for future NASA missions. This research started by experimenting with and developing expert systems to automate ground station software and reduce the number of people needed to control a spacecraft. This was followed by research into agent-based technology to develop autonomous ground c- trol and spacecraft. Research into this area has now evolved into using the concepts of autonomic systems to make future space missions self-managing and giving them a high degree of survivability in the harsh environments in which they operate. This book describes much of the results of this research. In addition, it aimstodiscusstheneededsoftwaretomakefutureNASAspacemissionsmore completelyautonomousandautonomic.Thecoreofthesoftwareforthesenew missions has been written for other applications or is being applied gradually in current missions, or is in current development. It is intended that this book should document how NASA missions are becoming more autonomous and autonomic and should point to the way of making future missions highly - tonomous and autonomic. What is not covered is the supporting hardware of these missions or the intricate software that implements orbit and at- tude determination, on-board resource allocation, or planning and scheduling (though we refer to these technologies and give references for the interested reader).

Language Education in Digital Spaces: Perspectives on Autonomy and Interaction

Language Education in Digital Spaces: Perspectives on Autonomy and Interaction

Author: Carolin Fuchs

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030749583

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 647

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This book brings together contributions on learner autonomy from a myriad of contexts to advance our understanding of what autonomous language learning looks like with digital tools, and how this understanding is shaped by and can shape different socio-institutional, curricular, and instructional support. To this end, the individual contributions in the book highlight practice-oriented, empirically-based research on technology-mediated learner autonomy and its pedagogical implications. They address how technology can support learner autonomy as process by leveraging the affordances available in social media, virtual exchange, self-access, or learning in the wild (Hutchins, 1995). The rapid evolution and adoption of technology in all aspects of our lives has pushed issues related to learner and teacher autonomy centre stage in the language education landscape. This book tackles emergent challenges from different perspectives and diverse learning ecologies with a focus on social and educational (in)equality. Specifically, to this effect, the chapters consider digital affordances of virtual exchange, gaming, and apps in technology-mediated language learning and teaching ranging from instructed and semi-instructed to self-instructed contexts. The volume foregrounds the concepts of critical digital literacy and social justice in relation to language learner and teacher autonomy and illustrates how this approach may contribute to institutional objectives for equality, diversity and inclusion in higher education around the world and will be useful for researchers and teachers alike.

The Team Exchange Contract in Autonomous Work Groups

The Team Exchange Contract in Autonomous Work Groups

Author: Kristin Maria Jackson

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924098127453

Category:

Page: 300

View: 679

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Granting groups autonomy, or removing a leader from work process decisions, is currently a popular group design. However, the empirical evidence to date for increased performance outcomes in these types of groups has been mixed. The underlying explanation proposed in this dissertation is that while removing a leader from process decisions increases an autonomous group's task control, it also delegates to group members the need to manage interpersonal dynamics (such as communication and conflict) that accompany these decisions. Collective decisions made about how to manage group procedures communicate either that the group respects and values an individual member's contributions, or that it considers a member's contributions as relatively unimportant (Lind & Tyler, 1988). Without a legitimate authority to resolve differences about group procedures, rules, and resources, groups may be more prone to repeated or escalating process conflicts. Chapter 2 presents evidence from survey research that autonomous groups experience process conflict in two distinct dimensions: task strategy conflict and process disruption conflict. Scale validation results are presented of revisions to Jehn's three-pronged conflict classification in the groups literature. Results of Chapter 3 indicate that conflicts which are difficult to resolve often lead groups develop "process routines" (Argyris, 1977) that allow them to avoid conflict but not to resolve underlying structural issues that cause performance failures over time (Gladstein, 1984; Pondy, 1967). This does not reduce performance in the short-run, but does lead to a negative spiral of reactive process, inability to adapt group structure, and decrease in satisfaction and performance in the longer-term. Using social exchange theory, the final chapter presents the "exchange contract" model to describe how teams can reverse this cycle--or achieve proactive and adaptive self-management. A functional exchange contract is a clear and shared understanding among team members about equitable control of internal governance, complemented by equitable reciprocation of three explicit contract behaviors that make shared control easier: team integrity, communication about work, and flexibility. In place of a legitimate authority, these are the behaviors that make members feel group procedures are being applied to themselves and others fairly--predicting long term team performance and member satisfaction.

Grid and Cooperative Computing - GCC 2004

Grid and Cooperative Computing - GCC 2004

Author: Hai Jin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540235644

Category: Computers

Page: 1047

View: 207

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This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of five international workshops held in association with the Third International Conference on Grid and Cooperative Computing, GCC 2004, in Wuhan, China in October 2004. The 95 revised workshop papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 154 submissions. In accordance with the workshop titles, the papers are organized in topical sections on the information grid and knowledge grid; storage grid and technologies; information security and survivability for the grid; agents, autonomic computing, and grid enabled virtual organization; and visualization and visual steering.

Frontiers of Intelligent Autonomous Systems

Frontiers of Intelligent Autonomous Systems

Author: Sukhan Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642354854

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 106

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This carefully edited volume aims at providing readers with the most recent progress on intelligent autonomous systems, with its particular emphasis on intelligent autonomous ground, aerial and underwater vehicles as well as service robots for home and healthcare under the context of the aforementioned convergence. “Frontiers of Intelligent Autonomous Systems” includes thoroughly revised and extended papers selected from the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS-12), held in Jeju, Korea, June 26-29, 2012. The editors chose 35 papers out of the 202 papers presented at IAS-12 which are organized into three chapters: Chapter 1 is dedicated to autonomous navigation and mobile manipulation, Chapter 2 to unmanned aerial and underwater vehicles and Chapter 3 to service robots for home and healthcare. To help the readers to easily access this volume, each chapter starts with a chapter summary introduced by one of the editors: Chapter 1 by Sukhan Lee, Chapter 2 by Kwang Joon Yoon and Chapter 3 by Jangmyung Lee.

Autonomy

Autonomy

Author: Paula Banerjee

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781843317432

Category: Philosophy

Page: 297

View: 457

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A critical attempt to understand autonomy from both historical and analytical perspectives.

Spatial Awareness of Autonomous Embedded Systems

Spatial Awareness of Autonomous Embedded Systems

Author: Clemens Holzmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783834895691

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 210

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Clemens Holzmann investigates the role of spatial contexts for autonomous embedded systems. The author presents concepts for recognizing, representing, and reasoning about qualitative spatial relations and their changes over time, as well as an appropriate architecture which has prototypically been implemented in a flexible software framework. His results show that the proposed concepts are suitable for developing spatially aware applications and that qualitatively abstracted relations can constitute an adequate basis for this purpose.

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 12

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 12

Author: Sukhan Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642339264

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 876

View: 612

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Intelligent autonomous systems are emerged as a key enabler for the creation of a new paradigm of services to humankind, as seen by the recent advancement of autonomous cars licensed for driving in our streets, of unmanned aerial and underwater vehicles carrying out hazardous tasks on-site, and of space robots engaged in scientific as well as operational missions, to list only a few. This book aims at serving the researchers and practitioners in related fields with a timely dissemination of the recent progress on intelligent autonomous systems, based on a collection of papers presented at the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems, held in Jeju, Korea, June 26-29, 2012. With the theme of “Intelligence and Autonomy for the Service to Humankind, the conference has covered such diverse areas as autonomous ground, aerial, and underwater vehicles, intelligent transportation systems, personal/domestic service robots, professional service robots for surgery/rehabilitation, rescue/security and space applications, and intelligent autonomous systems for manufacturing and healthcare. This volume 1 includes contributions devoted to Autonomous Ground Vehicles and Mobile Manipulators, as well as Unmanned Aerial and Underwater Vehicles and Bio-inspired Robotics.

Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems

Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems

Author: Jan Hodicky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319223834

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 218

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems, MESAS 2015, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in April 2015. The 18 revised full papers included in the volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. They are organized in the following topical sections: state of the art and future of AS; MS experimental frameworks for AS; methods and algorithms for AS.

Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence: A Threat or Savior?

Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence: A Threat or Savior?

Author: W.F. Lawless

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319597195

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 477

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This book explores how Artificial Intelligence (AI), by leading to an increase in the autonomy of machines and robots, is offering opportunities for an expanded but uncertain impact on society by humans, machines, and robots. To help readers better understand the relationships between AI, autonomy, humans and machines that will help society reduce human errors in the use of advanced technologies (e.g., airplanes, trains, cars), this edited volume presents a wide selection of the underlying theories, computational models, experimental methods, and field applications. While other literature deals with these topics individually, this book unifies the fields of autonomy and AI, framing them in the broader context of effective integration for human-autonomous machine and robotic systems. The contributions, written by world-class researchers and scientists, elaborate on key research topics at the heart of effective human-machine-robot-systems integration. These topics include, for example, computational support for intelligence analyses; the challenge of verifying today’s and future autonomous systems; comparisons between today’s machines and autism; implications of human information interaction on artificial intelligence and errors; systems that reason; the autonomy of machines, robots, buildings; and hybrid teams, where hybrid reflects arbitrary combinations of humans, machines and robots. The contributors span the field of autonomous systems research, ranging from industry and academia to government. Given the broad diversity of the research in this book, the editors strove to thoroughly examine the challenges and trends of systems that implement and exhibit AI; the social implications of present and future systems made autonomous with AI; systems with AI seeking to develop trusted relationships among humans, machines, and robots; and the effective human systems integration that must result for trust in these new systems and their applications to increase and to be sustained.