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The Proteins Chemistry, Biological Activity, and Methods V2B

The Proteins Chemistry, Biological Activity, and Methods V2B

Author: Hans Neurath

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323143622

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 987

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The Proteins, Volume II: Chemistry, Biological Activity, and Methods, Part A is a nine-chapter text that explores the chemical and biological aspects of proteins. This book starts with a discussion on the occurrence, distribution, and general chemical and biochemical properties of nucleoproteins, enzymes, and respiratory proteins and toxic proteins. The subsequent chapters cover the biological importance, separation, distribution, and antibacterial activity of food proteins, such as milk, egg, and seed proteins. A chapter explores the general concepts of protein metabolism in plants. The final chapter examines the sources and the action of the protein hormones. Biochemists, physiologists, and medical researchers will find this book invaluable.

Tropical Food: Chemistry and Nutrition

Tropical Food: Chemistry and Nutrition

Author: George Inglett

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323143103

Category: Cooking

Page: 712

View: 339

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Tropical Foods: Chemistry and Nutrition, Volume 2 contains the proceedings of an International Conference on Tropical Foods: Chemistry and Nutrition, held in Honolulu, Hawaii, on March 28-30, 1979. The papers explore the chemical and nutritional aspects of tropical foods from around the world, including vegetables, coconut foods, wheat, and soybean foods. This volume is comprised of 19 chapters and begins with an overview of the nutritional aspects of some tropical plant foods by focusing on nutrition, the nutritional composition of some plant foods, and the applications and limitations of food composition tables, along with assessment of nutritional status and some obstacles to nutritional health. The next chapter surveys tropical foods in the Far East, with emphasis on the processing and nutritional evaluation of fermented foods as well as fermentation and other methods of food preservation. Vegetable production in tropical Asian countries such as the Philippines is also considered. Subsequent chapters look at tropical home gardens as a nutrition intervention, tropical foods in Central America, and some aspects of traditional African foods. This book should be a valuable resource for biochemists, nutritionists, and nutritional scientists.

Milk Proteins V2

Milk Proteins V2

Author: Hugh McKenzie

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323145770

Category: Science

Page: 566

View: 690

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Milk Proteins: Chemistry and Molecular Biology, Volume II provides an extensive and detailed discussion on individual milk proteins. This volume focuses on caseins, which constitute the major group of milk proteins, and provides an understanding of the formation and structure of casein micelles. The topics discussed include the formation and structure of casein micelles; isolation, properties, and zone electrophoresis of whole casein; casein and its attack by rennin (chymosin); biochemistry of prorennin (prochymosin) and rennin (chymosin); minor milk proteins and enzymes; milk protein research and milk technology; and milk proteins in prospect. This book is a good reference for students majoring in protein chemistry, as well as protein chemists and biochemists conducting research on milk proteins.

The Proteins Composition, Structure, and Function

The Proteins Composition, Structure, and Function

Author: Hans Neurath

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323161305

Category: Science

Page: 856

View: 294

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The Proteins: Composition, Structure, and Function, Second Edition, Volume II deals with fundamental properties of proteins, both in solution and in the solid state. This volume consists of five chapters that specifically cover the advances in understanding the structure and function of the protein molecule. The opening chapter presents interpretative procedures of experimental methods for determining protein conformation using X-ray crystallography, followed by an examination of the acid-base dissociations of proteins. The discussion then shifts to the investigation of interactions between protein molecules and other macromolecules, which is of significant importance in providing a chemical basis for many biological processes. A chapter considers first the synthesis, purification, and chemical properties of the polyamino acids. This chapter further describes their physicochemical properties in the solid state, in solution, and at interfaces, and lastly discusses their biological properties as high molecular weight substrates for proteolytic enzymes and as synthetic antigens, and their interaction with proteins and nucleic acids, with viruses, bacteria, blood components, and other biological systems. The use of polyamino acids in the study of the genetic code and the preparation and properties of polypeptidyl proteins are also covered. The concluding chapter focuses on X-ray analysis of protein structure. Organic chemists, biochemists, and researchers in protein-related fields will find this book invaluable

Insect Pathology V2

Insect Pathology V2

Author: Edward Steinhaus

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323143172

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 148

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Insect Pathology: An Advanced Treatise, Volume 2 reviews the significant progress that has been made in insect pathology, as well as the major research trends in the field. This book is concerned with bacterial, fungus, protozoan, and parasitic diseases, along with the epizootiology of infectious diseases, diagnosis, methodology, and microbial control. Organized into 17 chapters, this volume begins with a brief consideration of the taxonomy of entomogenous bacteria, including common problems of bacterial taxonomy as a whole. The book then discusses diseases caused by certain spore-forming bacteria, such as clostridial pathogens and pathogens of the genus Bacillus. The text also explains milky diseases and their development within the insect host; nonsporulating bacterial pathogens that cause diseases in insects; and infections caused by Coelomomyces and Entomophthorales. The book also introduces the reader to insect diseases caused by hyphomycetous Fungi Imperfecti (Deuteromycetes) not usually associated in nature with a perfect stage, diseases associated with Cordyceps, and infections attributed to parasites belonging to the group Sporozoa. This book is essential reading for entomologists.

Methods of Enzymatic Analysis

Methods of Enzymatic Analysis

Author: Hans-UIrich Bergmeyer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323161374

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 578

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Methods of Enzymatic Analysis, Volume 2 reviews developments in the determination of enzyme activity, including advances in assay techniques. It discusses the principles on which measurements of enzymes are based, with each chapter including equations and each method consisting of the pipetting protocol. This volume is divided into four parts, each discussing a group of enzymes and their determination. Part I focuses on oxidoreductases, such as sorbitol dehydrogenase, lactate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, xanthine oxidase, and glutamate dehydrogenase. Part II is concerned with transferases ranging from ornithine carbamoyltransferase and transamidinase to transketolase, transaldolase, UDP-glucuronyltransferase, glutamate-pyruvate transaminase, and phosphotransferases. Part III discusses hydrolases including esterases, glycoside hydrolases, peptidases, and proteinases, whereas Part IV looks at lyases, isomerases, and ligases, such as fructose-1, 6-diphosphate aldolase, 1-phosphofructoaldolase, glucosephosphate isomerase, and tetrahydrofolate formylase. This book is a valuable resource for biochemists as well as students and researchers working in the field of analytical biochemistry.

Determination of the Size and Shape of Protein Molecules

Determination of the Size and Shape of Protein Molecules

Author: P. Alexander

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483221281

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 926

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Analytical Methods of Protein Chemistry, Volume 3: Determination of the Size and Shape of Protein Molecules provides information pertinent to the analysis and isolation of protein. This book deals with the measurement of the macromolecular properties of proteins. Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the theory and practice of the electron microscope to allow an understanding of the type of object that may be examined. This text then describes the methods of making protein molecules conform to such an ideal, which are the techniques of specimen preparation. Other chapters consider the determinations of osmotic pressures of proteins. This book discusses as well the experimental basis for the theory of the diffusion process in liquids. The final chapter deals with the technical problem characteristics of light-scattering. This book is a valuable resource for electron microscopists, protein chemists, biologists, physicist, physico-chemists, scientists, and research workers.

Microsomes, Drug Oxidations and Chemical Carcinogenesis

Microsomes, Drug Oxidations and Chemical Carcinogenesis

Author: Minor Coon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323143875

Category: Medical

Page: 655

View: 267

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Microsomes, Drug Oxidations, and Chemical Carcinogenesis, Volume II, documents the proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Microsomes and Drug Oxidations held in Ann Arbor, July 1979. The symposium reviewed progress in the understanding of scientific and biomedical problems from a biochemical, biophysical, pharmacological, and toxicological perspective. Volume I contained 117 contributions made by researchers at the symposium, which were organized into three sections (Sections I-III). This second volume contains 122 contributions, divided into four sections (Sections IV-VII). The papers on Section IV examine the metabolic fate of oxygenated compounds. Section V provides studies on microsomal enzymes and lipid metabolism. Section VI includes papers on microsomal enzymes and toxicity of foreign compounds. Section VII covers microsomal enzymes and chemical mutagenesis and carcinogenesis. This book seeks to aid future progress in understanding the complexities of metabolic transformations by these versatile enzyme systems that act on physiologically important lipids as well as on a wide array of foreign substances, including drugs, anesthetics, industrial chemicals, food additives, pesticides, carcinogens, and nonnutrient dietary chemicals.

The Application of Charge Density Research to Chemistry and Drug Design

The Application of Charge Density Research to Chemistry and Drug Design

Author: G.A. Jeffrey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461537007

Category: Science

Page: 409

View: 863

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In the past twenty years, the X-ray crystallography of organic molecules has expanded rapidly in two opposite directions. One is towards larger and larger biological macromolecules and the other is towards the fine details of the electronic structure of small molecules. Both advances required the development of more sophisticated methodologies. Both were made possible by the rapid development of computer technology. X-ray diffraction equipment has responded to these demands, in the one case by the ability to measure quickly many thousands of diffraction spectra, in the other by providing instruments capable of very high precision. Molecules interact through their electrostatic potentials and therefore their experimental and theoretical measurement and calculation is an essential component to understanding the electronic structure of chemical and biochemical reactions. In this ASI, we have brought together experts and their students from both the experimental and theoretical sides of this field, in order that they better understand the philosophy and complexity of these two complementary approaches. George A. Jeffrey Department of Crystallography University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 USA vii CONTENTS LECTURES General Considerations on Methods for Studying Molecular Structures and Electron Density Distributions ..