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Taxing Choice

Taxing Choice

Author: William Shughart II

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351291590

Category: Political Science

Page: 413

View: 369

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Taxing behavior deemed "politically incorrect" has long been a convenient way for politicians to fund programs benefiting special interest groups, to the public's disadvantage. Government policy toward various goods - drugs, tobacco and alcohol, for example - has been locked into a regulatory cycle of tax and taboo. Support for legalizing other substances is buttressed by the revenue-generating power of so-called "sin" taxesi And the products subjected to excise taxation have varied from soft drinks, fishing gear and margarine to airline tickets, telephone calls and gasoline. Taxing Choice thoroughly addresses the costs and benefits of these predatory public policies.Shughart notes that the record of such punitive selective taxation has been anything but successful, hindering economic progress and failing to deliver the promised social benefits. In addition, the costs of selective taxes fall disproportionately on lower-income people, while more politically powerful interest groups benefit. At the same time, such policies are a poor way to raise funding for public services, and foster political corruption and self-serving bureaucracies accountable to no one. Indeed, policies discriminating against certain products may represent ominous trends easily extended into virtually every facet of people's lives. One can envision policies proscribing foods, sun bathing, obesity, and even books, films, and political and religious beliefs deemed "dangerous."Part I is devoted to the political economy of selective taxation. Contributors trace the history and politics of selective excise taxes in the United States, discussing the range of products that have been subject to such taxation from the founding period to the present. Part II explains how these taxes emerge in a political marketplace with opposing pressure groups scrambling for wealth transfers in their own favor. Part III looks at taxes on specific products as well as such banning policies as Prohibition and the war on drugs. Constitutional, economic, and civil liberty issues, including civil asset forfeiture and product liability, are discussed in Part IV. With the accelerating national debate over tax reform and the downsizing of government, Taxing Choice is a timely and far-reaching contribution to a debate of great interest to economists, policymakers, historians, sociologists, and taxpayers in general.

Taxing Choices

Taxing Choices

Author: Rebecca Johnson

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774809574

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 994

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In the early 1990s, lawyer Beth Symes brought an equality challenge against the Canadian Income Tax Act, arguing that her childcare costs were a business expense. The case ignited public controversy. Was Symes disadvantaged on the basis of gender, or unfairly privileged on the basis of class? This book seeks answers to those questions through close attention to the Symes case, where class and gender interests clashed over the tax treatment of childcare. It looks at the history of legislative and litigative struggles, the dynamics of courtroom discourse, and the influence of broad social debates about children and the public/private divide. It reveals how frequently the rhetoric of choice, responsibility, and selfishness is invoked in response to women's attempts to place issues of childcare on the public agenda. Taxing Choices will interest all those who seek to use the law as a tool of social justice but are troubled by the perils posed by competing interests and conflicts involving race, class, gender, and ability.

Do Tax Rates Encourage Entrepreneurial Activity?

Do Tax Rates Encourage Entrepreneurial Activity?

Author: Roger H. Gordon

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: UCSD:31822023648710

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 40

View: 430

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This paper explores how tax policy may affect the amount of entrepreneurial activity. One key factor is the difference between the corporate and top personal tax rates. The paper discusses how the tax structure might be designed to lessen these adverse consequences while maintaining a subsidy to entrepreneurship.

The Philosophy of Taxation and Public Finance

The Philosophy of Taxation and Public Finance

Author: Robert W. McGee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441991409

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 313

View: 832

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Most public finance books are texts, which are aimed at undergraduate or graduate students. They are overly technical in nature and appeal only to a narrow range of bureaucrats and academics. Books on taxation are written for tax practitioners and usually emphasize either what the law is or how to maneuver through the labyrinth of tax law to minimize taxes for clients. Philosophy books on taxation or public finance simply do not exist. The Philosophy of Taxation and Public Finance is different. It is written in nontechnical language and is aimed to appeal to a wide range of readers, including practitioners, academics and students in the fields of taxation, public finance, economics, law, philosophy and political science as well as general readers who are interested in learning why they are being taxed the way they are. The author addresses the major issues and topics in taxation and public finance and injects them with philosophical insights. He discusses questions such as: -What arguments have been used to justify taxation? -When is tax evasion unethical? -Are some taxes better than others? -What are the proper functions of government? -How much is enough? Is the ability to pay concept valid? -When can punitive taxes be justified?

Taxing Choice

Taxing Choice

Author: William F. Shughart

Publisher: Transaction Pub

ISBN: 1560009314

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 396

View: 280

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Taxing behavior deemed "politically incorrect" has long been a convenient way for politicians to fund programs benefiting special interest groups, to the public's disadvantage. Government policy toward various foods, drugs, tobacco and alcohol, for example, has been locked into a regulatory cycle of tax and taboo. And the products subjected to excise and other "selective" taxation have varied from soft drinks, fishing gear, and margarine to airline tickets, telephone calls, and gasoline.

Corporate Taxation in EU Countries

Corporate Taxation in EU Countries

Author: Jean-Marc Tirard

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:35112200440453

Category: Corporations

Page: 485

View: 917

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This book provides a chapter-by-chapter analysis of the corporate taxation systems, and explains the implications of setting up a business, in each of the European Union countries.