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The Popularization of Medicine, 1650-1850

The Popularization of Medicine, 1650-1850

Author: Roy Porter

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415072174

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 996

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The Popularization of Medicine explores the rise of this form of people's medicine, from the early days of printing to the Victorian age, focusing upon the different experiences of Britain and France, more marginal European nations like Spain and Hungary, and upon North America.

The Popularization of Medicine

The Popularization of Medicine

Author: Roy Porter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135086923

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 807

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In the early modern centuries a body of popularized medical writings appeared, telling ordinary people how they could best take care of their own health. Often written be doctors, such books gave simple advice for home treatments, while commonly warning of the dangers of magic, quackery, old wive's tales and faith-healing. The Popularization of Medicine explores the rise of this form of people's medicine, from the early days of printing to the Victorian age, focusing on the different experiences of Britain, the Continent and North America.

Popular Culture in England, c. 1500–1850

Popular Culture in England, c. 1500–1850

Author: Tim Harris

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781349239719

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 760

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As scholarly interest in popular culture has grown, more and more British and American universities have been introducing courses in popular culture, now seen as an essential aspect of historical investigation. This volume answers the need for a book focusing on England (unlike Peter Burke's Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe (1978), and over a broad time period (unlike Barry Reay's Popular Culture in Seventeenth-Century England (1985)), which will fulfil it's aim of appealing both to specialists and students coming new to the subject. Tim Harris has assembled a very strong team of contributors who will ensure a very lively and interesting collection of essays.

Medical Journals and Medical Knowledge

Medical Journals and Medical Knowledge

Author: William F. Bynum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429664526

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 805

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Originally published in 1992 Medical Journals and Medical Knowledge examines both broad developments in print and media and the practice of particular journals such as the British Medical Journal. The book is the first study to address these questions and to examine the impact of regular news on the making of the medical community. The book considers the rise of the medical press, and looks at how it recorded and described principal developments and so promoted medical science and enhanced medical consciousness. This book was a seminal work when first published and was one of the first to consider the importance of the roots of medical journalism, editorial practices and the ways in which the medical journalism altered the world of medicine.

Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Author: Steven King

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781526129024

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 798

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At the core of this book are three central contentions: That medical welfare became the totemic function of the Old Poor Law in its last few decades; that the poor themselves were able to negotiate this medical welfare rather than simply being subject to it; and that being doctored and institutionalised became part of the norm for the sick poor by the 1820s, in a way that had not been the case in the 1750s. Exploring the lives and medical experiences of the poor largely in their own words, Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor offers a comprehensive reinterpretation of the so-called crisis of the Old Poor Law from the later eighteenth century. The sick poor became an insistent presence in the lives of officials and parishes and the (largely positive) way that communities responded to their dire needs must cause us to rethink the role and character of the poor law.

Disease and Medicine in World History

Disease and Medicine in World History

Author: Sheldon Watts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134470570

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 176

View: 648

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Disease and Medicine in World History is a concise introduction to diverse ideas about diseases and their treatment throughout the world. Drawing on case studies from ancient Egypt to present-day America, Asia and Europe, this survey discusses concepts of sickness and forms of treatment in many cultures. Sheldon Watts shows that many medical practices in the past were shaped as much by philosophers and metaphysicians as by university-trained doctors and other practitioners. Subjects covered include: Pharaonic Egypt and the pre-conquest New World the evolution of medical systems in the Middle East health and healing on the Indian subcontinent medicine and disease in China the globalization of disease in the modern world the birth and evolution of modern scientific medicine. This volume is a landmark contribution to the field of world history. It covers the principal medical systems known in the world, based on extensive original research. Watts raises questions about globalization in medicine and the potential impact of infectious diseases in the present day.

From Popular Medicine to Medical Populism

From Popular Medicine to Medical Populism

Author: Steven Palmer

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822384694

Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 546

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From Popular Medicine to Medical Populism presents the history of medical practice in Costa Rica from the late colonial era—when none of the fifty thousand inhabitants had access to a titled physician, pharmacist, or midwife—to the 1940s, when the figure of the qualified medical doctor was part of everyday life for many of Costa Rica’s nearly one million citizens. It is the first book to chronicle the history of all healers, both professional and popular, in a Latin American country during the national period. Steven Palmer breaks with the view of popular and professional medicine as polar opposites—where popular medicine is seen as representative of the authentic local community and as synonymous with oral tradition and religious and magical beliefs and professional medicine as advancing neocolonial interests through the work of secular, trained academicians. Arguing that there was significant and formative overlap between these two forms of medicine, Palmer shows that the relationship between practitioners of each was marked by coexistence, complementarity, and dialogue as often as it was by rivalry. Palmer explains that while the professionalization of medical practice was intricately connected to the nation-building process, the Costa Rican state never consistently displayed an interest in suppressing the practice of popular medicine. In fact, it persistently found both tacit and explicit ways to allow untitled healers to practice. Using empirical and archival research to bring people (such as the famous healer or curandero Professor Carlos Carbell), events, and institutions (including the Rockefeller Foundation) to life, From Popular Medicine to Medical Populism demonstrates that it was through everyday acts of negotiation among agents of the state, medical professionals, and popular practitioners that the contours of Costa Rica’s modern, heterogeneous health care system were established.

The Western Medical Tradition

The Western Medical Tradition

Author: Lawrence I. Conrad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521475643

Category: Medical

Page: 574

View: 152

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This text, written by members of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine and first published in 1995, is designed to cover the history of western medicine from classical antiquity to 1800. As one guiding thread it takes, as its title suggests, the system of medical ideas that in large part went back to the Greeks of the eighth century BC, and played a major role in the understanding and treatment of health and disease. Its influence spread from the Aegean basin to the rest of the Mediterranean region, to Europe, and then to European settlements overseas. By the nineteenth century, however, this tradition no longer carried the same force or occupied so central a position within medicine. This book charts the influence of this tradition, examining it in its social and historical context. It is essential reading as a synthesis for all students of the history of medicine.

Praktiken der Frühen Neuzeit

Praktiken der Frühen Neuzeit

Author: Arndt Brendecke

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412501358

Category: History

Page: 714

View: 784

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Dieser Band reagiert auf das wachsende Interesse an historischen Praktiken. Dabei kommen alte historiographische Tugenden zur Anwendung, denn Geschichtsschreibung ist von ihren Anfängen an stark an Handlungen und Handlungsvollzügen interessiert, an Fakten und ihrer Darstellung. Zugleich muss jedoch neuen methodischen Reflexionen Raum gegeben werden, denn es reicht nicht mehr aus, "Taten" aus Ideen oder individuellen Entscheidungen abzuleiten. Praktiken verfügen über eine Eigenlogik und damit auch über eine eigene Geschichte. Diese zu erschließen, nahm sich die Arbeitsgemeinschaft Frühe Neuzeit in ihrer zehnten Tagung vor. Die wichtigsten Ergebnisse sind in diesem Band versammelt.

Cultural Approaches to the History of Medicine

Cultural Approaches to the History of Medicine

Author: C. Usborne

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230287594

Category: History

Page: 241

View: 833

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A pioneering contribution to the cultural history of medicine exploring issues as diverse as dissection of the heart, childbirth, masturbation, animal care, hermaphrodites, orthopaedics, 'miracle' drugs, smallpox and sex advice in different European cultures from the 1600s to the present day. Each case study illustrates various roles of mediation; reconciling conflicting ideas in the medical encounter; as an instrument of domination, or conversely, of resistance. Roy Porter's brilliant foreword conveys the methodological significance as well as the pleasure of these essays.

Accidents in History

Accidents in History

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004418516

Category: Medical

Page: 284

View: 591

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Scant attention has been paid to perceptions of risk and danger in the past — in particular, to the history of accidents and the meanings of the accidental. This collection of interdisciplinary essays addresses this lacuna providing a theoretically informed historical sociology of the accident and risk. It explores the social and cultural contexts in which ‘acts of God', calamities, catastrophes, disasters, injuries, casualties, and other category of ‘mishaps' were experienced, conceptualized and responded to.