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The Politics of Culture in Soviet-occupied Germany, 1945-1949

The Politics of Culture in Soviet-occupied Germany, 1945-1949

Author: David Pike

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804720932

Category: Social Science

Page: 691

View: 201

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They allow for a painstaking analysis of the political and "aesthetic" priorities of a developing Stalinist culture while raising intriguing questions about the early stages of the Cold War and the subsequent division of Germany. In particular, the gradual introduction of Zhdanovist or socialist-realist political norms and aesthetic forms into Soviet-occupied Germany closely paralleled developments in the Soviet Union during the infamous zhdanovshchina (1946-1948). Smear campaigns against "formalism," "decadence," and "cosmopolitanism," carefully tailored to local circumstances, were the natural consequence. Simultaneously, the German Communists worked behind the scenes with the Soviet occupation regime to establish the administrative apparatus for the enforcement of these standards, imported from the Soviet Union and calculated to infuse German art and literature with the proper political priorities.

The Russians in Germany

The Russians in Germany

Author: Norman M. Naimark

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674784057

Category: History

Page: 586

View: 907

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In 1945, when the Red Army marched in, eastern Germany was not "occupied" but "liberated." This, until the recent collapse of the Soviet Bloc, is what passed for history in the German Democratic Republic. Now, making use of newly opened archives in Russia and Germany, Norman Naimark reveals what happened during the Soviet occupation of eastern Germany from 1945 through 1949. His book offers a comprehensive look at Soviet policies in the occupied zone and their practical consequences for Germans and Russians alike--and, ultimately, for postwar Europe. In rich and lucid detail, Naimark captures the mood and the daily reality of the occupation, the chaos and contradictions of a period marked by rape and repression, the plundering of factories, the exploitation of German science, and the rise of the East German police state. Never have these practices and their place in the overall Soviet strategy, particularly the political development of the zone, received such thorough treatment. Here we have our first clear view of how the Russians regarded the postwar settlement and the German question, how they made policy on issues from reparations to technology transfer to the acquisition of uranium, how they justified their goals, how they met them or failed, and how they changed eastern Germany in the process. The Russians in Germany also takes us deep into the politics of culture as Naimark explores the ways in which Soviet officers used film, theater, and education to foster the Bolshevization of the zone. Unique in its broad, comparative approach to the Soviet military government in Germany, this book fills in a missing--and ultimately fascinating--chapter in the history of modern Europe.

Capturing the German Eye

Capturing the German Eye

Author: Cora Sol Goldstein

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226301716

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 801

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Shedding new light on the American campaign to democratize Western Germany after World War II, Capturing the German Eye uncovers the importance of cultural policy and visual propaganda to the U.S. occupation. Cora Sol Goldstein skillfully evokes Germany’s political climate between 1945 and 1949, adding an unexpected dimension to the confrontation between the United States and the USSR. During this period, the American occupiers actively vied with their Soviet counterparts for control of Germany’s visual culture, deploying film, photography, and the fine arts while censoring images that contradicted their political messages. Goldstein reveals how this U.S. cultural policy in Germany was shaped by three major factors: competition with the USSR, fear of alienating German citizens, and American domestic politics. Explaining how the Americans used images to discredit the Nazis and, later, the Communists, she illuminates the instrumental role of visual culture in the struggle to capture German hearts and minds at the advent of the cold war.

The Politics of Religion in Soviet-occupied Germany

The Politics of Religion in Soviet-occupied Germany

Author: Sean Philip Brennan

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739151259

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 387

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This book analyzes the relationship between Soviet military authorities, the East German Communists, and the leadership of the Protestant and Catholic Churches in the Soviet zone of Germany, especially its central province of Berlin-Brandenburg. It discusses how relations worsened between communist and church authorities as the Soviet zone was rebuilt as a German state on the Stalinist model from 1945 to 1949.

Bringing Culture to the Masses

Bringing Culture to the Masses

Author: Esther von Richthofen

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845454588

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 534

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This text explores how cultural life in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) was strictly controlled by the ruling party, the SED, through attempts to dictate the way people spent their free time. It shows how people's cultural life in the GDR developed a dynamic of its own.

Antifascist Humanism and the Politics of Cultural Renewal in Germany

Antifascist Humanism and the Politics of Cultural Renewal in Germany

Author: Andreas Agocs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107085435

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 490

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Antifascism is usually described as either a political ideology of activists and intellectuals confronting the dictatorships of Hitler and Mussolini, or as a cynical tool that justified the Stalinist expansion of communism in Europe. Andreas Agocs widens our understanding of antifascism by placing it in the context of twentieth-century movements of 'cultural renewal'. He explores the concept of 'antifascist humanism', the attempt by communist and liberal intellectuals and artists to heal the divisions of Nazism by reviving the 'other Germany' of classical Weimar. This project took intellectual shape in German exile communities in Europe and Latin America during World War II and found its institutional embodiment in the Cultural League for Democratic Renewal in Soviet-occupied Berlin in 1945. During the emerging Cold War, antifascist humanism's uneasy blend of twentieth-century mass politics and cultural nationalism became the focal point of new divisions in occupied Germany and the early German Democratic Republic. This study traces German traditions of cultural renewal from their beginnings in antifascist activism to their failure in the emerging Cold War.

GIs and Germans

GIs and Germans

Author: Petra Goedde

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300090226

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 204

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"Goedde finds that as American soldiers fraternized with German civilians, particularly as they formed sexual relationships with women, they developed a feminized image of Germany that contrasted sharply with their wartime image of the aggressive Nazi storm trooper. A perception of German "victimhood" emerged that was fostered by the German population and adopted by Americans.

Glaube - Freiheit - Diktatur in Europa und den USA

Glaube - Freiheit - Diktatur in Europa und den USA

Author: Katarzyna Stokłosa

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525350898

Category: History

Page: 894

View: 213

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Das Werk des (Kirchen)Historikers, Theologen und Psychologen Gerhard Besier ist von geradezu enzyklopädischer Breite und belegt seine wissenschaftliche Intensität und intellektuelle Leidenschaft. Die hier versammelten Beiträge seiner zahlreichen Weggefährten und Schüler widmen sich den drei Schwerpunkten seiner akademischen Arbeit: der historischen Theologie in praktischer, systematischer und ökumenischer Perspektive, den religiösen Minderheiten und der rechtsstaatlichen Ordnung sowie der europäischen und nordamerikanischen Zeitgeschichte.

Theatre History Studies 2016

Theatre History Studies 2016

Author: Sara Freeman

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817371104

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 391

View: 736

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Rosemarie K. Bank and Michal Kobialka, eds., Theatre/Performance Historiography: Time, Space, Matter / Reviewed by Danny Devlin

Becoming East German

Becoming East German

Author: Mary Fulbrook

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857459756

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 326

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For roughly the first decade after the demise of the GDR, professional and popular interpretations of East German history concentrated primarily on forms of power and repression, as well as on dissent and resistance to communist rule. Socio-cultural approaches have increasingly shown that a single-minded emphasis on repression and coercion fails to address a number of important historical issues, including those related to the subjective experiences of those who lived under communist regimes. With that in mind, the essays in this volume explore significant physical and psychological aspects of life in the GDR, such as health and diet, leisure and dining, memories of the Nazi past, as well as identity, sports, and experiences of everyday humiliation. Situating the GDR within a broader historical context, they open up new ways of interpreting life behind the Iron Curtain – while providing a devastating critique of misleading mainstream scholarship, which continues to portray the GDR in the restrictive terms of totalitarian theory.

Nonconformity, Dissent, Opposition, and Resistance in Germany, 1933-1990

Nonconformity, Dissent, Opposition, and Resistance in Germany, 1933-1990

Author: Sabrina P. Ramet

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030554125

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 191

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“This book brings fresh light to previously marginalized subject in German history. It is an original approach, up-to-date written without scholarly jargon, easily accessible to students, both at undergraduate and graduate. It is highly focused departing from the usual “histories” of a single country arguing for the “two German states”, and the three political systems.”- Prof. Dr. László Kürti, Institute of Applied Social Sciences, University of Miskolc, Hungary This book contrasts three very different incarnations of Germany – the totalitarian Third Reich, the communist German Democratic Republic, and the democratic Federal Republic of Germany up to 1990 – in terms of their experiences with and responses to nonconformity, dissent, opposition, and resistance and the role played by those factors in each case. Although even innocent nonconformity came with a price in all three systems and in the post-war occupation zones, the price was the highest in Nazi Germany. . It is worth stressing that what qualifies as nonconformity and dissent depends on the social and political context and, thus, changes over time. Like those in active dissent, opposition, or resistance, nonconformists are rebels (whether they are conscious of it or not), and have repeatedly played a role in pushing for change, whether through reform of legislation, transformation of the public’s attitudes, or even regime change.

Recomposing German Music

Recomposing German Music

Author: Elizabeth Janik

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047416395

Category: History

Page:

View: 509

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This book is a social history of musical life in Berlin; it investigates the tangled relationship between music and politics in 20th-century Germany, emphasizing the division of Berlin’s musical community between east and west in the early Cold War era.