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Modern Indian Interpreters of the Bhagavad Gita

Modern Indian Interpreters of the Bhagavad Gita

Author: Robert Neil Minor

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0887062970

Category: Religion

Page: 290

View: 735

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This is a collection of careful, objective, historically sensitive studies of modern commentators on the Bhagavadgita, one of the basic scriptures of Hinduism, and one which has been widely read in the modern West. Experts on modern Indian religious thought show how Ghandi, Vivekananda, Radhakrishnan, Bhaktivedanta, Aurobindo, Tilak, Bhave, Sivananda, the Theosophists, and Bhankim read, used and interpreted the Gita. Collectively, the essays display the different backgrounds and orientations of the major Indian thinkers of our time. An Introduction and a Conclusion provide a perspective on the thinkers and identify common themes which are part of modern emphases.

The Quotidian Revolution

The Quotidian Revolution

Author: Christian Lee Novetzke

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231542418

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 445

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In thirteenth-century Maharashtra, a new vernacular literature emerged to challenge the hegemony of Sanskrit, a language largely restricted to men of high caste. In a vivid and accessible idiom, this new Marathi literature inaugurated a public debate over the ethics of social difference grounded in the idiom of everyday life. The arguments of vernacular intellectuals pushed the question of social inclusion into ever-wider social realms, spearheading the development of a nascent premodern public sphere that valorized the quotidian world in sociopolitical terms. The Quotidian Revolution examines this pivotal moment of vernacularization in Indian literature, religion, and public life by investigating courtly donative Marathi inscriptions alongside the first extant texts of Marathi literature: the Lilacaritra (1278) and the Jñanesvari (1290). Novetzke revisits the influence of Chakradhar (c. 1194), the founder of the Mahanubhav religion, and Jnandev (c. 1271), who became a major figure of the Varkari religion, to observe how these avant-garde and worldly elites pursued a radical intervention into the social questions and ethics of the age. Drawing on political anthropology and contemporary theories of social justice, religion, and the public sphere, The Quotidian Revolution explores the specific circumstances of this new discourse oriented around everyday life and its lasting legacy: widening the space of public debate in a way that presages key aspects of Indian modernity and democracy.

The Spirit of Modern India

The Spirit of Modern India

Author: Robert McDermott

Publisher: SteinerBooks

ISBN: 9781584204954

Category: History

Page: 345

View: 695

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This introduction to modern Indian thought establishes the historical context in which Indian thinkers of the past century developed their ideas, showing how those ideas comprise a coherent vision that is both Indian and contemporary. The Spirit of Modern India offers a full treatment of these ideas in an intelligible and concise approach and format. Despite a growing interest in Indian thought and life, the best writings of major twentieth-century thinkers have not been well presented within their cultural framework. This is the first single volume to offer such a wide representation of India's experience and scholarship through traditional and contemporary strains as articulated by her greatest modern thinkers. The period designated "modern" refers to the remarkable century between the mid-1800s and the mid-1900s. The Spirit of Modern India includes writings by Sri Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, Tagore, Gandhi, Nehru, Radhakrisnan, and Sri Aurobindo. These writings are arranged according to each era of Indian thought and culture--philosophy, religion, ethics, education, esthetics, and national vision. Each is introduced to illuminate the material and put the selections into their historical and cultural context. A chronology lists important dates and works of major authors and dates related to Indian and Western intellectual history. A glossary of important names and terms makes the more technical selections readily accessible. The bibliography will guide the reader to further reading. The Spirit of Modern India provides a valuable service to those who wish to better understand India and it modern roots.

The Blackwell Companion to Religion and Violence

The Blackwell Companion to Religion and Violence

Author: Andrew R. Murphy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444395730

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 350

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The timely Blackwell Companion to Religion and Violence brings together an international, interdisciplinary group of scholars who provide a coherent state of the art overview of the complex relationships between religion and violence. This companion tackles one of the most important topics in the field of Religion in the twenty-first century, pulling together a unique collection of cutting-edge work A focused collection of high-quality scholarship provides readers with a state-of-the-art account of the latest work in this field The contributors are broad-ranging, international, and interdisciplinary, and include historians, political scientists, religious studies scholars, sociologists, anthropologists, theologians, scholars of women's and gender studies and communication

And the Thunder Said Da

And the Thunder Said Da

Author: Ashok Kara

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595489343

Category: Philosophy

Page: 430

View: 301

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Prajapati, the Creator, had three kinds of offspring: gods, men, and demons. They lived with Prajapati as brahmacharins (celibate students) practicing austerities. At the end of their term, the gods requested him saying: "Please instruct us, Sir." Prajapati uttered the syllable Da and he asked: "Have you understood?" The gods replied: "Yes. You have said to us, control yourselves (Damyata)." Prajapati responded: "Yes, you have understood." Then men spoke to him: "Please instruct us, Sir." Prajapati uttered the syllable Da and he asked: "Have you understood?" The men replied: "We have. You have said give (Datta)." Prajapati responded: "Yes, you have understood." Then the demons spoke to him: "Please instruct us, Sir." Prajapati uttered the syllable Da and he asked: "Have you understood?" The demons replied: "Yes. You have said to us, be compassionate (Dayadhvam)." Prajapati responded: "Yes, you have understood." That very thing is repeated by the celestial voice in the form the thunder that speaks to us: "Da, Da, Da" which means, "control yourselves," "give," "be merciful." In other words, writes Kara, the instruction to comprehending the ultimate mystery begins from an ethical injunction. He who is self-controlled, charitable, and merciful is given proximity to the gods. Ethics takes precedence over epistemology and ontology.

The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism

The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism

Author: Joel Myerson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199887071

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 800

View: 471

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The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism offers an ecclectic, comprehensive interdisciplinary approach to the immense cultural impact of the movement that encompassed literature, art, architecture, science, and politics.

Face of Truth, The

Face of Truth, The

Author: Julius Lipner

Publisher: State University of New York Press

ISBN: 9781438411040

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 194

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The Face of Truth examines in depth the Vedantic theology of Ramanuja, the most important and well-known of the classical Hindu theologians. Julius Lipner clearly analyzes Ramanuja's theory of sacred language and divine predication, his views on the nature of the self, God, and the relationship between infinite and finite being. In addition to offering new insights into and analyses of religious matters, The Face of Truth exposes the theology of language — the understanding of religious language and God. This is consistent with Lipner's other purpose — the furthering of inter-religious dialogue, especially between Hindu and Christian points of view. Lipner has also translated several technical Sanskrit terms into English, making his point intelligible to non-Sanskrit readers. Drawing together the complex strands of R?m?nujan thought, Lipner succeeds in increasing inter-religious understanding.

The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali

The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali

Author: Alistair Shearer

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781409003816

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 144

View: 220

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The basic questions of Who Am I? Where Am I Going? What Is the Purpose of Life? are asked by every generation, and Patanjali's answers (given in the third century BC) form one of the oldest spiritual texts in the world. 'That which unites' is called 'Yoga' - and is thus much broader than the form of exercise so popular today. It is a way to restore our lost wholeness, our integrity as complete human beings, by unifying the personality around a centre that is silent and unbounded. Alistair Shearer's superb introduction and translation bring these ancient, vital teachings to life in the modern world and are for all those who seek the benefits of self-knowledge.

Gandhi's Ascetic Activism

Gandhi's Ascetic Activism

Author: Veena R. Howard

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438445571

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 795

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Discusses Gandhi’s creative use of ascetic practice, particularly his practice of celibacy, for nonviolent activism.

Summary of Mark Singleton's Yoga Body

Summary of Mark Singleton's Yoga Body

Author: Everest Media,

Publisher: Everest Media LLC

ISBN: 9798822525993

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 28

View: 502

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Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The first occurrence of the word yoga itself is in the Kaha Upaniad, which was written in the third century BCE. It describes a six-fold yoga method of yoga, namely breath control, withdrawal of the senses, meditation, placing the concentrated mind, philosophical inquiry, and absorption. #2 The text known as the Bhagavad Gt lays out three paths of yoga, which lead to the knowledge of the supreme person, known as Ka. The first is the path of action, in which one gives up the fruits of one’s actions but continues to be an agent in the world. The second is the path of devotion, in which one’s devotion to Ka swiftly liberates one from worldly suffering. #3 The majority of yoga in India is not focused on the practice of sana, and instead teaches only a few seated postures. Any assertion that transnational postural yoga is part of the dominant orthopraxy of Indian yoga is therefore highly questionable. #4 The techniques and philosophical frameworks of the aiva Tantras form the basis for the teachings of haha yoga, which flourished from the thirteenth century CE and which entered its decline in the eighteenth.

Through Vegetal Being

Through Vegetal Being

Author: Luce Irigaray

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231541510

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 880

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Blossoming from a correspondence between Luce Irigaray and Michael Marder, Through Vegetal Being is an intense personal, philosophical, and political meditation on the significance of the vegetal for our lives, our ways of thinking, and our relations with human and nonhuman beings. The vegetal world has the potential to rescue our planet and our species and offers us a way to abandon past metaphysics without falling into nihilism. Luce Irigaray has argued in her philosophical work that living and coexisting are deficient unless we recognize sexuate difference as a crucial dimension of our existence. Michael Marder believes the same is true for vegetal difference. Irigaray and Marder consider how plants contribute to human development by sustaining our breathing, nourishing our senses, and keeping our bodies and minds alive. They note the importance of returning to ancient Greek tradition and engaging with Eastern teachings to revive a culture closer to nature. As a result, we can reestablish roots when we are displaced and recover the vital energy we need to improve our sensibility and relation to others. This generative discussion points toward a more universal way of becoming human that is embedded in the vegetal world.

Handbook of Research on Writing

Handbook of Research on Writing

Author: Charles Bazerman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135251109

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 670

View: 125

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The Handbook of Research on Writing ventures to sum up inquiry over the last few decades on what we know about writing and the many ways we know it: How do people write? How do they learn to write and develop as writers? Under what conditions and for what purposes do people write? What resources and technologies do we use to write? How did our current forms and practices of writing emerge within social history? What impacts has writing had on society and the individual? What does it mean to be and to learn to be an active participant in contemporary systems of meaning? This cornerstone volume advances the field by aggregating the broad-ranging, interdisciplinary, multidimensional strands of writing research and bringing them together into a common intellectual space. Endeavoring to synthesize what has been learned about writing in all nations in recent decades, it reflects a wide scope of international research activity, with attention to writing at all levels of schooling and in all life situations. Chapter authors, all eminent researchers, come from disciplines as diverse as anthropology, archeology, typography, communication studies, linguistics, journalism, sociology, rhetoric, composition, law, medicine, education, history, and literacy studies. The Handbook’s 37 chapters are organized in five sections: *The History of Writing; *Writing in Society; *Writing in Schooling; *Writing and the Individual; *Writing as Text This volume, in summing up what is known about writing, deepens our experience and appreciation of writing—in ways that will make teachers better at teaching writing and all of its readers better as individual writers. It will be interesting and useful to scholars and researchers of writing, to anyone who teaches writing in any context at any level, and to all those who are just curious about writing.