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Reading in the Brain

Reading in the Brain

Author: Stanislas Dehaene

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 9780143118053

Category: Science

Page: 0

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"Brings together the cognitive, the cultural, and the neurological in an elegant, compelling narrative. A revelatory work."--Oliver Sacks, M.D. The act of reading is so easily taken for granted that we forget what an astounding feat it is. How can a few black marks on white paper evoke an entire universe of meanings? It's even more amazing when we consider that we read using a primate brain that evolved to serve an entirely different purpose. In this riveting investigation, Stanislas Dehaene, author of How We Learn, explores every aspect of this human invention, from its origins to its neural underpinnings. A world authority on the subject, Dehaene reveals the hidden logic of spelling, describes pioneering research on hiw we process languages, and takes us into a new appreciation of the brain and its wondrous capacity to adapt.

Summary of Stanislas Dehaene's Reading in the Brain

Summary of Stanislas Dehaene's Reading in the Brain

Author: Everest Media,

Publisher: Everest Media LLC

ISBN: 9798350031522

Category: Science

Page: 55

View: 214

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Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 Reading is a skill that requires the reader to constantly shift their gaze from one spot on the page to another, deciphering the words one by one as they go. #2 Reading is a skill that requires the reader to shift their gaze from one spot on the page to another, deciphering the words one by one as they go. #3 Reading is a skill that requires the reader to shift their gaze from one spot on the page to another, deciphering the words one by one as they go. The most sensitive part of our vision, the fovea, is located in the central part of our retina. The rest of the retina has a coarser resolution. #4 Our perception depends exclusively on the number of letters of a word, not its size on our retina. When the brain prepares to move our eyes, it adapts the distance to be covered to the size of the characters, in order to ensure that our gaze always advances by about seven to nine letters.

SUMMARY - How We Learn: The New Science Of Education And The Brain By Stanislas Dehaene

SUMMARY - How We Learn: The New Science Of Education And The Brain By Stanislas Dehaene

Author: Shortcut Edition

Publisher: Shortcut Edition

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 30

View: 860

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* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. By reading this summary, you will discover the immense and incomparable talent of the human brain: its capacity to learn. You will also discover that : artificial intelligence is not yet equal to human intelligence; we underestimate the knowledge of babies; learning is revising, over and over again; all children and adults would benefit from knowing the four pillars of learning. According to Stanislas Dehaene, learning is the greatest talent of the human brain. In his book "Learning! The talents of the brain, the challenge of machines", he invites teachers, parents and scientists to work together to advance educational sciences and their implementation in schools. Faced with the alarming results of French schoolchildren's performances, Stanislas Dehaene's objective is to awaken in them curiosity and the joy of learning. If you too are enthusiastic about this challenge, follow the guide! *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!

Consciousness and the Brain

Consciousness and the Brain

Author: Stanislas Dehaene

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 9780143126263

Category: Science

Page: 0

View: 172

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WINNER OF THE 2014 BRAIN PRIZE From the acclaimed author of Reading in the Brain and How We Learn, a breathtaking look at the new science that can track consciousness deep in the brain How does our brain generate a conscious thought? And why does so much of our knowledge remain unconscious? Thanks to clever psychological and brain-imaging experiments, scientists are closer to cracking this mystery than ever before. In this lively book, Stanislas Dehaene describes the pioneering work his lab and the labs of other cognitive neuroscientists worldwide have accomplished in defining, testing, and explaining the brain events behind a conscious state. We can now pin down the neurons that fire when a person reports becoming aware of a piece of information and understand the crucial role unconscious computations play in how we make decisions. The emerging theory enables a test of consciousness in animals, babies, and those with severe brain injuries. A joyous exploration of the mind and its thrilling complexities, Consciousness and the Brain will excite anyone interested in cutting-edge science and technology and the vast philosophical, personal, and ethical implications of finally quantifying consciousness.

SUMMARY - Consciousness And The Brain: Deciphering How The Brain Codes Our Thoughts By Stanislas Dehaene

SUMMARY - Consciousness And The Brain: Deciphering How The Brain Codes Our Thoughts By Stanislas Dehaene

Author: Shortcut Edition

Publisher: Shortcut Edition

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 21

View: 797

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* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. By reading this summary, you will discover the latest scientific advances, especially in the field of neurobiology, but especially the latest discoveries concerning the exploration of the brain. You will also discover : what consciousness is and its origin; what consciousness is used for; how information reaches consciousness; what access to consciousness is; that there are tools that allow you to follow the path of information; what happens when we become aware of this information; that there are signatures of consciousness; that an artificial consciousness is possible. Man has always had the intuition that the mind is not in the same domain as the body. Already, the paintings in the caves of Lascaux provide proof of this by representing the body on one side and the mind on the other, personified by a bird. This is the idea of a human dualism theorized by the philosopher René Descartes. However, scientists tend to refute this idea, which they consider to be responsible for a certain delay in scientific research on consciousness. In "The Code of Consciousness", the author demonstrates that the advent of brain imaging has made it possible to transform this philosophical concept into a concrete and scientifically viable subject. *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!

How We Learn

How We Learn

Author: Stanislas Dehaene

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780525559894

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 232

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“There are words that are so familiar they obscure rather than illuminate the thing they mean, and ‘learning’ is such a word. It seems so ordinary, everyone does it. Actually it’s more of a black box, which Dehaene cracks open to reveal the awesome secrets within.”--The New York Times Book Review An illuminating dive into the latest science on our brain's remarkable learning abilities and the potential of the machines we program to imitate them The human brain is an extraordinary learning machine. Its ability to reprogram itself is unparalleled, and it remains the best source of inspiration for recent developments in artificial intelligence. But how do we learn? What innate biological foundations underlie our ability to acquire new information, and what principles modulate their efficiency? In How We Learn, Stanislas Dehaene finds the boundary of computer science, neurobiology, and cognitive psychology to explain how learning really works and how to make the best use of the brain’s learning algorithms in our schools and universities, as well as in everyday life and at any age.

How Literature Plays with the Brain

How Literature Plays with the Brain

Author: Paul B. Armstrong

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421410036

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 593

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For the neuroscientific community, the study suggests that different areas of research—the neurobiology of vision and reading, the brain-body interactions underlying emotions—may be connected to a variety of aesthetic and literary phenomena. For critics and students of literature, the study engages fundamental questions within the humanities: What is aesthetic experience? What happens when we read a literary work? How does the interpretation of literature relate to other ways of knowing?

SUMMARY - The Number Sense: How The Mind Creates Mathematics By Stanislas Dehaene

SUMMARY - The Number Sense: How The Mind Creates Mathematics By Stanislas Dehaene

Author: Shortcut Edition

Publisher: Shortcut Edition

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 28

View: 830

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* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. *By reading this summary, you will discover how your brain "does math". *You will also discover: that animals also have an innate sense of numbers; that babies have mathematical abilities from birth; that researchers have been able to identify the areas of the brain involved in mathematical tasks; how learning reinforces your innate abilities; that learning must be based on how the brain works. *Year after year, studies on children's mathematical abilities are alarming. Many students perform poorly in mathematics because "they are not mathematicians". Yet experimental psychology, supported by imaging techniques and neuroscience, has shown that all humans are endowed with an innate mathematical knowledge. It is education that then brings out differences in performance. Are you ready to know how the brain works to better understand its difficulties? *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!

Reading in the Brain

Reading in the Brain

Author: Stanislas Dehaene

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101152409

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 330

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A renowned cognitive neuroscientist?s fascinating and highly informative account of how the brain acquires reading How can a few black marks on a white page evoke an entire universe of sounds and meanings? In this riveting investigation, Stanislas Dehaene provides an accessible account of the brain circuitry of reading and explores what he calls the ?reading paradox?: Our cortex is the product of millions of years of evolution in a world without writing, so how did it adapt to recognize words? Reading in the Brain describes pioneering research on how we process language, revealing the hidden logic of spelling and the existence of powerful unconscious mechanisms for decoding words of any size, case, or font. Dehaene?s research will fascinate not only readers interested in science and culture, but also educators concerned with debates on how we learn to read, and who wrestle with pathologies such as dyslexia. Like Steven Pinker, Dehaene argues that the mind is not a blank slate: Writing systems across all cultures rely on the same brain circuits, and reading is only possible insofar as it fits within the limits of a primate brain. Setting cutting-edge science in the context of cultural debate, Reading in the Brain is an unparalleled guide to a uniquely human ability.

Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Defense

Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Defense

Author: Stephan De Spiegeleire

Publisher: The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies

ISBN: 9789492102546

Category:

Page: 140

View: 968

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is on everybody’s minds these days. Most of the world’s leading companies are making massive investments in it. Governments are scrambling to catch up. Every single one of us who uses Google Search or any of the new digital assistants on our smartphones has witnessed first-hand how quickly these developments now go. Many analysts foresee truly disruptive changes in education, employment, health, knowledge generation, mobility, etc. But what will AI mean for defense and security? In a new study HCSS offers a unique perspective on this question. Most studies to date quickly jump from AI to autonomous (mostly weapon) systems. They anticipate future armed forces that mostly resemble today’s armed forces, engaging in fairly similar types of activities with a still primarily industrial-kinetic capability bundle that would increasingly be AI-augmented. The authors of this study argue that AI may have a far more transformational impact on defense and security whereby new incarnations of ‘armed force’ start doing different things in novel ways. The report sketches a much broader option space within which defense and security organizations (DSOs) may wish to invest in successive generations of AI technologies. It suggests that some of the most promising investment opportunities to start generating the sustainable security effects that our polities, societies and economies expect may lie in in the realms of prevention and resilience. Also in those areas any large-scale application of AI will have to result from a preliminary open-minded (on all sides) public debate on its legal, ethical and privacy implications. The authors submit, however, that such a debate would be more fruitful than the current heated discussions about ‘killer drones’ or robots. Finally, the study suggests that the advent of artificial super-intelligence (i.e. AI that is superior across the board to human intelligence), which many experts now put firmly within the longer-term planning horizons of our DSOs, presents us with unprecedented risks but also opportunities that we have to start to explore. The report contains an overview of the role that ‘intelligence’ - the computational part of the ability to achieve goals in the world - has played in defense and security throughout human history; a primer on AI (what it is, where it comes from and where it stands today - in both civilian and military contexts); a discussion of the broad option space for DSOs it opens up; 12 illustrative use cases across that option space; and a set of recommendations for - especially - small- and medium sized defense and security organizations.

The Elephants in the Classroom

The Elephants in the Classroom

Author: Olive Hickmott

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 9781787054622

Category: Education

Page: 194

View: 424

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The Elephants in the Classroom talks directly to parents and teachers, providing a much-needed new perspective on the explosion of learning difficulties in our classrooms... and empowering them, with simple skills, to make many aspects of learning easier. Complementing Bridges to Success, this book explains how unlocking the use of mental imagery in a child's thinking can enable them to maximise their learning experiences. The challenges faced by neurodivergent thinkers and learners (for example, those with Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, Dyspraxia, ADHD, Asperger's and Autism) in today's conventional teaching settings could be addressed by a better understanding of how students learn visually. This book explores how some of the most talented creative children, with unrecognised and tremendous potential, can be the ones who struggle most in school. Hundreds of thousands of children are growing up, plagued by poor literacy, poor numeracy, the inability to concentrate, sensory overload and other problems that hold them back and may seriously affect their behaviour. Although committed to multi-sensory teaching and learning, schools often don't know how students employ the critical thinking skills of mental imagery - this is visual learning. The Elephants in the Classroom explains how these students, often with gifted with exceptional creative skills, can learn to control their mental images to make learning easier. Visual learning skills can be explored by parents at any age and easily taught, especially in primary school. Slightly adjusting how we educate children will allow them to maximise their learning experience. Although mental imagery is a natural skill for everyone, its contribution to learning is often overlooked.

Liquid Scripture

Liquid Scripture

Author: Jeffrey S. Siker

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 9781506407876

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 446

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The electronic Bible is here to stay‒‒packaged in software on personal computers, available as apps on tablets and cell phones. Increasingly, students look at glowing screens to consult the Bible in class, and congregants do the same in Bible study and worship. Jeffrey S. Siker asks, what difference does it make to our experience of Scripture if we no longer hold a book in our hands, if we again “scroll” through Scripture? How does the “flow” of electronic Scripture change our perception of the Bible’s authority and significance? Siker discusses the difference made when early Christians adopted the codex rather than the scroll and Gutenberg began the mass production of printed Bibles. He also reviews the latest research on how the reading brain processes digital texts and how churches use digital Bibles, including American Bible Society research and his own surveys of church leaders. Siker asks, does the proliferation of electronic translations reduce the perceived seriousness of Scripture? Does it promote an individualistic response to the Bible? How does the change from a physical Bible affect liturgical practice? His synthesis of the advantages and risks of the digitized Bible merit serious reflection in classrooms and churches alike.