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Microwave Tomography

Microwave Tomography

Author: Sima Noghanian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493907526

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 198

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This book provides a detailed overview on the use of global optimization and parallel computing in microwave tomography techniques. The book focuses on techniques that are based on global optimization and electromagnetic numerical methods. The authors provide parallelization techniques on homogeneous and heterogeneous computing architectures on high performance and general purpose futuristic computers. The book also discusses the multi-level optimization technique, hybrid genetic algorithm and its application in breast cancer imaging.

Microwave Imaging

Microwave Imaging

Author: Matteo Pastorino

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470602478

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 367

View: 940

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An introduction to the most relevant theoretical and algorithmic aspects of modern microwave imaging approaches Microwave imaging—a technique used in sensing a given scene by means of interrogating microwaves—has recently proven its usefulness in providing excellent diagnostic capabilities in several areas, including civil and industrial engineering, nondestructive testing and evaluation, geophysical prospecting, and biomedical engineering. Microwave Imaging offers comprehensive descriptions of the most important techniques so far proposed for short-range microwave imaging—including reconstruction procedures and imaging systems and apparatus—enabling the reader to use microwaves for diagnostic purposes in a wide range of applications. This hands-on resource features: A review of the electromagnetic inverse scattering problem formulation, written from an engineering perspective and with notations The most effective reconstruction techniques based on diffracted waves, including time- and frequency-domain methods, as well as deterministic and stochastic space-domain procedures Currently proposed imaging apparatus, aimed at fast and accurate measurements of the scattered field data Insight on near field probes, microwave axial tomographs, and microwave cameras and scanners A discussion of practical applications with detailed descriptions and discussions of several specific examples (e.g., materials evaluation, crack detection, inspection of civil and industrial structures, subsurface detection, and medical applications) A look at emerging techniques and future trends Microwave Imaging is a practical resource for engineers, scientists, researchers, and professors in the fields of civil and industrial engineering, nondestructive testing and evaluation, geophysical prospecting, and biomedical engineering.

An Introduction to Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer Detection

An Introduction to Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer Detection

Author: Raquel Cruz Conceição

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319278667

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 175

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This book collates past and current research on one of the most promising emerging modalities for breast cancer detection. Readers will discover how, as a standalone technology or in conjunction with another modality, microwave imaging has the potential to provide reliable, safe and comfortable breast exams at low cost. Current breast imaging modalities include X- ray, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Positron Emission Tomography. Each of these methods suffers from limitations, including poor sensitivity or specificity, high cost, patient discomfort, and exposure to potentially harmful ionising radiation. Microwave breast imaging is based on a contrast in the dielectric properties of breast tissue that exists at microwave frequencies. The book begins by considering the anatomy and dielectric properties of the breast, contrasting historical and recent studies. Next, radar-based breast imaging algorithms are discussed, encompassing both early-stage artefact removal, and data independent and adaptive beamforming algorithms. In a similar fashion, microwave tomographic reconstruction algorithms are reviewed in the following chapter, introducing the reader to both the fundamental and more advanced algorithms. Apart from imaging, the book also reviews research efforts in extracting clinically useful information from the Radar Target Signature of breast tumours, which is used to classify tumours as either benign or malignant. Finally, the book concludes by describing the current state of the art in terms of prototype microwave breast imaging systems, with a particular emphasis on those which have progressed to the clinical evaluation stage. This work is motivated by the fact that breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death amongst women in Europe and the US, and the second most common cancer in the world today. Such an important area of research will appeal to many scholars and practitioners.p>

Process Tomography

Process Tomography

Author: M S Beck

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080938011

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 855

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Written by international experts in this field, the book describes the principles of, and presents case studies for, the wide range of tomographic imaging techniques that can be used in the process industries. It includes sufficient introductory material to this multi-disciplinary subject in order that readers from a variety of backgrounds will be able to fully understand the fundamental principles and features of the sensors and image reconstruction techniques needed for process tomography.

Principles and Applications of RF/Microwave in Healthcare and Biosensing

Principles and Applications of RF/Microwave in Healthcare and Biosensing

Author: Changzhi Li

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128092187

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 342

View: 878

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This reference, written by leading authorities in the field, gives basic theory, implementation details, advanced research, and applications of RF and microwave in healthcare and biosensing. It first provides a solid understanding of the fundamentals with coverage of the basics of microwave engineering and the interaction between electromagnetic waves and biomaterials. It then presents the state-of-the-art development in microwave biosensing, implantable devices -including applications of microwave technology for sensing biological tissues – and medical diagnosis, along with applications involving remote patient monitoring. this book is an ideal reference for RF and microwave engineer working on, or thinking of working on, the applications of RF and Microwave technology in medicine and biology. Learn: The fundamentals of RF and microwave engineering in healthcare and biosensing How to combine biological and medical aspects of the field with underlying engineering concepts How to implement microwave biosensing for material characterization and cancer diagnosis Applications and functioning of wireless implantable biomedical devices and microwave non-contact biomedical radars How to combine devices, systems, and methods for new practical applications The first book to review the fundamentals, latest developments, and future trends in this important emerging field with emphasis on engineering aspects of sensing, monitoring, and diagnosis using RF and Microwave Extensive coverage of biosensing applications are included Written by leaders in the field, including members of the Technical Coordinating Committee of the Biological Effects and Medical Applications of the IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society

Introduction to Microwave Imaging

Introduction to Microwave Imaging

Author: Natalia K. Nikolova

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108380386

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

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With this self-contained, introductory text, readers will easily understand the fundamentals of microwave and radar image generation. Written with the complete novice in mind, and including an easy-to-follow introduction to electromagnetic scattering theory, it covers key topics such as forward models of scattering for interpreting S-parameter and time-dependent voltage data, S-parameters and their analytical sensitivity formulae, basic methods for real-time image reconstruction using frequency-sweep and pulsed-radar signals, and metrics for evaluating system performance. Numerous application examples and practical tutorial exercises provided throughout allow quick understanding of key concepts, and sample MATLAB codes implementing key reconstruction algorithms accompany the book online. This one-stop resource is ideal for graduate students taking introductory courses in microwave imaging, as well as researchers and industry professionals wanting to learn the fundamentals of the field.

Adaptive Array Systems

Adaptive Array Systems

Author: Ben Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470861894

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 294

View: 888

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In the last fifty years, extensive studies have been carried out worldwide in the field of adaptive array systems. However, far from being a mature technology with little research left to tackle, there is seemingly unlimited scope to develop the fundamental characteristics and applications of adaptive antennas for future 3G and 4G mobile communications systems, ultra wideband wireless and satellite and navigation systems, and this informative text shows you how! Provides an accessible resource on adaptive array fundamentals as well as coverage of adaptive algorithms and advanced topics Analyses the performance of various wideband beamforming techniques in wideband array processing Comprehensively covers implementation issues related to such elements as circular arrays, channel modelling and transmit beam forming, highlighting the challenges facing a designer during the development phase Supports practical implementation considerations with detailed case studies on wideband arrays, radar, sonar and biomedical imaging, terrestrial wireless systems and satellite communication systems Includes examples and problems throughout to aid understanding Companion website features Solutions Manual, Matlab Programs and Electronic versions of some figures Adaptive Array Systems is essential reading for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in the field of adaptive array systems. It will also have instant appeal to engineers and designers in industry engaged in developing and deploying the technology. This volume will also be invaluable to those working in radar, sonar and bio-medical applications.

Non-Invasive Thermometry of the Human Body

Non-Invasive Thermometry of the Human Body

Author: Michio Miyakawa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000722147

Category: Mathematics

Page: 261

View: 856

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This exciting book describes the latest technology in non-invasive thermometry that measures temperature distribution, with discussions focusing on image-based techniques. This is the first book devoted entirely to this topic. An international team of experts detail all important techniques for possible non-invasive thermometry. Descriptions of each technique explain in depth the principles of measurement, the measurement system, obtained temperature image, and the future prospects for the method.

Medicine and Biopharmaceutical

Medicine and Biopharmaceutical

Author: Masahide Takahashi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814719827

Category: Medical

Page: 1544

View: 391

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' This book provides an all-embracing review of each and every author''s study on the related topics and areas. For instance, some author''s study on Chinese Medicine, and some other researchers'' survey on biomedical engineering. Moreover, there are also papers that focus on information based bioinformatics, pharmacy and medicinal chemistry and biopharmaceutical technology. Contents:Medical ScienceBiomedical Engineering and BiotechnologyBiological PharmaceuticalFood Hygiene, Environment and Human Readership: Pharmaceutical researchers and health professionals. Key Features:This book contains a large range of topics, from medicine and medical science, bioinformatics to biomedical engineering and biological pharmaceutical. It is an invaluable source for other researchers, engineers, and academicians, as well as industrial professionalsIt welcomes authors from universities, institutions, labs, etc., which means that it provides different information according to different readers and different needsThis book will not only serve as a reference to the readers, but also an important tool for the authors to re-examine their researchers by comparing them to other similar ones shown in other papersKeywords:Medicine;Pharmacy;Traditional Chinese Medicine'

Microwave Heating

Microwave Heating

Author: Usha Chandra

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533075730

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 385

View: 677

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The Microwave heating has not only revolutionized the food industry but also has extended its wings widely towards its multidimensional applications. Thus it has opened new vistas of potential research in science and technology. The book is compiled into Seventeen Chapters highlighting different aspects varying from epistemological discussion to applicability of conceptual constructs. The inclusion of discussion on the avenues in the field of Chemistry, Health

Subsurface Sensing

Subsurface Sensing

Author: Ahmet S. Turk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470608562

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 510

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This book provides readers with a solid understanding of the capabilities and limitations of the techniques used for buried object detection. Presenting theory along with applications and the existing technology, it covers the most recent developments in hardware and software technologies of sensor systems with a focus on primary sensors such as Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and auxiliary sensors such as Nuclear Quadruple Resonance (NQR). It is essential reading for students, practitioners, specialists, and academicians involved in the design and implementation of buried object detection sensors.