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Rational Choice and Situational Crime Prevention

Rational Choice and Situational Crime Prevention

Author: Graeme Newman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351906760

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 412

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A collection of original papers examining the theoretical and philosophical bases of the perspective of situational crime prevention. Among issues examined are: the status of situational crime prevention as a theory; the theoretical traditions and context of SCP; the relationship of rational choice to SCP; utilitarianism and SCP; and the ethical./policy implications of SCP.

The Future of Rational Choice for Crime Prevention

The Future of Rational Choice for Crime Prevention

Author: Danielle M. Reynald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315441184

Category: Social Science

Page: 118

View: 278

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The rational choice perspective (RCP) is currently the core theoretical approach underpinning situational crime prevention (SCP). To date, many crimes have been studied through the lens of RCP, which increased our understanding of these phenomena, how they are committed and how they could potentially be prevented through SCP. This book, designed with the hope of moving RCP forward for SCP purposes, takes a challenging but novel step in providing leading experts from different disciplines with the opportunity to express themselves on how we could best achieve this task. This book explores various perspectives, which include the development of frameworks based on the role of situations in crime or forensic sciences for improving crime prevention practices. The need to consider affective states and other offender-related factors to improve our understanding of offender decision-making models is highlighted as a means to better predict which SCP mechanisms may be most useful in discouraging particular types of offenders. Finally, it is also argued that the use of RCP should be more pragmatic and that this perspective should be preserved and adapted based on what we find in our experiments. Taken together, these theoretically distinctive and challenging contributions ultimately guide how crime prevention practices could be best approached in the future.

Routine Activity and Rational Choice

Routine Activity and Rational Choice

Author: R. V. G. Clarke

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412833486

Category: Social Science

Page: 418

View: 437

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Two new criminological approaches are defined and applied to categories of crime in Routine Activity and Rational Choice, now available in paperback. Routine activity analyzes the criminal event, and avoids motivations and psychology as topics for discussion, whereas rational choice approaches crime as purposive behavior designed to meet the offender's commonplace needs, such as money, status, sex, and excitement. These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence. This volume discusses the relationship of these theories to more traditional approaches to crime studies. The Advances in Criminological Theory series encourages theory construction and validation in the articles and themes selected for publication. It also furthers the free exchange of ideas, propositions, and postulates. Following publication of the first volume, Michael J. Lynch of Florida State University asserted that "Advances in Criminological Theory is to be applauded as an attempt to revive criminological theory by providing an accessible outlet." Contributions to this volume include: Pierre Tremblay, "Searching for Suitable Co-offenders"; Raymond Paternoster and Sally Simpson, "A Rational Choice Theory of Corporate Crime"; Richard B. Felson, "Predatory and Dispute-related Violence"; Gordon Trasler, "Conscience, Opportunity, Rational Choice, and Crime"; Ezzat A. Fattah, "The Rational Choice/Opportunity Perspectives as a Vehicle for Integrating Criminological and Victimological Theories"; Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham, "Environment, Routine, and Situation"; Maurice Cusson, "A Strategic Analysis of Crime"; Richard W. Harding, "Gun Use in Crime, Rational Choice, and Social Learning Theory."

Crime Opportunity Theories

Crime Opportunity Theories

Author: Mangai Natarajan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351570695

Category: History

Page: 1005

View: 254

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Opportunity theories of crime seek to explain the occurrence of crime rather than simply the existence of criminal dispositions. They emphasize the fundamental element in the criminal act of opportunity: how this arises, how it is perceived, evaluated and acted on by those with criminal dispositions. This volume brings together influential research articles on opportunity theories of crime by leading theorists such as Cohen and Felson on routine activity theory and Clarke and Cornish on the bounded rational choice perspective. The articles also include more recent theoretical developments and studies of situational crime prevention of specific twenty-first century crimes. These articles attest to the sheer volume as well to as the richness and the variety of work designed to reduce crime that has forever changed the face of criminology and criminal justice.

Understanding Crime Prevention

Understanding Crime Prevention

Author: Hughes, Gordon

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335199402

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 590

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This book offers a comprehensive overview of current and historical debates about crime prevention in particular and social control more generally. It moves beyond the traditional boundaries of criminology and offers an original re-framing of the field of crime prevention based on a synthesis of exciting new thinking in social theory.

Understanding and Responding to the Terrorism Phenomenon

Understanding and Responding to the Terrorism Phenomenon

Author: Ozgur Nikbay

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586037505

Category: Political Science

Page: 449

View: 271

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Since terrorism is a global issue, counter-terrorism studies are also a global issue which requires cooperation and collaboration of multi-dimensional groups. This publication includes the researches, experiences and perceptions of different parts of this cooperation and collaboration.

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Author: Nick Tilley

Publisher: Willan

ISBN: 9781134014637

Category:

Page: 809

View: 785

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This book provides a comprehensive, authoritative and wide-ranging account of the background, theory and practice of crime prevention and community safety. It will be essential reading for anybody with interests in these fields, and will be the major work of reference on this subject for those engaged in the practice, study or teaching of crime prevention. The book provides a detailed overview of the main theories and perspectives informing crime prevention policy and practice, and includes chapters covering efforts to address a number of the main types of crime problem. It also includes chapters relating to research methodologies used in conducting and evaluating crime prevention initiatives.

Countering Terrorism

Countering Terrorism

Author: Updesh Kumar

Publisher: SAGE Publishing India

ISBN: 9788132117148

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 275

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Countering Terrorism: Psychosocial Strategies contextualizes the issues related to terrorism and places the discourse within the ambit of sociocultural theories. The book goes beyond the obvious and commonsensical notions and discusses the relevant issues from interdisciplinary perspectives, informed by theoretical stances of not only psychological sciences, but other social sciences like political science, criminology, military, and sociology as well. The volume contains 18 chapters by expert authors with diverse cultural backgrounds and provides a wide ranging canvas for multifaceted understanding of the terror phenomenon. The opening section, 'Understanding Terrorism: Psychosocial Issues', places emphasis on developing a well-heeled construct with strong theoretical foundations and empirical understanding of the psycho-socio-cultural dynamics involved in perpetration of terror acts. The second section, 'Countering Terrorism: Psychosocial Avenues', flows from the understanding thus attained and expounds counter-terror strategies and preventive measures that go beyond the obvious short-term goals and envisage the creation of a peaceful world.

Environmental Criminology

Environmental Criminology

Author: Martin A. Andresen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429848599

Category: Social Science

Page: 357

View: 218

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The field of environmental criminology is a staple theoretical framework in contemporary criminological theory. This fully revised and expanded edition of the world’s first comprehensive and sole-authored textbook on this influential school of criminological thought covers a wide range of topics, including: the origins of environmental criminology; the primary theoretical frameworks, such as routine activity theory, geometry of crime, rational choice theory, and the pattern theory of crime; the practical application of environmental criminology; an examination of how theories are operationalized and tested; and policy implications for the practice of crime prevention. As well as these popular topics, Martin Andresen also discusses a number of topics that are at the leading edge of research within environmental criminology. New to the second edition are chapters on empirical support for the various models of crime prevention covered and on the growing literature on "the journey to crime". This text will be ideal for courses on crime prevention, where students are often encouraged to consider policy problems and apply theory to practice. This book offers up environmental criminology as a theoretical framework for making sense of complex neighborhood problems, so it is also perfect for courses on geography of crime, crime analysis, and, indeed, environmental criminology. It would also be a good supplement for courses on criminological theory.

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making

Author: Wim Bernasco

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199338801

Category: Law

Page: 777

View: 870

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Preface -- Editor's introduction -- Rational choice theory, heuristics and biases -- Evolutionary approaches to rational choice -- Multiple interpretations of rationality in offender decision making -- Situational crime prevention and offender decision making -- Biosocial criminology and models of criminal decision making -- Perceptual deterrence -- Game theory -- Dual-process models of criminal decision making -- Personality and offender decision-making: the theoretical, empirical, and practical implications for criminology -- Temporal discounting, present orientation, and criminal deterrence -- The role of moral beliefs, shame, and guilt in criminal decision-making : an overview of theoretical trameworks and empirical results -- Neural mechanisms of criminal decision making in adolescence : the roles of executive functioning and empathy -- Social learner decision-making : matching theory as a unifying framework for recasting a general theory -- Victim selection -- Co-offending and co-offender selection -- Informal guardians and offender decision making -- Police and offender choices : a framework -- Crime location choice : state-of-the-art and avenues for future research -- High stakes: the role of weapons in offender decision-making -- The effect of alcohol and arousal on criminal decision making -- Emotions in offender decision making -- Experimental designs in the study of offender decision-making -- Observational methods of offender decision making -- Understanding offender decision making using surveys, interviews, and life event calendars -- Simulating crime event decision making : agent-based social simulations in criminology -- Modeling offender decision-making with secondary data -- "Deciding" to kill : understanding homicide offenders' decision-making -- Coldblooded and badass : a "hot/cool" approach to understanding carjackers' decisions -- The reasoning sex offender -- Burglary decisions -- Offender decision-making in corporate and white-collar crime -- Organized crime and protection rackets -- Appendix: research methods -- Notes -- Works cited -- Index