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Agency Governance in the EU

Agency Governance in the EU

Author: Berthold Rittberger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135750312

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 192

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The rapid proliferation of EU agencies represents one of the most significant changes to the EU’s organisational set-up in past decades. At the same time, this development has significantly affected regulatory policy-making in the EU. This volume assembles the most renowned scholars in the field to address the key themes and challenges that agency governance in the EU poses to effective and legitimate policy-making. The first theme addresses the causes and dynamics of the creation and design of regulatory bodies in EU governance, focusing not only on EU agencies but also on alternatives to the agency format, such as regulatory networks. Second, once agencies are established, the book goes on to explore the consequences and trajectories of agency governance. How effective and autonomous are EU agencies? How does EU agency governance transform existing patterns of executive governance in the EU? Third, the book addresses the design of EU agencies as independent, non-majoritarian institutions poses pressing questions with a view to their legitimacy and accountability. The volume appeals to scholars and practitioners interested in the development and transformation of executive governance in the EU. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

European Agencies in Between Institutions and Member States

European Agencies in Between Institutions and Member States

Author: Michelle Everson

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 9041128433

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 952

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Despite concerted efforts in recent years to define the position of agencies in the Union framework, a clear overall view of their role and powers in relation to the EU institutions and to the Member States is still lacking. Their hybrid character as part of the composite EU executive, and the fact that increasing powers are delegated to them, makes an understanding of the efficacy and accountability of agencies ever more important. Benefitting from both academic and practitioner insights from law, political and social sciences, this important book offers an in-depth analysis of the current challenges surrounding European agencies in terms of their design, autonomy, supervisory competence, and legal nature. Among the topics covered are the following: realities of the accountability mechanisms currently in place; impact of agency acts on the EU s institutional balance of powers; agencies as global actors acting on behalf of Member States and EU external relations; agencies derived from former networks of national regulators; non-hierarchical par nature of agencies vis-a-vis corresponding national authorities; agencies as crucial amalgams between EU institutions and Member States; effect of the Meroni doctrine; new financial supervisory agencies resulting from recent economic and financial crises; special role of telecommunications agencies; and intricacies of the relationship between agencies and the European Parliament. Because EU agencies are designed to facilitate the implementation of EU law at the national level, powers are increasingly conferred on them in order to ensure that rules are enforced effectively and uniformly. The time has come, however, to confront the many questions of legality and constitutionality that remain. This book responds to the vital as to the role and powers of agencies in relation to their manifold principals, the EU institutions and the Member States, and lays a firm foundation for managing the challenges ahead."

Government Agencies

Government Agencies

Author: Koen Verhoest

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230354364

Category: Law

Page: 498

View: 187

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About government agencies in the following countries: Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States, Belgium, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Germany, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Hong Kong, Israel, Tanzania, Pakistan, Thailand, and the European Union.

European Regulatory Agencies in EU Decision-Making

European Regulatory Agencies in EU Decision-Making

Author: Christoph Ossege

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137517906

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 360

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European Regulatory Agencies (ERAs) have become increasingly important features in EU decision-making. They aim to provide expert advice independent of political or economic considerations. This book explains whether and under what conditions ERAs comply with this scientific mandate. Expanding on rational institutionalism, Ossege provides novel insights into the behaviour of ERAs, their autonomy from 'undue' external influence, and their impact on EU policy-making. The empirical comparison of three major ERAs - the European Medicines Agency, the European Food Safety Authority, and the European Chemicals Agency - not only shows that agencies capitalise on their expertise and rule-making competences to protect their autonomy. Rather, in making strategic use of their expertise, the ERAs also guard their autonomy in areas of high political salience, though their policy influence in these areas is partially circumscribed. Based on these insights, European Regulatory Agencies in EU Decision-Making locates its subject in the wider system of European Governance and considers the perennial question of how to reconcile the need for expert advice with democratic decision-making.

Justice and Home Affairs Agencies in the European Union

Justice and Home Affairs Agencies in the European Union

Author: Christian Kaunert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317674627

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 338

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This book examines the role of agencies and agency-like bodies in the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ).When the Maastricht Treaty entered into force on 1 November 1993, the institutional landscape of the so-called ‘Third Pillar’ looked significantly different than it does now. Aside from Europol, which existed only on paper at that time, the European agencies examined in this book were mere ideas in the heads of federalist dreamers or were not even contemplated. Eventually, Europol slowly emerged from its embryonic European Drugs Unit and became operational in 1999. Around the same time, the European Union (EU) unveiled plans in its Tampere Programme for a more extensive legal and institutional infrastructure for internal security policies. Since then, as evidenced by the chapters presented in this book, numerous policy developments have taken place. Indeed, the agencies now operating in the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) are remarkable in the burgeoning scope of their activities, as well as their gradually increasing autonomy vis-à-vis the EU member states and the institutions that brought them to life. This book was published as a special issue of Perspectives on European Politics and Society.

European Union Agencies as Global Actors

European Union Agencies as Global Actors

Author: Florin Coman-Kund

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351136846

Category: Law

Page: 330

View: 614

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This book examines a largely unexplored dimension of the European agencies, namely their role in EU external relations and on the international plane. International cooperation has become a salient feature of EU agencies triggering important legal questions regarding the scope and limits of their international dimension, the nature and effects of their international cooperation instruments, their status within the EU and on the global level, and leading potentially to tensions between EU law and international law. This book fills the existing knowledge gap by scrutinizing the international cooperation legal framework and practice of EU agencies, including their mandate, tasks and instruments, together with their legal status as actors with a global dimension. It sets out a general legal-analytical framework which combines legal parameters from EU and international law to assess EU agencies as global actors, and examines in detail three case studies on carefully selected agencies to shed light on the complexities of EU agencies’ daily international cooperation.

European Agencies

European Agencies

Author: Madalina Busuioc

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191650925

Category: Law

Page: 326

View: 470

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European agencies have been created at a rapid pace in recent years in a multitude of highly pertinent and sensitive fields ranging from pharmaceuticals and aviation safety to chemicals or financial supervision. This agency phenomenon shows no signs of relenting, and the trend in recent years is towards the delegation of ever-broader powers. These bodies, meant to operate at arm's length from political control, have real power and their opinions and decisions can have a direct impact on individuals, regulators, and member states. Given the powers wielded by the agencies, who is responsible for holding these non-majoritarian actors to account? Is the growing concern surrounding agency accountability 'much ado about nothing' or are we faced with the threat of a powerful and unaccountable bureaucracy? These are precisely the questions that this book seeks to answer. It thus addresses one of the most relevant topics in current European governance: the accountability of European agencies. Scholars have increasingly called attention to the risk of placing too much power in the hands of such agencies, which operate at arm's length from traditional controls and cannot easily be held accountable for their actions. Although this is a major issue of concern, systematic empirical research into the topic is lacking. This book addresses empirically whether, and if so on what counts, agency accountability is problematic. It examines how the accountability system of European agencies operates at both the de jure as well as the de facto level, through an examination of legal provisions, relevant case law as well as policy documents and extensive interview material. Reflecting on these findings, the book also offers important theoretical insights for our understanding and study of accountability in a complex regulatory regime such as the EU context. The book follows a multi-disciplinary approach and is at the cutting edge of law and public administration.

The Institutions of the European Union

The Institutions of the European Union

Author: Dermot Hodson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198862222

Category: European Union countries

Page: 505

View: 763

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In a time of disruption and rapid change, the European Union's institutions have endured. In The Institutions of the European Union, a team of expert contributors and editors explain everything you need to know about the functions, powers, and composition of these important organizations as they contend with the changing dynamics of European integration. It is the most comprehensive guide to understanding how the institutions of the EU provide political direction, govern policies, and integrate contrasting interests within the EU. New to this Edition: Fully updated to cover the institutional changes prompted by Brexit, Covid-19, and many other issues facing the EU. A new introductory chapter presents the idea of EU institutional politics and explores its different dimensions. Explores the urgent challenges of creating more diverse and inclusive EU institutions. New discussion questions help you reflect critically and engage with the content to take your learning further. Professor Uwe Puetter of Europa-Universität Flensburg, and Sabine Saurugger of Science Po Grenoble-UGA, join Dermot Hodson as editors. Book jacket.

Non-Judicial Remedies and EU Administration

Non-Judicial Remedies and EU Administration

Author: Paola Chirulli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429594403

Category: Law

Page: 235

View: 437

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The increasing number of executive tasks assigned to EU institutions and agencies has resulted in a greater demand for justice that can no longer be satisfied by the courts alone. This has led to the development of a wide range of administrative remedies that have become a central part of the EU administrative justice system. This book examines the important theoretical and practical issues raised by this phenomenon. The work focuses on five administrative remedies: internal review; administrative appeals to the Commission against decisions of executive and decentralised agencies; independent administrative review of decisions of decentralised agencies; complaints to the EU Ombudsman; and complaints to the EU Data Protection Supervisor. The research rests on the idea that there is a complex, and at times ambivalent, relationship between administrative remedies and the varying degrees of autonomy of EU institutions and bodies, offices and agencies. The work draws on legislation, internal rules of executive bodies, administrative practices and specific case law, data and statistics. This empirical approach helps to unveil the true dynamics present within these procedures and demonstrates that whilst administrative remedies may improve the relationship between individuals and the EU administration, their interplay with administrative autonomy might lead to a risk of fragmentation and incoherence in the EU administrative justice system.

Oxford Principles of European Union Law

Oxford Principles of European Union Law

Author: Robert Schütze

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191058790

Category: Law

Page: 1149

View: 882

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Since the 1957 Rome Treaty, the European Union has changed dramatically - in terms of its composition, scope and depth. Originally established by six Western European States, the EU today has 28 Members and covers almost the entire European continent; and while initially confined to establishing a "common market", the EU has come to influence all areas of political, economic and social life. In parallel with this enormous geographic and thematic expansion, the constitutional and legislative principles underpinning the European Union have constantly evolved. This three-volume study aims to provide an authoritative academic treatment of European Union law. Written by leading scholars and practitioners, each chapter offers a comprehensive and critical assessment of the state of the law. Doctrinal in presentation, each volume nonetheless tries to present a broader historical and comparative perspective. Volume I provides an analysis of the constitutional principles governing the European Union. It covers the history of the EU, the constitutional foundations, the institutional framework, legislative and executive governance, judicial protection, and external relations. Volume II explores the structure of the internal market, while Volume III finally analyses the internal and external substantive policies of the EU.