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Intuition in Judgment and Decision Making

Intuition in Judgment and Decision Making

Author: Henning Plessner

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781136875229

Category: Psychology

Page: 356

View: 138

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The central goal of this volume is to bring the learning perspective into the discussion of intuition in judgment and decision making. The book gathers recent work on intuitive decision making that goes beyond the current dominant heuristic processing perspective. However, that does not mean that the book will strictly oppose this perspective. The unique perspective of this book will help to tie together these different conceptualizations of intuition and develop an integrative approach to the psychological understanding of intuition in judgment and decision making. Accordingly, some of the chapters reflect prior research from the heuristic processing perspective in the new light of the learning perspective. This book provides a representative overview of what we currently know about intuition in judgment and decision making. The authors provide latest theoretical developments, integrative frameworks and state-of-the-art reviews of research in the laboratory and in the field. Moreover, some chapters deal with applied topics. Intuition in Judgment and Decision Making aims not only at the interest of students and researchers of psychology, but also at scholars from neighboring social and behavioral sciences such as economy, sociology, political sciences, and neurosciences.

Research on Judgment and Decision Making

Research on Judgment and Decision Making

Author: William M. Goldstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521483344

Category: Psychology

Page: 772

View: 512

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This book offers an overview of recent research on the psychology of judgment and decision making, the field that investigates the processes by which people draw conclusions, reach evaluations, and make choices. An introductory, historically oriented chapter provides a way of viewing the overall structure of the field, its recent trends, and its possible directions. Subsequent sections present significant recent papers by prominent researchers, organized to reveal the currents, connections, and controversies that animate the field. Current trends in the field are illustrated with papers from ongoing streams of research. The papers on "connections" explore memory, explanation and argument, affect, attitudes, and motivation. Finally, a section on "controversies" presents problem representation, domain knowledge, content specificity, rule-governed versus rule-described behavior, and proposals for radical departures and new beginnings in the field. Students and researchers in psychology who have an interest in cognitive processes will find this text to be rewarding reading.

Heuristics and Biases

Heuristics and Biases

Author: Thomas Gilovich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521796792

Category: Psychology

Page: 884

View: 760

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This book, first published in 2002, compiles psychologists' best attempts to answer important questions about intuitive judgment.

Handbook of Intuition Research

Handbook of Intuition Research

Author: Marta Sinclair

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9780857936370

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 275

View: 538

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This groundbreaking interdisciplinary Handbook showcases the latest intuition research, integrated in a framework that reconciles various views on what intuition is and how it works. The internationally renowned group of contributors presents their findings in five areas. Part I explores different facets of the intuiting process and its outcome, the role of consciousness and affect, and alternative ways of capturing intuition. Part II deals with its function in expertise, strategy, entrepreneurship, and ethics. Part III outlines intuitive decision making in critical occupations, the legal profession, medicine, the film and wine industries, and teaching. Part IV pushes the boundaries of our current understanding by exploring the possibility of non local intuition, based on the principles of quantum holography. Part V investigates different ways of developing intuitive skills. This cutting-edge, comprehensive Handbook will prove essential for academics and research students of the social sciences, particularly management, psychology, sociology, entrepreneurship, leadership, team dynamics, HR and training. It will also be an invaluable resource for industry professionals searching for soft-core methods to increase productivity and creativity/innovation, to improve leadership and organizational climate, or to adopt new staff training and development methods.

Foundations for Tracing Intuition

Foundations for Tracing Intuition

Author: Andreas Glöckner

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135181468

Category: Psychology

Page: 303

View: 213

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These new classifications range from learning approaches to complex cue integration models.

Analogical Reasoning in Law

Analogical Reasoning in Law

Author: Maciej Koszowski

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527532496

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 250

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This work tackles the most intriguing type of reasoning which one may employ within the field of law. In addition to the merits and drawbacks of legal analogy, it discusses the orthodox approaches to it, together with their critical analysis, also posing challenges that these conceptions have difficulty in managing. As an alternative, the book advances an account of legal analogical reasoning that correlates well with the division into rational and intuitive thinking that occurs in contemporary psychology. By doing so, many of the unique properties of legal analogy which have been traditionally associated with it and which have often been difficult to explain become readily understandable. Moreover, the very source of the almost mystical faith in power and infallibleness of such analogy is revealed here, while this faith—astonishing or not—not only escapes condemnation, but is shown to be warranted from a scientific point of view. Finally, the book also presents vast scope of application, premises, schematic structures and factors able to influence the force of legal analogy.

Handbook of Research Methods on Intuition

Handbook of Research Methods on Intuition

Author: Marta Sinclair

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782545996

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 685

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How does one go about studying intuition _ a complex, cross-disciplinary field, which is still developing? How can intuition be captured in situ? How can a researcher harness their own intuition? This book uses method-related themes to help an

Judgment and Choice

Judgment and Choice

Author: Robin M. Hogarth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: MINN:31951000738972H

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 101

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This volume examines the intuitive basis that underlies human decision-making. Formal decision-making methods are discussed, although the emphasis is on the unstructured, natural way people make judgements and exercise choice. The major goal of the book is to help people make better decisions, and the author's psychological point of view differs from the standard texts on the subject, which stress decision-making methodology, statistical decision theory and related subjects. The author observes how people are generally unaware of how they make decisions and, often, why they prefer one alternative to others. A notable theme of this book is that intuition can be both studied and educated. Chapters cover the nature of human judgement, randomness and the probabilistic environment, the role of memory in judgement, creativity, imagination, choice, and more. Appendices.

International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

Author: Linden J. Ball

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317534761

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 646

View: 370

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The Routledge International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning is an authoritative reference work providing a balanced overview of current scholarship spanning the full breadth of the rapidly developing and expanding field of thinking and reasoning. It contains 35 chapters written by leading international researchers, covering foundational issues as well as state-of-the-art developments in thinking and reasoning research. Topics covered range across all sub-areas of thinking and reasoning, including deduction, induction, abduction, judgment, decision making, argumentation, problem solving, expertise, creativity and rationality. The contributors engage with cutting-edge debates such as the status of dual-process theories of thinking, the role of unconscious, intuitive, emotional and metacognitive processes in thinking, and the importance of probabilistic conceptualisations of thinking and reasoning. Authors also examine the importance of neuroscientific findings in informing theoretical developments, and explore the situated nature of thinking and reasoning across a range of real-world contexts such as mathematics, medicine and science. The Handbook provides a clear sense of the way in which contemporary ideas are challenging traditional viewpoints as "new paradigm of the psychology of reasoning" emerges. This paradigm-shifting research is paving the way toward a richer and more inclusive understanding of thinking and reasoning, where important new questions drive a forward-looking research agenda. It is essential reading for both established researchers in the field of thinking and reasoning as well as advanced students wishing to learn more about both the historical foundations and latest developments in this rapidly growing field.

Insight and Intuition – Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Insight and Intuition – Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Author: Michael Öllinger

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889455195

Category:

Page: 168

View: 578

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Insight and intuition might be the most mysterious and fascinating fields of human thinking and problem solving. They are different from standard and analytical problem solving accounts and provide the basis for creative and innovative thinking. Until now they were investigated in separate academic fields with differing tradition. Therefore, this eBook attempts to bridge the gap between both processes and to provide a more integrated perspective. Several experts address the underlying cognitive processes and provide a broad spectrum of new empirical, theoretical, and methodological insights.

Psychology of Learning and Motivation

Psychology of Learning and Motivation

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128003916

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 498

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Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter thoughtfully integrates the writings of leading contributors, who present and discuss significant bodies of research relevant to their discipline. Volume 60 includes chapters on such varied topics as the balance between mindfulness and mind-wandering; institutions; implications for the nature of memory traces; repetition, spacing, and abstraction; immediate repetition paradigms; stimulus-response compatibility effects; environmental knowledge; and the control of visual attention. Volume 60 of the highly regarded Psychology of Learning and Motivation series An essential reference for researchers and academics in cognitive science Relevant to both applied concerns and basic research

Judgment, Decision-making and Success in Sport

Judgment, Decision-making and Success in Sport

Author: Michael Bar-Eli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470694541

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 234

View: 802

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Judgment, Decision-Making and Success in Sport presents a thorough overview and assessment of the study of Judgment and Decision-Making (JDM) in sports psychology, and represents an important source of information for those interested in the possible causes and reasons for success and failure in sport. The only book to apply the principles of JDM to sport Applies theory to practice by looking at problems of athletes, coaches, and referees and providing recommendations for dealing with them Offers an overview of current JDM research Useful for psychologists, physical education teachers, sports scientists, and researchers in this field