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The Secret of Our Success

The Secret of Our Success

Author: Joseph Henrich

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691178431

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

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How our collective intelligence has helped us to evolve and prosper Humans are a puzzling species. On the one hand, we struggle to survive on our own in the wild, often failing to overcome even basic challenges, like obtaining food, building shelters, or avoiding predators. On the other hand, human groups have produced ingenious technologies, sophisticated languages, and complex institutions that have permitted us to successfully expand into a vast range of diverse environments. What has enabled us to dominate the globe, more than any other species, while remaining virtually helpless as lone individuals? This book shows that the secret of our success lies not in our innate intelligence, but in our collective brains—on the ability of human groups to socially interconnect and learn from one another over generations. Drawing insights from lost European explorers, clever chimpanzees, mobile hunter-gatherers, neuroscientific findings, ancient bones, and the human genome, Joseph Henrich demonstrates how our collective brains have propelled our species' genetic evolution and shaped our biology. Our early capacities for learning from others produced many cultural innovations, such as fire, cooking, water containers, plant knowledge, and projectile weapons, which in turn drove the expansion of our brains and altered our physiology, anatomy, and psychology in crucial ways. Later on, some collective brains generated and recombined powerful concepts, such as the lever, wheel, screw, and writing, while also creating the institutions that continue to alter our motivations and perceptions. Henrich shows how our genetics and biology are inextricably interwoven with cultural evolution, and how culture-gene interactions launched our species on an extraordinary evolutionary trajectory. Tracking clues from our ancient past to the present, The Secret of Our Success explores how the evolution of both our cultural and social natures produce a collective intelligence that explains both our species' immense success and the origins of human uniqueness.

Summary of Joseph Henrich's The Secret of Our Success

Summary of Joseph Henrich's The Secret of Our Success

Author: Everest Media,

Publisher: Everest Media LLC

ISBN: 9798822502130

Category: Psychology

Page: 51

View: 660

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Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 Our species, the Homo sapiens, is a peculiar primate. We are physically weak, slow, and not particularly good at climbing trees. Yet, we are surprisingly good at long-distance running and fast, accurate throwing. #2 We are a cultural species. We have acquired many practices, techniques, tools, motivations, values, and beliefs while growing up, mostly by learning from others. Our species’ success lies not in our raw innate intelligence, but in our ability to survive and thrive as hunter-gatherers across an immense range of global environments because we have learned how to culture. #3 We are a cultural species, and our capacities for learning from others are products of natural selection. We are adaptive learners who, even as infants, carefully select when, what, and from whom to learn. We rely on the products of cultural evolution for our survival. #4 The process of self-domestication involved the creation of social norms that influence a wide variety of human action. Norms affect everything from ancient and fundamental matters such as kin relations and mating to more modern matters such as food sharing and reciprocity.

Selfie

Selfie

Author: Will Storr

Publisher: Abrams

ISBN: 9781468315905

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 447

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“An intriguing odyssey” though the history of the self and the rise of narcissism (The New York Times). Self-absorption, perfectionism, personal branding—it wasn’t always like this, but it’s always been a part of us. Why is the urge to look at ourselves so powerful? Is there any way to break its spell—especially since it doesn’t necessarily make us better or happier people? Full of unexpected connections among history, psychology, economics, neuroscience, and more, Selfie is a “terrific” book that makes sense of who we have become (NPR’s On Point). Award-winning journalist Will Storr takes us from ancient Greece, through the Christian Middle Ages, to the self-esteem evangelists of 1980s California, the rise of the “selfie generation,” and the era of hyper-individualism in which we live now, telling the epic tale of the person we all know so intimately—because it’s us. “It’s easy to look at Instagram and selfie-sticks and shake our heads at millennial narcissism. But Will Storr takes a longer view. He ignores the easy targets and instead tells the amazing 2,500-year story of how we’ve come to think about our selves. A top-notch journalist, historian, essayist, and sleuth, Storr has written an essential book for understanding, and coping with, the 21st century.” —Nathan Hill, New York Times-bestselling author of The Nix “This fascinating psychological and social history . . . reveals how biology and culture conspire to keep us striving for perfection, and the devastating toll that can take.”—The Washington Post “Ably synthesizes centuries of attitudes and beliefs about selfhood, from Aristotle, John Calvin, and Freud to Sartre, Ayn Rand, and Steve Jobs.” —USA Today “Eminently suitable for readers of both Yuval Noah Harari and Daniel Kahneman, Selfie also has shades of Jon Ronson in its subversive humor and investigative spirit.” —Bookseller “Storr is an electrifying analyst of Internet culture.” —Financial Times “Continually delivers rich insights . . . captivating.” —Kirkus Reviews

The Open Society and Its Complexities

The Open Society and Its Complexities

Author: Gerald Gaus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190648992

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 156

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A mere two decades ago it was widely assumed that liberal democracy and the Open Society it created had decisively won their century-long struggle against authoritarianism. Although subsequent events have shocked many, F.A. Hayek would not have been surprised that we are in many ways disoriented by the society we have created. As he understood it, the Open Society was a precarious achievement in many ways at odds with our deepest moral sentiments. His path-breaking analyses argued that the Open Society runs against our evolved attraction to "tribalism" that the Open Society is too complex for moral justification; and that its self-organized complexity defies attempts at democratic governance. In his final, wide-ranging book, Gerald Gaus critically reexamines Hayek's analyses. Drawing on diverse work in social and moral science, Gaus argues that Hayek's program was manifestly prescient and strikingly sophisticated, always identifying real and pressing problems. Yet, Gaus maintains, Hayek underestimated the resources of human morality and the Open Society to cope with the challenges he perceived. Gaus marshals formal models and empirical evidence to show that our Open Society is grounded on moral foundations of human cooperation originating in our distant evolutionary past, but has built upon them a complex and diverse society that requires us to rethink both the nature of moral justification and the meaning of democratic self-governance. In these fearful, angry and inwardly-looking times, when political philosophy has itself become a hostile exchange between ideological camps, The Open Society and Its Complexities shows how moral and ideological diversity, so far from being the enemy of a free and open society, can be its foundation.

The Secret of Academic Progress and Success

The Secret of Academic Progress and Success

Author: Audu Suyum

Publisher: XinXii

ISBN: 9783962463526

Category: Religion

Page: 30

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The common questions among college and university Christian and non Christian students are: what is the secret of academic success? How can I succeed? How can I balance my academics with my spirituality? These and many other relevant questions are intelligently and concisely discussed in this booklet

The Secret Society of Success

The Secret Society of Success

Author: Tim Schurrer

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 9781400229437

Category: Self-Help

Page: 240

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It’s time to redefine success. “The book you’re about to read is an absolute game changer, life changer, and outlook changer. . . . You will never view success the same way again. And that’s a very good thing.” — ERNIE JOHNSON JR., Emmy Award winner and host of TNT’s Inside the NBA There’s a message getting a lot of airtime these days. It says to be successful, you have to step into the spotlight, climb the ladder, become the boss, or chase whatever version of success that’s been dangled in front of you. But what if there’s another way? What if fame, money, and power aren’t all that we should be chasing? In The Secret Society of Success, Tim Schurrer invites you to reevaluate your definition of success and learn a new, freer way to go about achieving it. How do you learn this approach? With the Secret Society as your guide—a community of people who know how to make an impact, whether they have the spotlight or not. The Secret Society will teach you to define success for yourself; contribute to your team without minding who gets the credit; make an impact that spans far beyond yourself, regardless of the size of your platform; navigate living in the tension between contentment and striving; go from feeling anxious, overwhelmed, and restless in your job to being confident in the value you bring to the team; and discover meaning and fulfillment in the work that you do. Through powerful stories of people like the CEO of Apple Tim Cook, NBA all-star LeBron James, Fred Rogers of Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood, and people whose names you’ve never heard of, you will discover that the success you’re looking for is within your reach, wherever you are and whatever your role. “The Secret Society of Success is an important book that everyone should read. It is not only insightful; it’s inspirational. This book captures what it really means to be successful. I am for one ready to up my game! Thank you, Tim, for giving me this gift!” — DAVID NOVAK, cofounder and former chairman and CEO of Yum! Brands (KFC, Taco Bell, Pizza Hut)

Secrets to Success:

Secrets to Success:

Author: Sean Gallagher

Publisher: Mercier Press Ltd

ISBN: 9781781175262

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 514

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Drawn from articles Sean has written for the ‘Sunday Independent’, ‘Secrets to Success’ is a compilation of inspiring stories of successful Irish-based entrepreneurs and business leaders including: Voxpro, Tayto Park/Largo Foods, One4All, Realex Payments, Wallace Myers International, Teelings Whiskey and Flahavans. It teaches valuable lessons from entrepreneurs about their journey from start-up to success. We learn about their backgrounds and what shaped them, how they came up with their killer business ideas, as well as the challenges that confronted them along the way and while they have enjoyed the sweet taste of victory, all, without exception, have known times of bitter defeat. Sean is convinced that what can be learned from Ireland’s microcosm of entrepreneurial endeavour can be applied anywhere in the world.

The WEIRDest People in the World

The WEIRDest People in the World

Author: Joseph Henrich

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9780374710453

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 455

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A New York Times Notable Book of 2020 A Bloomberg Best Non-Fiction Book of 2020 A Behavioral Scientist Notable Book of 2020 A Human Behavior & Evolution Society Must-Read Popular Evolution Book of 2020 A bold, epic account of how the co-evolution of psychology and culture created the peculiar Western mind that has profoundly shaped the modern world. Perhaps you are WEIRD: raised in a society that is Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic. If so, you’re rather psychologically peculiar. Unlike much of the world today, and most people who have ever lived, WEIRD people are highly individualistic, self-obsessed, control-oriented, nonconformist, and analytical. They focus on themselves—their attributes, accomplishments, and aspirations—over their relationships and social roles. How did WEIRD populations become so psychologically distinct? What role did these psychological differences play in the industrial revolution and the global expansion of Europe during the last few centuries? In The WEIRDest People in the World, Joseph Henrich draws on cutting-edge research in anthropology, psychology, economics, and evolutionary biology to explore these questions and more. He illuminates the origins and evolution of family structures, marriage, and religion, and the profound impact these cultural transformations had on human psychology. Mapping these shifts through ancient history and late antiquity, Henrich reveals that the most fundamental institutions of kinship and marriage changed dramatically under pressure from the Roman Catholic Church. It was these changes that gave rise to the WEIRD psychology that would coevolve with impersonal markets, occupational specialization, and free competition—laying the foundation for the modern world. Provocative and engaging in both its broad scope and its surprising details, The WEIRDest People in the World explores how culture, institutions, and psychology shape one another, and explains what this means for both our most personal sense of who we are as individuals and also the large-scale social, political, and economic forces that drive human history. Includes black-and-white illustrations.

Brilliant Copywriting

Brilliant Copywriting

Author: Roger Horberry

Publisher: Pearson UK

ISBN: 9780273742227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 137

View: 968

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If you’ve ever struggled to craft a persuasive message that really hits the spot you’ll know it’s harder than it looks. Wouldn’t it be helpful to have an expert on hand to give you tips and tricks? Someone who could pass on their knowledge and know-how? Someone who told you how the professionals really do it? Well, that’s exactly what this book does for aspiring copywriters. Think of it as a rocket-assisted launch for your writing career. Brilliant Copywriting is packed with practical techniques to help anyone who works with words to improve their writing. It lifts the lid on the world of professional copywriting to reveal the trade secrets of top-notch practitioners. It’s the book every copywriter wants when they start out, full of facts, details and insights that normally take years to acquire. It will also be invaluable for anyone who works with words in pretty much any industry.