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Recent Advances in Nano-Tailored Multi-Functional Cementitious Composites

Recent Advances in Nano-Tailored Multi-Functional Cementitious Composites

Author: Mustafa Sahmaran

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323852296

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 419

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Over the past few years, concrete technology has advanced quite dramatically thanks to the use of a great variety of additives and admixtures, which have paved the way for the effective development of new-generation concrete mixtures. Among these additives and admixtures, nanomaterials used in construction materials such as paste, mortar, and concrete mixtures have become very popular recently. Much of the previous attention in regard to the utilization of nanomaterials in construction materials was specifically devoted to the characterization of their fresh-state, hydration, microstructure, pore structure, mechanical, transport, and durability properties. However, research into the tailoring of multi-functional properties of construction materials (especially cementitious) with the use of nanomaterials is still in its infancy. Recent Advances in Nano-Tailored Multi-Functional Cementitious Composites aims to capture recent major scientific advances and the current state of the art in multi-functional cementitious composites developed with nanomaterials. The book will provide researchers, engineers, and other stakeholders with an insight into future directions of multi-functional capabilities of cementitious composites. Chapters focus on the large-scale development, characterization, and application of multi-functional cementitious composites addressing the following topics: nano-modified concrete; strain-hardening cementitious composites; self-sensing concrete; self-healing and bacteria-based concrete; self-cleaning concrete; self-consolidating concrete; material/construction technology for 3D printing; thermal insulation capability; green concretes including geopolymer concrete; nanoscale characterization methods; low CO2 reactive magnesia cements; and future developments and challenges of nano-tailored cementitious composites. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists, and civil engineers working on the development and application of nano-tailored multi-functional cementitious composites. Provides very comprehensive and unique details about multi-functional properties of cementitious composites Presents a detailed account of investigations conducted into the application of nanomaterials and nanoscale tailoring to achieve multi-functional properties for cementitious composites Features state-of-the-art preparation, production, processing, and implementation techniques of nanoscale tailoring of multi-functional cementitious composites starting from laboratory to large scale

Recent Advances in Nano-Tailored Multi-Functional Cementitious Composites

Recent Advances in Nano-Tailored Multi-Functional Cementitious Composites

Author: Mustafa Şahmaran

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780323852302

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 343

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Over the past few years, concrete technology has advanced quite dramatically thanks to the use of a great variety of additives and admixtures, which have paved the way for the effective development of new-generation concrete mixtures. Among these additives and admixtures, nanomaterials used in construction materials such as paste, mortar, and concrete mixtures have become very popular recently. Much of the previous attention in regard to the utilization of nanomaterials in construction materials was specifically devoted to the characterization of their fresh-state, hydration, microstructure, pore structure, mechanical, transport, and durability properties. However, research into the tailoring of multi-functional properties of construction materials (especially cementitious) with the use of nanomaterials is still in its infancy. Recent Advances in Nano-Tailored Multi-Functional Cementitious Composites aims to capture recent major scientific advances and the current state of the art in multi-functional cementitious composites developed with nanomaterials. The book will provide researchers, engineers, and other stakeholders with an insight into future directions of multi-functional capabilities of cementitious composites. Chapters focus on the large-scale development, characterization, and application of multi-functional cementitious composites addressing the following topics: nano-modified concrete; strain-hardening cementitious composites; self-sensing concrete; self-healing and bacteria-based concrete; self-cleaning concrete; self-consolidating concrete; material/construction technology for 3D printing; thermal insulation capability; green concretes including geopolymer concrete; nanoscale characterization methods; low CO2 reactive magnesia cements; and future developments and challenges of nano-tailored cementitious composites. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists, and civil engineers working on the development and application of nano-tailored multi-functional cementitious composites. Provides very comprehensive and unique details about multi-functional properties of cementitious composites. Presents a detailed account of investigations conducted into the application of nanomaterials and nanoscale tailoring to achieve multi-functional properties for cementitious composites. Features state-of-the-art preparation, production, processing, and implementation techniques of nanoscale tailoring of multi-functional cementitious composites starting from laboratory to large scale.

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing

Author: Sabu Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128236529

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 632

View: 787

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Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing provides information on the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanosensors in smart manufacturing processes. In smart production, if the products and machines are integrated, embedded, or equipped with sensors, the system can immediately collect the current operating parameters, predict the product quality, and then feed back the optimal parameters to machines in the production line. In this regard, smart sensors and their wireless networks are important components of smart manufacturing. Nanomaterials-based sensors (nanosensors) offer several advantages over their microscale counterparts, including lower power consumption, fast response time, high sensitivity, lower concentration of analytes, and smaller interaction distance between sensors and products. With the support of artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, neural networks, and ambient intelligence, sensor systems have become smarter. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how nanoscale sensors can enhance smart manufacturing techniques and processes. Outlines the smart nanosensor classes used in manufacturing applications Shows how nanosensors are being used to make more efficient manufacturing systems Assesses the major obstacles to designing nanosensor-based manufacturing systems at an industrial scale

Nano and Microstructural Design of Advanced Materials

Nano and Microstructural Design of Advanced Materials

Author: M. A. Meyers

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080537235

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 213

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The importance of the nanoscale effects has been recognized in materials research for over fifty years, but it is only recently that advanced characterization and fabrication methods are enabling scientists to build structures atom-by-atom or molecule-by molecule. The understanding and control of the nanostructure has been, to a large extent, made possible by new atomistic analysis and characterization methods pioneered by transmission electron microscopy. Nano and Microstructural Design of Advanced Materials focuses on the effective use of such advanced analysis and characterization techniques in the design of materials. Teaches effective use of advanced analysis and characterization methods at an atomistic level Contains many supporting examples of materials in which such design concepts have been successfully applied

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications

Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128133521

Category: Science

Page: 1142

View: 816

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Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications explores the use of novel nanomaterials in the industrial arena. The book covers nanomaterials and the techniques that can play vital roles in many industrial procedures, such as increasing sensitivity, magnifying precision and improving production limits. In addition, the book stresses that these approaches tend to provide green, sustainable solutions for industrial developments. Finally, the legal, economical and toxicity aspects of nanomaterials are covered in detail, making this is a comprehensive, important resource for anyone wanting to learn more about how nanomaterials are changing the way we create products in modern industry. Demonstrates how cutting-edge developments in nanomaterials translate into real-world innovations in a range of industry sectors Explores how using nanomaterials can help engineers to create innovative consumer products Discusses the legal, economical and toxicity issues arising from the industrial applications of nanomaterials

Tailored Functional Materials

Tailored Functional Materials

Author: Kalisadhan Mukherjee

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811925726

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 118

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This book presents the select proceedings of the International Symposium entitled “Materials of the Millennium: Emerging Trends and Future Prospects” (MMETFP 2021). It discusses the synthesis, tailoring, and characterization of different materials for functional applications in various sectors which include but not limited to energy, environment, biomedical/ health care, construction, transportation etc. Topics covered in this book are synthesis and characterization of polymers, ceramics, composites, biomaterials, carbon-based nanostructures as well as materials for green environment, structural materials, modeling and simulation of materials. The book also covers the topic of emerging trends in nanostructured materials, thin films, and devices. The book is useful for students, researchers, and professionals working in the various areas of materials science and engineering.

Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites

Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites

Author: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527349302

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 615

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Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites Discover a comprehensive exploration of fiber reinforced polymers by an expert team of editors Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites offer several unique properties that make them ideal for use in a wide range of industries, from automotive and aerospace to marine, construction, and co-industrial. In Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications, a distinguished team of mechanical engineers delivers a comprehensive overview of fiber reinforced composites. This edited volume includes thorough discussions of glass-, cotton-, and carbon-fiber reinforced materials, as well as the tribological properties and non-structural applications of synthetic fiber composites. Readers will also find practical explorations of the structural evolution, mechanical features, and future possibilities of fiber, textile, and nano-cementitious materials. The physical and chemical properties of cotton fiber-based composites are explored at length, as are the extraordinary mechanical, thermal, electrical, electronic, and field emission properties of carbon nanotubes. This singular book also includes: A thorough discussion of recent advancements in natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, their implications, and the opportunities that arise as a result A comprehensive exploration of the thermal behavior of natural fiber-based composites An insightful review of the literature on sisal fiber with polymer matrices A response to the growing research gap in the existing literature regarding natural fiber-based polymer composites and solutions to address it Perfect for scientists, engineers, professors, and students working in areas involving natural and synthetic reinforced polymers and composites, Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications offers a one-of-a-kind resource to help readers understand a critical and rapidly evolving technology.

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials

Author: Mohd Shahir Liew

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128178553

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 724

View: 665

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Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites

Engineered Cementitious Composites for Electrified Roadway in Megacities

Engineered Cementitious Composites for Electrified Roadway in Megacities

Author: Ali Aryo Bawono

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030885427

Category: Building materials

Page: 279

View: 867

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This book describes the development of an innovative solution for electrified roadway pavements based on engineered cementitious composites, which are exhibiting an extreme tensile strain capacity that is much higher than conventional concrete. This enables the pavement to work without steel reinforcement and to embed a dynamic wireless power transfer technology for charging electric vehicles. At first, the book presents a modified performance-driven design approach to improve the composites to achieve the optimum pavement design in terms of functional and structural performance. It shows that the modified composites can be used to fulfil the safety and comfort factors without neglecting the characteristics of conventional ones. Further, 3D finite element and fluid dynamics models are used to analyse the pavement properties. The validated models can predict the functional performance, including skid resistance, surface water drainage, and noise. In the remaining part of the thesis, an environmentally-friendly photocatalytic function for pavement made of engineered cementitious composites is investigated. In turn, a multi-criteria design analysis is proposed to identify the optimum functional performance of the pavements. All in all, this book reports on a comprehensive approach to design, analyse and optimize engineered cementitious composites for electrified road pavement application. A special emphasis is given on applications in Singapore and other tropical megacities.

The Rise of Smart Cities

The Rise of Smart Cities

Author: Amir Alavi

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780128177853

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 261

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The Rise of Smart Cities: Advanced Structural Sensing and Monitoring Systems provides engineers and researchers with a guide to the latest breakthroughs in the deployment of smart sensing and monitoring technologies. The book introduces readers to the latest innovations in the area of smart infrastructure-enabling technologies and how they can be integrated into the planning and design of smart cities. With this book in hand, readers will find a valuable reference in terms of civil infrastructure health monitoring, advanced sensor network architectures, smart sensing materials, multifunctional material and structures, crowdsourced/social sensing, remote sensing and aerial sensing, and advanced computation in sensor networks. Reviews the latest development in smart structural health monitoring (SHM) systems Introduces all major algorithms, with a focus on practical implementation Includes real-world applications and case studies Opens up a new horizon for robust structural sensing methods and their applications in smart cities

Comprehensive Biomaterials II

Comprehensive Biomaterials II

Author: Kevin Healy

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780081006924

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 4858

View: 374

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Comprehensive Biomaterials II, Second Edition brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one expertly-written series of edited volumes. Articles address the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, research and development, regulatory management, commercial aspects, and applications, including medical applications. Detailed coverage is given to both new and emerging areas and the latest research in more traditional areas of the field. Particular attention is given to those areas in which major recent developments have taken place. This new edition, with 75% new or updated articles, will provide biomedical scientists in industry, government, academia, and research organizations with an accurate perspective on the field in a manner that is both accessible and thorough. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance, and future prospects Covers all significant emerging technologies in areas such as 3D printing of tissues, organs and scaffolds, cell encapsulation; multimodal delivery, cancer/vaccine - biomaterial applications, neural interface understanding, materials used for in situ imaging, and infection prevention and treatment Effectively describes the many modern aspects of biomaterials from basic science, to clinical applications

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice

Author: Fatima Zivic

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319680255

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 830

View: 523

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This book covers the properties of biomaterials that have found wide clinical applications, while also reviewing the state-of-the-art in the development towards future medical applications, starting with a brief introduction to the history of biomaterials used in hip arthroplasty. The book then reviews general types of biomaterials – polymers, ceramics, and metals, as well as different material structures such as porous materials and coatings and their applications – before exploring various current research trends, such as biodegradable and porous metals, shape memory alloys, bioactive biomaterials and coatings, and nanometals used in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer. In turn, the book discusses a range of methods and approaches used in connection with biomaterial properties and characterization – chemical properties, biocompatibility, in vivo behaviour characterisation, as well as genotoxicity and mutagenicity – and reviews various diagnostic techniques: histopathological analysis, imagining techniques, and methods for physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization. Properties of stent deployment procedures in cardiovascular surgeries, from aspects of prediction, development and deployment of stent geometries are presented on the basis of novel modelling approaches. The last part of the book presents the clinical applications of biomaterials, together with case studies in dentistry, knee and hip prosthesis. Reflecting the efforts of a multidisciplinary team of authors, gathering chemical engineers, medical doctors, physicists and engineers, it presents a rich blend of perspectives on the application of biomaterials in clinical practice. The book will provide clinicians with an essential review of currently available solutions in specific medical areas, also incorporating non-medical solutions and standpoints, thus offering them a broader selection of materials and implantable solutions. This work is the result of joint efforts of various academic and research institutions participating in WIMB Tempus project, 543898-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPHES, "Development of Sustainable Interrelations between Education, Research and Innovation at WBC Universities in Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials where Innovation Means Business", co-funded by the Tempus Programme of the European Union.