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Time and Reality in the Thought of the Maya

Time and Reality in the Thought of the Maya

Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806123087

Category: Religion

Page: 260

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In this second English-language edition of one of his most notable works, Miguel León-Portilla explores the Maya Indians’ remarkable concepts of time. At the book’s first appearance Evon Z. Vogt, Curator of Middle American Ethnology in Harvard University, predicted that it would become "a classic in anthropology," a prediction borne out by the continuing critical attention given to it by leading scholars. Like no other people in history, the ancient Maya were obsessed by the study of time. Their sages framed its cycles with tireless exactitude. Yet their preoccupation with time was not limited to calendrics; it was a central trait in their evolving culture. In this absorbing work León-Portilla probes the question, What did time really mean for the ancient Maya in terms of their mythology, religious thought, worldview, and everyday life? In his analysis of key Maya texts and computations, he reveals one of the most elaborate attempts of the human mind to penetrate the secrets of existence.

Aztec Philosophy

Aztec Philosophy

Author: James Maffie

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 9781607322238

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 836

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In Aztec Philosophy, James Maffie shows the Aztecs advanced a highly sophisticated and internally coherent systematic philosophy worthy of consideration alongside other philosophies from around the world. Bringing together the fields of comparative world philosophy and Mesoamerican studies, Maffie excavates the distinctly philosophical aspects of Aztec thought. Aztec Philosophy focuses on the ways Aztec metaphysics—the Aztecs’ understanding of the nature, structure and constitution of reality—underpinned Aztec thinking about wisdom, ethics, politics,\ and aesthetics, and served as a backdrop for Aztec religious practices as well as everyday activities such as weaving, farming, and warfare. Aztec metaphysicians conceived reality and cosmos as a grand, ongoing process of weaving—theirs was a world in motion. Drawing upon linguistic, ethnohistorical, archaeological, historical, and contemporary ethnographic evidence, Maffie argues that Aztec metaphysics maintained a processive, transformational, and non-hierarchical view of reality, time, and existence along with a pantheistic theology. Aztec Philosophy will be of great interest to Mesoamericanists, philosophers, religionists, folklorists, and Latin Americanists as well as students of indigenous philosophy, religion, and art of the Americas.

13 B'aktun

13 B'aktun

Author: Gaspar Pedro Gonzalez

Publisher: North Atlantic Books

ISBN: 9781556438967

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 168

View: 219

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As 2012 looms with its promise of radical cultural and spiritual change, humankind is increasingly seeking strategies to survive and thrive. In 13 B’aktun, Gaspar Pedro González turns to the traditional Mayan belief system to navigate this uncertain future. The term 13 B’aktun refers to the thirteenth cycle of 144,000 days in the Mayan Long Count Calendar. Many scholars believe that this cycle is set to end on December 21, 2012. Framed as a fictional dialogue between a contemporary Mayan father and son, the book explores such questions as “Will life continue on Earth?” and “Will there be another creation at the end of this era?” The father imparts the knowledge of his ancestors and shares his direct mystical experiences that bring alive traditional beliefs about creation and the divine purpose of humanity, the Earth, and the universe. Through the father’s poetic words, the author helps us to critically reflect on our existence, the state of the modern world, and human destiny. In addition to ancient Mayan wisdom, 13 B’aktun incorporates the insights of modern philosophers, scientists, and religious texts concerning consciousness, human behavior, and predictions for the future. What unifies all of these sources is the message that despite our existing world dilemmas, there is still time to change our ways. The only book on 2012 by a Mayan author, 13 B’aktun draws on the storytelling experiences of the author’s childhood and his academic research as an adult. Countering the widespread hype and misinformation surrounding 2012, González blends past and present thought into a persuasive plan for moving into the new era.

The Mayan Factor

The Mayan Factor

Author: José Argüelles

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781591439028

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 224

View: 227

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Visionary historian Arguelles unravels the harmonic code of the ancient Maya providing valuable keys to understanding the next twenty years of human evolution.

Archaeoastronomy and the Maya

Archaeoastronomy and the Maya

Author: Gerardo Aldana y V.

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781782976431

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 920

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Archaeoastronomy and the Maya illustrates archaeoastronomical approaches to ancient Mayan cultural production. The book is contextualized through a history of archaeoastronomical investigations into Mayan sites, originating in the 19th century discovery of astronomical tables within hieroglyphic books. Early 20th century archaeological excavations revealed inscriptions carved into stone that also preserved astronomical records, along with architecture that was built to reflect astronomical orientations. These materials provided the basis of a growing professionalized archaeoastronomy, blossoming in the 1970s and expanding into recent years. The chapters here exemplify the advances made in the field during the early 21st century as well as the on-going diversity of approaches, presenting new perspectives and discoveries in ancient Mayan astronomy that result from recent studies of architectural alignments, codices, epigraphy, iconography, ethnography, and calendrics. More than just investigations of esoteric ancient sciences, studies of ancient Mayan astronomy have profoundly aided our understanding of Mayan worldviews. Concepts of time and space, meanings encoded in religious art, intentions underlying architectural alignments, and even methods of political legitimization are all illuminated through the study of Mayan astronomy.

Understanding the Chiapas Rebellion

Understanding the Chiapas Rebellion

Author: Nicholas P. Higgins

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292779518

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 735

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To many observers in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Mexico appeared to be a modern nation-state at last assuming an international role through its participation in NAFTA and the OECD (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development). Then came the Zapatista revolt on New Year's Day 1994. Wearing ski masks and demanding not power but a new understanding of the indigenous peoples of Mexico, Subcomandante Marcos and his followers launched what may be the first "post" or "counter" modern revolution, one that challenges the very concept of the modern nation-state and its vision of a fully assimilated citizenry. This book offers a new way of understanding the Zapatista conflict as a counteraction to the forces of modernity and globalization that have rendered indigenous peoples virtually invisible throughout the world. Placing the conflict within a broad sociopolitical and historical context, Nicholas Higgins traces the relations between Maya Indians and the Mexican state from the conquest to the present—which reveals a centuries-long contest over the Maya people's identity and place within Mexico. His incisive analysis of this contest clearly explains how the notions of "modernity" and even of "the state" require the assimilation of indigenous peoples. With this understanding, Higgins argues, the Zapatista uprising becomes neither surprising nor unpredictable, but rather the inevitable outcome of a modernizing program that suppressed the identity and aspirations of the Maya peoples.

The Seven Day Circle

The Seven Day Circle

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226981659

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 966

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Shows how an artificial system devised to order our activities, the seven-day week, has been shaped by religion, politics, and economics from the biblical era through varied, exotic civilizations and into the twentieth century

Corn Woman Sings

Corn Woman Sings

Author: Eleanor Barron Druckrey Phd

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595463435

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 146

View: 317

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"Do you want to know?" the spirit asked twenty-three-year-old Eleanor Barrón Druckrey in 1967. At the time, the young woman was not quite ready. Ten years later and still stalked by spirits day and night, Barrón Druckrey accepted the invitation to embark on a journey of discovery through her dreams. She began to understand a pattern of brilliance and beauty related to the ancient past when magic, wonder, and awe reigned throughout the native cultures in the Americas.Drawn from more than thirty years of recorded dreams, Corn Woman Sings brings Native American traditions to life. Interwoven with Barrón Druckrey's personal stories and discussions on the legends of the great dreamers, Corn Woman's legacy lays a path of transformation and renewal for the modern-day curandera, medicine woman and mystic, in all walks of life.Corn Woman Sings shows you how to start building a dream map that will lead you to personal transformation. It illustrates the process of opening up to your inner self and starting the process of uniting mind, body, and spirit. Only time will tell what you might witness in your dreams.

The Flayed God

The Flayed God

Author: Roberta H. Markman

Publisher: Harper San Francisco

ISBN: UVA:X002214035

Category: Aztec mythology

Page: 516

View: 737

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The authors of Masks of the Spirit present modern English translations of the important myths of the Olmec, Toltec, Maya, and Aztec civilizations of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, along with the strange imagery of the original codices and stallae. Illustrated with 100 photographs (25 in color) of crucial monuments, murals, masks, and friezes.