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Theoretical Anthropology or How to Observe a Human Being

Theoretical Anthropology or How to Observe a Human Being

Author: Albert Piette

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119618317

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 250

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It may seem obvious that the human being has always been present in anthropology. This book, however, reveals that he has never really been a part of it. Theoretical Anthropology or How to Observe a Human Being establishes the foundations and conditions, both theoretical and methodological, which make it possible to consider the human being as a topic of observation and analysis, for himself as an entity, and not in the perspective of understanding social and cultural phenomena. In debate with both anthropologists and philosophers, this book describes and analyzes the human being as a “volume”. To this end, a specific lexicon is built around the notions of volume, volumography and volumology. These notions are further illustrated and enriched by several drawings.

Anthropology in Theory

Anthropology in Theory

Author: Henrietta L. Moore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118780596

Category: Social Science

Page: 616

View: 211

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This second edition of the widely praised Anthropology inTheory: Issues in Epistemology, features a variety of updates,revisions, and new readings in its comprehensive presentation ofissues in the history of anthropological theory and epistemologyover the past century. Provides a comprehensive selection of 60 readings and aninsightful overview of the evolution of anthropological theory Revised and updated to reflect an on-going strength anddiversity of the discipline in recent years, with new readingspointing to innovative directions in the development ofanthropological research Identifies crucial concepts that reflect the practice ofengaging with theory, particular ways of thinking, analyzing andreflecting that are unique to anthropology Includes excerpts of seminal anthropological works, key classicand contemporary debates in the discipline, and cutting-edge newtheorizing Reveals broader debates in the social sciences, including the relationship between society and culture; language and culturalmeanings; structure and agency; identities and technologies;subjectivities and trans-locality; and meta-theory, ontology andepistemology

Lectures on Anthropology

Lectures on Anthropology

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521771610

Category: History

Page: 641

View: 888

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The only English translation of recently edited transcriptions of Kant's lectures on anthropology, given between 1772 and 1789.

Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology

Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology

Author: R. Jon McGee

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781452276304

Category: Social Science

Page: 1056

View: 968

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Social and cultural anthropology and archaeology are rich subjects with deep connections in the social and physical sciences. Over the past 150 years, the subject matter and different theoretical perspectives have expanded so greatly that no single individual can command all of it. Consequently, both advanced students and professionals may be confronted with theoretical positions and names of theorists with whom they are only partially familiar, if they have heard of them at all. Students, in particular, are likely to turn to the web to find quick background information on theorists and theories. However, most web-based information is inaccurate and/or lacks depth. Students and professionals need a source to provide a quick overview of a particular theory and theorist with just the basics—the "who, what, where, how, and why," if you will. In response, SAGE Reference plans to publish the two-volume Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology: An Encyclopedia. Features & Benefits: Two volumes containing approximately 335 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and thorough reference resource available on anthropology theory, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. To ease navigation between and among related entries, a Reader's Guide groups entries thematically and each entry is followed by Cross-References. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide combines with the Cross-References and a detailed Index to provide robust search-and-browse capabilities. An appendix with a Chronology of Anthropology Theory allows students to easily chart directions and trends in thought and theory from early times to the present. Suggestions for Further Reading at the end of each entry and a Master Bibliography at the end guide readers to sources for more detailed research and discussion.

Separate Humans

Separate Humans

Author: Albert Piette

Publisher: Mimesis

ISBN: 9788869770739

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 625

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This book is a theoretical essay that lays foundations on which to build an anthropology directly focusing on human units. In the first chapter, the author attempts to show that the evolutionary specificity of humans constitutes an argument in favour of this perspective. The consciousness of existing in time and nuanced modalities of presence call for a detailed observation of humans. The second chapter is a critique of the abundant use of the notion of relations in social anthropology. This critique is necessary because of the extent to which the various theoretical and methodological uses of relations absorb and lose existences and their details. The third chapter concerns nonhumans, another major theme of contemporary anthropology. Albert Piette sees a certain debasement of the notion of existence and proposes a realist ontology, considering what does and does not exist, from the examples of divinities, animals and collective institutions. It is not a matter of being satisfied with an analysis of ontologies or local metaphysics, but also showing what really is in a situation, and not just from the point of view of people and their discourse. This analysis leads to a classification of beings and to a consideration of the importance of minimality in human existence.

Psychology; Or a View of the Human Soul

Psychology; Or a View of the Human Soul

Author: Friedrich August Rauch

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 1330377915

Category: Psychology

Page: 409

View: 622

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Excerpt from Psychology; Or a View of the Human Soul: Including Anthropology "Know thyself" was the inscription on the temple of Apollo. The meaning of this terse admonition was either a practical one: Know thy frailties, thy human weakness, thy sinful nature; acknowledge thyself what thou art, - and amend thy ways; or it was a theoretical one: Man, the highest being in nature, who studies every thing below himself, who knows the soil which he cultivates, and the stars that regulate the seasons, and the laws of crystallization, vegetation and animalization - should not he desire to know himself? a being, who stands midway between the kingdom of nature and that of immortal spirits? who is the measure of tho earth and all it contains, who unites what is dispersed in nature, every power and every beauty in himself? But how shall man become acquainted with himself both practically and theoretically? This is the question, which the great Apollo did not answer. Shall he merely observe him. self? But man is inclined either to place too high or too low a value upon himself; he has not a proper measure for his judgment in himself. Shall he watch others? He that will under, stand himself must observe those around him, but to understand them, he must look into his own heart. Thus he may indeed obtain a knowledge of man, but one, that is without systematic connection, incomplete, partial and imperfect. While we cannot do without such a knowledge of man, the admonition of Apollo will only be listened to fully, when we connect with this experimental knowledge a systematical development of all contained in man, especially of his reason and will. These are the basis of all the thoughts and actions, of all the sciences and practical pursuits in man, and without a knowledge of them, it will always remain difficult to understand man, as we meet him in life. Theory must here, as every where else, assist practice. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Art and Agency

Art and Agency

Author: Alfred Gell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198280149

Category: Art

Page: 271

View: 311

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Alfred Gell puts forward a new anthropological theory of visual art, seen as a form of instrumental action: the making of things as a means of influencing the thoughts and actions of others. He argues that existing anthropological and aesthetic theories take an overwhelmingly passive point of view, and questions the criteria that accord art status only to a certain class of objects and not to others. The anthropology of art is here reformulated as the anthropology of a category of action: Gell shows how art objects embody complex intentionalities and mediate social agency. He explores the psychology of patterns and perceptions, art and personhood, the control of knowledge, and the interpretation of meaning, drawing upon a diversity of artistic traditions--European, Indian, Polynesian, Melanesian, and Australian. Art and Agency was completed just before Alfred Gell's death at the age of 51 in January 1997. It embodies the intellectual bravura, lively wit, vigour, and erudition for which he was admired, and will stand as an enduring testament to one of the most gifted anthropologists of his generation.