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Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System

Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System

Author: Joanna Pozzulo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190874810

Category: Law

Page: 145

View: 771

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Eyewitness research has focused mainly on stranger identification, but identification is also critical for the "familiar stranger", and understanding how variability in an eyewitness's familiarity with the perpetrator may influence recall and recognition accuracy will facilitate swifter and more just resolutions to crime. Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System examines the notion of familiarity between an eyewitness/victim and a perpetrator, ranging from complete unfamiliarity (as with a total stranger) to a very familiar other. Authors Joanna Pozzulo, Emily Pica, and Chelsea Sheahan define what is meant by "familiarity" in an eyewitness context and how it has been operationalized and manipulated, exploring factors that may interact with familiarity and examining jurors' perceptions of it. The first half of the book draws on various sub-areas of psychology to understand familiarity against the backdrop of eyewitness identification: social psychology theories of how familiarity is established; cognitive psychology and its theories of recognition; face processing literature; and eyewitness literature. The second half of the book surveys system and estimator variables that influence identification, such as lineup procedures, interviewing techniques, the role of age, race, and more; as well as how familiarity is weighed in juror decision-making. A final chapter issues a call for continuing research examining the notion of familiarity and its impact on the criminal justice system.

Evaluating Juvenile Transfer and Disposition

Evaluating Juvenile Transfer and Disposition

Author: Kirk Heilbrun

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317340126

Category: Psychology

Page: 350

View: 635

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Focusing on juvenile transfer and disposition evaluations, this volume provides an up-to-date integration of current law, science, and practice with respect to juvenile risk assessment, treatment needs/amenability, and sophistication-maturity. Included are perspectives relating to international practices, use of specialized assessment tools, and a separate chapter on resentencing following US Supreme Court decisions on juveniles sentenced to mandatory life without parole. This text will be a useful and comprehensive reference for forensic psychologists and other mental health professionals engaged in juvenile evaluation, as well as legal professionals, juvenile and criminal justice professionals, and others involved with juvenile assessment, decision-making, and rehabilitation.

Yale Law Journal

Yale Law Journal

Author: Yale Law Journal

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 9781610278843

Category: Law

Page: 612

View: 567

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"Symposium: The Gideon Effect: Rights, Justice, and Lawyers Fifty Years After Gideon v. Wainwright." The year 2013 marks the golden anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark ruling in Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), which established a constitutional right to counsel for criminal defendants. A half century later, there remains a compelling need for a reexamination of its legacy, extensions, shortfalls, and long shadow over other areas of law such as immigration and custody disputes. This special Symposium issue of the Yale Law Journal is, in effect, a new and extensive book on this important subject, featuring contributions by internationally recognized legal and political scholars. It is one of the most thorough, detailed, and wide-ranging analyses of the current standing and reach of what may be the Court's most important criminal law decision. The contributors are: Rebecca Aviel, John H. Blume & Sheri Lynn Johnson, Stephen B. Bright & Sia M. Sanneh, Paul D. Butler, Jeanne Charn, Erwin Chemerinsky, Gabriel J. Chin, Martha F. Davis, Ingrid V. Eagly, Roger A. Fairfax Jr., Bruce A. Green, M. Clara Garcia Hernandez & Carole J. Powell, Emily Hughes, Kevin R. Johnson, Neal Kumar Katyal, Nancy J. King, Nancy Leong, Justin F. Marceau, Hope Metcalf & Judith Resnik, Pamela R. Metzger, David E. Patton, Eve Brensike Primus, L. Song Richardson & Phillip Atiba Goff, Jenny Roberts, and Carol S. Steiker. The issue, the eighth and final one of academic year 2012-2013, also includes a cumulative Index to the eight issues of Volume 122. As with previous digital editions of the Yale Law Journal available from Quid Pro Books, features include active Tables of Contents (including links in each Essay's own table), linked footnotes and URLs, and proper ebook formatting.

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform

Author: Marvin Zalman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135077440

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 154

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Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.

Understanding Eyewitness Memory

Understanding Eyewitness Memory

Author: Sean M. Lane

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479842513

Category: Psychology

Page: 219

View: 418

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An essential overview of how perception and memory affect eyewitness testimony In 1981, sixteen-year-old Michael Williams was convicted on charges of aggravated rape based on the victim’s eyewitness testimony. No other evidence was found linking him to the attack. After nearly twenty-four years, Williams was released after three separate DNA analyses proved his innocence. The victim still maintains that Williams was the culprit. This heartbreaking case is but one example of eyewitness error. In Understanding Eyewitness Memory, Sean M. Lane and Kate A. Houston delve into the science of eyewitness memory. They examine a number of important topics, from basic research on perception and memory to the implications of this research on the quality and accuracy of eyewitness evidence. The volume answers questions such as: How do we remember and describe people we’ve encountered? What is the nature of false and genuine memories? How do emotional arousal and stress affect what we remember? Understanding Eyewitness Memory offers a brilliant overview of how memory and psychology affect eyewitness testimony, where quality and accuracy can mean the difference between wrongful imprisonment and true justice.

Convicted but Innocent

Convicted but Innocent

Author: C. Ronald Huff

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781452221175

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 463

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Addressing the specific issues surrounding wrongful convictions and their implications for society, Convicted but Innocent includes: survey data concerning the possible magnitude of the problem and its causes; fascinating actual case samples; detailed analyses of the major factors associated with wrongful conviction; discussion of public policy implications; and recommendations for reducing the occurrence of such convictions. The authors maintain that while no system of justice can be perfect, a focus on preventable errors can substantially reduce the number of current conviction injustices.