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Innovations in 3D Geo Information Systems

Innovations in 3D Geo Information Systems

Author: Alias Abdul-Rahman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540369981

Category: Science

Page: 760

View: 968

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This book covers various aspects of spatial data modelling specifically regarding three-dimensional (3D) modelling and structuring. The realization of "true" 3D geoinformation spatial systems requires a high input, and the developmental process is taking place in various research centers and universities around the globe. The development of such systems and solutions, including the modelling theories are presented in this book.

Coastal and Marine Geo-Information Systems

Coastal and Marine Geo-Information Systems

Author: David R. Green

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306480027

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 220

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The emphasis now placed on the concept of sediment cells as boundaries for coastal defence groups, and the development of SMPs, should help CPAs realise the importance of natural processes at the coast when designing defence and protection schemes. However, this will only be the case where defence groups exist, and where CPAs take up the challenge of developing SMPs. Coastal landscapes have been produced by the natural forces of wind, waves and tides, and many are nationally or internationally important for their habitats and natural features. Past practices at the coast, such as the construction of harbours, jetties and traditional defence systems may have contributed to the deterioration of the coast. English Nature (1992) have argued that if practices and methods of coastal defence are allowed to continue, then coastlines would be faced with worsening consequences, including: The loss of mudflats and the birds which live on them Damage to geological Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and scenic heritage by erosion, due to the stabilisation of the coast elsewhere Cutting of sediment supplies to beaches resulting in the loss of coastal wildlife Cessation through isolation from coastal processes, of the natural operation of spits, with serious deterioration of rare plants, animals and geomorphological and scenic qualities (English Nature, 1992) A number of designations, provided by national and international legislation do exist to aid conservation.

Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466620391

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2102

View: 656

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Developments in technologies have evolved in a much wider use of technology throughout science, government, and business; resulting in the expansion of geographic information systems. GIS is the academic study and practice of presenting geographical data through a system designed to capture, store, analyze, and manage geographic information. Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a collection of knowledge on the latest advancements and research of geographic information systems. This book aims to be useful for academics and practitioners involved in geographical data.

Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

Author: Michael Goodchild

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792384369

Category: Computers

Page: 544

View: 668

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Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.

Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems for Policy Decision Support

Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems for Policy Decision Support

Author: R. B. Singh

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811677311

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 928

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The management of data to understand complex and interwoven processes of sustainable development has been a great challenge for researchers, planners, and decision makers. Remote sensing and GIS-based policy decision support systems not only help them to solve spatially related environmental and socio-economic issues; they also provide a powerful tool for integrating spatial and non-spatial datasets with analytical and spatial models and knowledge domains. Recent advances in the modern spatial tools of remote sensing and GIS combined with advanced computation techniques have enhanced the efficiency and capabilities of policy development. This book expands the scientific knowledge base in various physical and socio-economic issues among scholars, planners, and decision makers for policy development and research regarding sustainable development. It also demonstrates the importance of modern spatial decision support tools of remote sensing and GIS to better understand sustainable development processes and policy development. Furthermore, the book discusses case studies providing new insights as to how remote sensing and GIS-based decision support systems contribute to understanding physical and socio-economic processes and developing pragmatic policy for sustainable development. This book covers land surface temperature, hydrological processes, terrain mapping, flood and landslide hazards, land use and land cover dynamics, crime hotspots, urban health issues, tourism, agriculture, forest management, flood mitigation, urban sprawl, and village information systems, among others. Readers will find this book to be an invaluable resource for understanding and solving diverse physical and human issues for policy development related to sustainable planning and management.

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Author: Gary L. Gaile

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199295867

Category: Reference

Page: 854

View: 218

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For anyone interested in recent American research on climate, cities, Geographical Information Systems, Latin America, or any of the other subfields in geography, this volume provides representative accounts of American geographers' contributions in 47 specialty areas. This wide range of specialties comprises both a comprehensive reference and a 'state of the discipline' report. - ;Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century surveys American geographers' current research in their specialty areas and tracks trends and innovations in the many subfields of geography. As such, it is both.

The History of Geographic Information Systems

The History of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Timothy W. Foresman

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: UOM:39015040608328

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 835

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These authors' contributions helped bring to national, state, and federal agencies the powerful new suite of geospatial tools for issues ranging from land use management to population enumeration."--BOOK JACKET.

Geographical Information Systems

Geographical Information Systems

Author: Paul A. Longley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: MINN:31951D02266320D

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 761

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CD-ROM contains full text in searchable PDF format and color image gallery.

Geographical Information Systems, 2 Volume Set

Geographical Information Systems, 2 Volume Set

Author: Paul A. Longley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: MINN:31951D01628997K

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 347

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From a review of the First Edition: "The book is timely, packed with useful background information, and thought-provoking in its treatment of future prospects . . . the definitive guide to GIS."-Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing The one-stop source for current and comprehensive information on GIS-now in a new edition The long-awaited Second Edition of Geographical Information Systems brings this definitive reference up-to-date with the latest developments in GIS techniques and practice. Completely restructured and rewritten by a select international team of almost 100 GIS experts, it remains the resource of choice for anyone seeking detailed, state-of-the-art information on all key aspects of this revolutionary spatial science technology-from underlying principles and methodology (Volume 1) to management and practical applications (Volume 2). Unmatched in scope by any other reference on the subject, Geographical Information Systems, Second Edition provides crucial background on basic GIS concepts and addresses the radical shifts and changes that have taken place in GIS technology and its uses. The new edition comes complete with color illustrations, helpful cross-referencing, plus an extensive bibliography, a list of acronyms, and more-a full range of features that make this landmark resource easier to use than ever. Volume 1 offers in-depth coverage of key GIS principles and technical issues, including: * Spatial representation, spatial distributions, and spatial data * Data quality, error detection, and spatial analysis * New GIS technology, from networked and "open" GIS to desktop environments * Current spatial database management methods * Data capture using the latest remote sensing and global positioning system (GPS) technologies * Techniques for transforming and linking geographical data